Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

XSLT Overview

695 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

XSLT Overview

  1. 1. CIS-189
  2. 2.  XSL stands for Extensible Stylesheet ◦ Stylesheets are used to manage organization and presentation of data Implemented as an XML language ◦ Rules of XML apply Made up of ◦ XSL-FO (Formatting Objects) ◦ XSLT (Transformations)
  3. 3.  XSL-FO focused on presentation to screen and paper ◦ Not well-supported by browsers XSLT emphasizes re-organization of data ◦ Typically used for presentation but can also be used for conversion of data storage format ◦ XSLT is a declarative language  Similar to SQL, describe results not steps
  4. 4.  Cascading Style Sheets used to separate presentation from data XSLT used to change – transform – data ◦ Convert an XML document to XHTML Can use both together
  5. 5. XSL requires several steps1. XML processor reads document ◦ Creates document tree2. XSL processor applies rules from stylesheet ◦ Rules applied to document tree ◦ Rules applied by using pattern matching  Identify nodes to apply rules to ◦ Rules are stored as templates
  6. 6.  XSL works by using an Input Tree ◦ Input Tree comes from XML processor Process of changing input values is call Tree Transformation Result of transformation is the Result Tree ◦ Result Tree can include  XML  HTML (must adhere to XML rules, i.e., XHTML)  Formatting Objects
  7. 7.  Extensible Stylesheet Transformations is method of changing (transforming) XML based on rules of a stylesheet Xpath allows manipulation of parts of XML document ◦ Not XML-based ◦ Provides compact references  Useful in URI’s, attributes ◦ Document must exist as nodes (previously parsed)
  8. 8.  Templates are definitions of rules, organization Patterns define values searching for (where to apply templates) Expressions allow use of functions using nodes as inputs When referring to document attributes preface name with “@”
  9. 9.  <xsl:stylesheet> is root element ◦ Uses namespace to define elements, attributes valid in a stylesheet <xsl:template> defines the rules/ transformations to apply ◦ Match attribute specifies pattern to apply rules to  Functions similar to criteria <xsl:apply-templates> applies the rules defined for a particular element ◦ Select attribute specifies elements to apply to
  10. 10.  <xsl:value-of> returns the value of a specified node, function ◦ Select attribute specifies value source <xsl:copy> copies a node to the result tree without any child nodes or attributes <xsl:copy-of> copies a node and child/attribute nodes <xsl:output> controls the result tree ◦ method=“xml|html|text”
  11. 11.  <xsl:if> provides a boolean test to determine processing <xsl:choose> offers an IF ... THEN ... ELSE construct <xsl:for-each> allows each node in a group to be processed <xsl:sort> specifies order for a group of nodes
  12. 12.  Match can use ◦ node name ◦ current position (represented by “.”) ◦ relative position (for example, parent = “..”) Specifies where the transformation to be applied

×