Medieval period


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Medieval period

  1. 1. 1066-1485 Battle of Hastings to the Battle of Bosworth Field
  2. 3. <ul><li>Feudalism was a hierarchy based on the least powerful swearing allegiance and loyalty to the person in power above him. It began with the serfs and ended with the king and the Pope </li></ul>Medieval Period was based on feudalism
  3. 4. <ul><li>The Norman Conquest of England created a powerful Anglo-Norman entity and brought England into the mainstream of European civilization </li></ul>Characteristics of the Middle Ages (cont)
  4. 5. <ul><li>The feudal system centralized military, political, and economic power in the Crown </li></ul>Characteristics of the Middle Ages (cont)
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Roman Church transcended national boundaries and fostered cultural unity among Europeans </li></ul>Characteristics of the Middle Ages (cont)
  6. 7. <ul><li>The ideals of chivalry improved attitudes toward but not the rights of women </li></ul>Characteristics of the Middle Ages (cont)
  7. 8. <ul><li>The bubonic plague created a labor shortage that contributed to the end of feudalism and to the passing of the Middle Ages </li></ul>Characteristics of the Middle Ages (cont)
  8. 10. <ul><li>William led the Normans against the Anglo Saxons at the Battle of Hastings (1066 CE) </li></ul><ul><li>He won and brought a new language and methods of organization to England </li></ul>William the Conquerer
  9. 11. <ul><li>Most influential and powerful institution in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Dictated even the most insignificant details of individuals’ lives </li></ul><ul><li>Participated in Inquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled intellectual thought until the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Place of power and education </li></ul>Catholic Church
  10. 12. <ul><li>Called the Black Death– estimates say that 10 to fifty percent of Europeans died of the black death. </li></ul><ul><li>So many people died that there was a shortage of labor which eventually helped to bring about the middle class. </li></ul>Bubonic Plague strikes England 1348
  11. 13. <ul><li>Archbishop of Canterbury who was murdered by the knights of Henry II. </li></ul><ul><li>Canterbury Cathedral honors this English martyr. </li></ul><ul><li>He also was the martyr celebrated in the Canterbury Tales </li></ul>Thomas a Beckett
  12. 14. <ul><li>Chivalry was a code of conduct based on the process of becoming a knight. </li></ul><ul><li>Adherence to oaths of allegiance and rules governing fighting were basic to its precepts </li></ul>Chivalry
  13. 16. <ul><li>Orginally dervied from a French word which meant dancing song, ballads were composed with music in mind with their rhythm and meter. Ballads are poetry of the people and their topics are ones of everyday life– lost love, death, betrayal, the supernatural and relationships </li></ul>Ballads
  14. 17. <ul><li>A tale about Arthur’s knights and the Round Table, Sir Gawain accepts the Green Knights challenge to exchange blows. The story might really be about redemption and sin. </li></ul>Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
  15. 18. <ul><li>Canterbury Tales was written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer who is often called the father of English poetry. He is credited with making English respectable. Until Chaucer most literature and documents of importance were done in Latin </li></ul>Canterbury Tales (written 1387)
  16. 19. <ul><li>A morality play to teach a lesson to its viewers. It’s about a character named Everyman who confronts Death and has to find which of his friends will go with him. </li></ul>Everyman