States of matter_l12

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States of matter_l12

  1. 1. States ofMatterLesson 1
  2. 2. California Science StandardStandard 3: States of Matter:Standard 3D: Students knowthe states of matter (solid, liquid,gas) depend on molecular motion.
  3. 3. California Science StandardStandard 3: States of Matter:Standard 3E: Students know that in solidsthe atoms are closely locked in positionand can only vibrate; in liquids the atomsand molecules are more looselyconnected and can collide with andmove past one another; and in gases theatoms and molecules are free to moveindependently, colliding frequently.
  4. 4. Content ObjectivesAfter this lesson I should be able to:1. Name the three states matter can exist in.2. Compare and contrast the properties of solids, liquids and gases.3. Compare and contrast the arrangement of molecules in solids, liquids & gases4. Compare and contrast the energy and motion of molecules in solids, liquids & gases
  5. 5. Language ObjectivesAfter this lesson I should be able to:1. Read and listen to a lecture and write Cornell notes.2. Watch a video and write the main ideas.3. Write a list of common solids,liquids and gases.
  6. 6. NotesStates ofMatter
  7. 7. Question 1: What states (phases) canmatter exist in?
  8. 8. What states (forms) can matter exist in?I. Matter can exist in 3 states or phases: solids, liquids, gases. solids liquids gases
  9. 9. Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat four states canmatter exist in?
  10. 10. Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat four states canmatter exist in? Matter can exist as asolid, liquid, gas, or plasma.
  11. 11. What states (phases) can matter exist in?A. The arrangement of atoms and molecules is different in solids, liquids and gases. liquids gases
  12. 12. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe arrangement of atomsand molecules in solidsliquids and gases is A. the same B. different
  13. 13. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe arrangement of atomsand molecules in solidsliquids and gases is A. the same B. different
  14. 14. What states (phases) can matter exist in?B. Solids, liquids and gases contain different amounts of energy. energy energy solids liquids gases
  15. 15. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe amount of energy insolids liquids and gases is A. different B. the same
  16. 16. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe amount of energy insolids liquids and gases is A. different B. the same
  17. 17. Question 2:What are theproperties of solids?
  18. 18. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?II. Solids have their own shapes and sizes. Solids have their own shape and size.
  19. 19. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat are the shapes ofthe solid objects in yoursamples?
  20. 20. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareWhat are the shapes ofthe solid objects in yoursamples? cylinder, rectangular block, circular disc
  21. 21. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  22. 22. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  23. 23. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases ShapeSize/Volume Volume (size)
  24. 24. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shapeSize/Volume Volume (size)
  25. 25. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. do not have a shape B. have a shape
  26. 26. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. do not have a shape B. have a shape
  27. 27. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?A. The size and volume of a solid does not change unless the solid changes.
  28. 28. States of Matter Exploration Exploring the Properties of Solids
  29. 29. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareDo the sizes of the objectschange when placed indifferent size containers?
  30. 30. Lab Exploration Think-Write-Group-ShareDo the sizes of the objectschange when placed indifferent size containers? No.
  31. 31. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  32. 32. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shape VolumeSize/Volume (size)
  33. 33. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Shape Have shape VolumeSize/Volume Volume stays (size) the same
  34. 34. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe volume (size) of solids A. does not change indifferent containers. B. changes with thecontainer.
  35. 35. Think-Write-Group-ShareThe volume (size) of solids A. does not change indifferent containers. B. changes in differentcontainers.
  36. 36. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?B. Solids do NOT take the shapes of their containers. Solids do NOT take the shapes of their containers.
  37. 37. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  38. 38. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  39. 39. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Whathappens whenplaced in acontainer
  40. 40. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases What Do not takehappens the shape of the container. whenplaced in acontainer
  41. 41. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. take the shape of thecontainer. B. do not take the shape ofthe container.
  42. 42. Think-Write-Group-ShareSolids A. take the shape of thecontainer. B. do not take the shape ofthe container.
  43. 43. Question 3:How are atomsand molecules arranged in a solid?
  44. 44. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?III. Atoms and molecules are close together in solids. Atoms or molecules are close together in a solid. solids
  45. 45. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  46. 46. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  47. 47. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases How arethe atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  48. 48. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Atoms close together and How are touching.the atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  49. 49. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Atoms close together and How are touching.the atoms andmoleculesarranged?
  50. 50. Think-Write-Group-ShareAtoms and molecules in solidsare A. close together and touching. B. very very far apart.C. have space between them.
  51. 51. Think-Write-Group-ShareAtoms and molecules in solidsare A. close together and touching. B. very very far apart.C. have space between them.
  52. 52. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?A. The atoms/molecules can not move around freely in solids. solids Atoms or molecules can not move freely
  53. 53. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?B. Atoms and molecules in solids vibrate. Atoms or molecules vibrate in solids solids. solids
  54. 54. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  55. 55. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  56. 56. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases How dothe atoms andmolecules move?
  57. 57. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Do not move. Only vibrate. How dothe atoms andmolecules move?
  58. 58. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow do atoms and moleculesmove in solids? A. They move around freely. B. They move fast, hit each otherand the sides of the container.C. They can only vibrate.
  59. 59. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow do atoms and moleculesmove in solids? A. They move around freely. B. They move fast, hit each otherand the sides of the container.C. They can only vibrate.
  60. 60. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a solid?C. Atoms/molecules in solids have very little energy to make them move. e e n n e e r r g g Solids y y have low solids energy solids
  61. 61. Class Work Question 1: Class Activity: What are States of Matter asteroids? Graphic Organizer
  62. 62. States of MatterGraphic Organizer Page 63
  63. 63. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Amount of Energy
  64. 64. States of Matter Graphic Organizer States of Matter Graphic OrganizerProperties Solids Liquids Gases Amount Low of Energy. Energy
  65. 65. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow much energy do atoms andmolecules have in solids? A. high energy B. low energyC. medium energy
  66. 66. Think-Write-Group-ShareHow much energy do atoms andmolecules have in solids? A. high energy B. low energyC. medium energy

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