CST Review Part 1

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CST Review Part 1

  1. 1. CST AnswerBoard ReviewPart 1
  2. 2. CST ReviewStatesof Matter
  3. 3. BrainPopStates of MatterBrain Pop
  4. 4. BrainPopMatter ChangingStatesBrain Pop
  5. 5. States of MatterGraphic OrganizerPage 63
  6. 6. 23CST Review Questions
  7. 7. How are atoms and molecules arranged in a gas?Movement of MoleculessolidsenergyenergyliquidsenergygasesVibrateMoveFreelyMove FastHit Things
  8. 8. 23CST Review Questions
  9. 9. 23CST Review Questions
  10. 10. CST Review Questions40
  11. 11. How do substances change states (phases)?Atoms & molecules are arrangeddifferently in solids, liquids, & gases.liquidssolids gasesenergy energyCloseTogetherSpaceBetweenVery FarApart
  12. 12. CST Review Questions40
  13. 13. CST Review Questions40
  14. 14. CST ReviewAcids & Basesand pH
  15. 15. BrainPopAcids and BasesBrain Pop
  16. 16. Copyright Richards 2009Class WorkPage 59Study
  17. 17. 41CST Review Questions
  18. 18. 41CST Review Questions
  19. 19. How can substances be classified?BasesAcids Neutral1. Has pH1 - pH62. Turns litmus red3. Tastes sour1. Has pH72. Does not changelitmus1. Has pH8 - pH142. Turns litmus blue3. Tastes bitter
  20. 20. 41CST Review Questions
  21. 21. CST Review Questions41
  22. 22. CST ReviewAstronomy
  23. 23. Copyright Richards 2009Class Work
  24. 24. Copyright Richards 2009Class Work
  25. 25. CST Review Questions36
  26. 26. I. Comets arechunks of iceand dust withlong, narrowelliptical orbits.What are comets?
  27. 27. What are comets?1. Comets have a solid nucleusmade of frozen ice, gas anddust.
  28. 28. CST Review Questions36
  29. 29. CST Review Questions36
  30. 30. CST Review Questions32
  31. 31. 1. The types of galaxies are:What are the types of galaxies?Spiral Galaxies Elliptical Galaxies Irregular Galaxies
  32. 32. CST Review Questions32
  33. 33. CST Review Questions35
  34. 34. Stars are the ONLY things inthe universe that give offlight.How are stars classified?
  35. 35. CST Review Questions35
  36. 36. CST Review Questions35
  37. 37. CST Review Questions34
  38. 38. Astronomical Units measure thedistances between planets andthe Sun in our Solar System.What units are used to measure distance of space objects?Sun
  39. 39. Light-years are used formeasuring the distances of starsand galaxies.What units are used to measure distance of space objects?
  40. 40. CST Review Questions34
  41. 41. CST Review Questions34
  42. 42. CST Review Questions33
  43. 43. A. Galaxies can contain from a fewbillion to trillions of stars..What is a galaxy?
  44. 44. CST Review Questions33
  45. 45. CST ReviewElementsand thePeriodic Table
  46. 46. BrainPopMetalsBrain Pop
  47. 47. MetalsNon-MetalsMetalloidsWhat is HydrogenDoing Here?Hydrogen belongsin Group 1.It was put herebecause Hydrogenis a non-metal.Metals Non-Metals Metalloids Foldable Page 30Study
  48. 48. In which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 4CST Review Questions27
  49. 49. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?8 Elements form a dividing line betweenmetals and nonmetals.What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?dividing linePo
  50. 50. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?These elements are called metalloids.What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?metalloidsPo
  51. 51. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?Most of the elements in the periodictable are metals to the left of the line.MetalsPo
  52. 52. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?The elements to the right of the zigzagare Non-metals.Non-metalsPo
  53. 53. CST Review QuestionsIn which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 427
  54. 54. CST Review QuestionsIn which region of the tablewould nonmetals be found?A 1B 2C 3D 427
  55. 55. Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic Organizer Page 27671234567123 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1213 14 15 16 1718
  56. 56. Analyzing the Periodic Table Graphic OrganizerPage 271AlkaliMetals2AlkalineEarthMetals3-12TransitionMetals13BoronFamily14CarbonFamily15NitrogenFamily16OxygenFamily17Halogens18Inertor NobleGases
  57. 57. CST Review Questions26
  58. 58. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?The inert (noble) gases are the elements inGroup 18 of the periodic table.What are the noble (inert) gases?SiliconInert Gases
  59. 59. CST Review QuestionsFALSE26
  60. 60. What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?.Non-metalsPometalloidsMetals
  61. 61. CST Review QuestionsFALSETRUE26
  62. 62. E-Review Question 1 ExplanationThe number of protons of an element iscalled the atomic number.CarbonOxygen6 protonsAtomic Number = 68 protonsAtomic Number = 8Hydrogen1 protonAtomic Number = 1
  63. 63. How many protons do atoms have?1. Atomic numbers are the smallernumbers on the periodic table.C6Carbon12Atomic Number(smaller number on chart)
  64. 64. How many protons do atoms have?All elements have DIFFERENTatomic numbers.C6Carbon12Atomic Number(smaller number on chart)
  65. 65. CST Review QuestionsFALSETRUEFALSE26
  66. 66. CST Review Questions26
  67. 67. Metal Nonmetal Metalloid FoldableStudyPage31
  68. 68. CST Review Questions29
  69. 69. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  70. 70. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumV. Metals are identified by their physicalproperties.
  71. 71. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:1. ShininessMetals are shiny.
  72. 72. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:2. HardnessMetals are hard.
  73. 73. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:3. MalleableMetals can be poundedinto different shapes.
  74. 74. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:4. DuctileMetals can be madeinto a wire.
  75. 75. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:5. Conduct HeatMetals conduct heat.
  76. 76. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:6. Conduct ElectricityMetals conductelectricity.
  77. 77. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:7. Solids at room temperatureMost metals are solids.(Mercury is the only liquid metal)
  78. 78. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties of metals are:8. High Melting TemperatureMetals have high meltingtemperatures.
  79. 79. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?Non-metals have very few of thecharacteristics of metals.NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine
  80. 80. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine1. Gases atRoomTemperatureSomeNon-metalsare gases.
  81. 81. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine2. Solids atRoomTemperatureSomeNon-metalsare solids.
  82. 82. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine3. Liquid atRoomTemperatureBromine isthe only liquidNon-metal
  83. 83. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine4. Low BoilingPointMostNon-metalsboil at a lowtemperature.
  84. 84. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine5. DullMostNon-metalsare dull notshiny.
  85. 85. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine6. BrittleMostNon-metalswill break ifyou hammeror pull them.
  86. 86. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine7. PoorConductorsNon-metalsdo notconduct heator electricity.
  87. 87. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the general types of elements in the periodic table?Boron (B)Silicon (Si)Germanium (Ge)Arsenic (As)Antimony (Sb)Tellurium (Te)Astatine (At)MetalloidsMetalloids
  88. 88. 1. Properties ofMetals and NonMetalsMetalloids have someof the properties ofmetals andnonmetalsHow are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?Metalloids have some of the properties ofmetals and nonmetals.What are the characteristics of Metalloids?MetalloidsBoron AntimonySilicon
  89. 89. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?They are semiconductors.What are the characteristics of Metalloids?MetalloidsBoron AntimonySilicon2. SemiconductorsMetalloids conductelectricity at differenttemperatures andexposures to light.
  90. 90. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  91. 91. CST Review Questions(metalloids)29
  92. 92. CST Review Questions30
  93. 93. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics of non-metalsare:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine8. Low MeltingTemperaturesNon-metalsmelt at lowtemperatures.
  94. 94. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties of metals are:8. High Melting TemperatureMetals have high meltingtemperatures.
  95. 95. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of Non-metals?A. Some of the physical characteristics ofnon-metals are:NitrogenCarbonIodineNon-metalsOxygenBromine7. PoorConductorsNon-metalsdo notconduct heator electricity.
  96. 96. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:5. Conduct HeatMetals conduct heat.
  97. 97. How are electrons, protons and neutrons arranged in the atom?What are the characteristics of metals?MetalsSilverGoldCopperPlatinumA. Some of the physical properties ofmetals are:6. Conduct ElectricityMetals conductelectricity.
  98. 98. CST Review Questions30
  99. 99. CST Review Questions30
  100. 100. CST ReviewForces
  101. 101. BrainPopForceBrain Pop
  102. 102. Force Graphic Organizer Page 85
  103. 103. Special Forces Graphic Organizer Page 87
  104. 104. CST Review Questions
  105. 105. How is force described?II. Force has a strength(magnitude) and adirection.
  106. 106. CST Review Questions
  107. 107. CST Review Questions
  108. 108. CST Review Questions
  109. 109. How do forces add and subtract?A. Forces pushing or pullingin the same direction add.+These forces add.1 N right1 N right
  110. 110. How do forces add and subtract?B. Forces pushing or pullingin opposite directionssubtract.These forces subtract sothe box doesn’t move._1 N right 1 N left
  111. 111. CST Review Questions
  112. 112. CST Review Questions
  113. 113. CST Review Questions
  114. 114. CST Review Questions
  115. 115. CST Review Questions
  116. 116. CST Review Questions.5cm = 2N
  117. 117. CST Review Questions3.0 cm ?0.5 cm = 2N
  118. 118. CST Review Questions3.0 cm 12N0.5 cm = 2N
  119. 119. CST Review Questions3.0 cm 12N3.5 cm?0.5 cm = 2N
  120. 120. CST Review Questions0.5 cm = 2N3.0 cm 12N3.5 cm 14N
  121. 121. CST Review Questions.5cm = 2N3.0 cm = 12N3.5 cm = 14 N
  122. 122. CST Review Questions.5cm = 2N3.0 cm = 12N3.5 cm = 14 N
  123. 123. CST Review Questions
  124. 124. CST Review Questions_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  125. 125. CST Review Questions_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  126. 126. CST Review Questions_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________What willmake youhave to pushharder?
  127. 127. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?
  128. 128. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?less friction?
  129. 129. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?mass ?
  130. 130. VIII. When an object has moremass, it requires a greaterforce to make it move.How does mass affect force?500 N RightBooks = 800 kg5 N RightLeaves = 8 kg
  131. 131. A. If something is heavier, youhave to push harder to moveit.How does mass affect force?Mass of Feathers= 1 kgMass of Bricks= 1000 kg2000 N Right2 N RightDistance moved = 5 feet
  132. 132. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?harder or easier to push?
  133. 133. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?easier to pushharder to push
  134. 134. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?less friction?easier to pushharder to push
  135. 135. XII. Friction is a force whichslows down or stops anobject’s motion.What is Friction?50 N RightForce of friction of thewheels on the road20 N LeftForce of the Boypedaling hisbicycle forward.
  136. 136. A. Friction always goes in theopposite direction of the forcecausing the motion.What is Friction?40 N Right190 N LeftFriction slowingdown motionForce causingmotion
  137. 137. B. Friction is caused by objectsor materials rubbing againsteach other.What is Friction?Friction of Airrubbing against anairplane.Friction ofwheels on theroadFriction of metal on snow.Friction ofhands rubbingtogether.
  138. 138. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?harder or easier to push?easier to pushharder to push
  139. 139. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?easier to pushharder to pusheasier to pusheasier to push
  140. 140. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?harder to push
  141. 141. CST Review QuestionsWhat willmake youhave to pushharder?
  142. 142. CST Review Questions
  143. 143. CST Review Questions
  144. 144. Buoyant ForcesConsider This
  145. 145. XI. Buoyancy is the force of aliquid pushing up on anobject.What are buoyant forces?Buoyant Force ofwater pushes up.
  146. 146. A. Buoyant force is equal togravity when an object floats.What are buoyant forces?Buoyant Force ofwater pushes up.Force of Gravitypushes down.
  147. 147. A. Buoyant force is equal togravity when an object floats.What are buoyant forces?Buoyant Force ofwater pushes up.Force of Gravitypushes down.
  148. 148. B. When an object is flat,Buoyancy is greater becausethe liquid pushes up against alarger surface area.What are buoyant forces?Buoyant Forces ofliquid push up.

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