Rebecca Francisco Portfolio


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Rebecca Francisco Portfolio

  1. 1. Rebecca R. Francisco Design Portfolio B.S. in Landscape Architecture Cornell University
  2. 2. if education is a journey, let me spin you the yarn of mine When I decided to pursue a career as a landscape architect, I had one inten- tion. I had a love for design and the built environment, as well as a love for nature and human habitation.Yet these were only the supports for my inten- if education is a journey, tion. I pursued the profession of Landscape Architecture in order to ingen- der respect for the places and environments we inhabit. I wanted to create a let me spin you the yarn of mine harmony between people and their environments. I wanted to design Sus- tainably. I knew my pursuit was not novel.Yet, I did not expect the language of my intentions to age so quickly from buzzword to trite and cliché. Despite how misused the language of a philosophy can become, the power of conviction is not easily cast aside. I found through the course of my educa- tion that the ideal of “sustainability” had lost much of its meaning because it if education is a journey, had become separated from its defining principles. These defining principles were the real pursuit, the engine that drove my design process. let me spin you the yarn of m ·Hone integrity by creating designs that will last; designs that are appropri- ate for the location given its heritage, and environmental constraints. ·Address the Genius Loci by evoking an emotional sense of place and spiri- tual sense of greater interconnectedness. if education is a journ ·Reveal the presence and character of the natural environment. let me spin you the ya ·Recognize the existing investment people have in the place, and address their emotional and physical needs for well-being and identity. In the course of my education I have aimed to uphold these principles. The following images and text recount the journey I took. if education i let me spin y
  3. 3. Community Design The Design Program Riverfront Revitalization Change-Relocate The theme of this design is health of the commuinty, its people and the environment. The plan evolved within the restrictions of the Change/Relocate criterion. This criterion holds the middle ground between site remediation and site re-creation. To improve the health of the community elements on the site were moved or remodeled in a The Community Design studio was thourough revitalization of the space. an intense semester long outreach and The River Health The Chenango River on the North Side of Binghamton is the design project divided into three parts. major identifying feature of the community. Through the The first involved rallying the commu- process of urbanization the river's character was changed. The once soft riparian edges were leveed and channelized, and the    nity, connecting to stakeholder groups river virtually cut off from the community by 20+ foot walls. and learning from them what they Therefore, the major focus of this revitalization plan is to renature the river, and to connect the people once again to the needed and wanted for their neighbor- natural environment. Ecorevelatory water elements were  hood. added including the terraces, channels, ponds and stream. These elements serve the function of filtering, revealing, The primary goals of this stage were storing, and naturalizing the storm water coming into and to educate ourselves and the commu- running out of the site. Plantings in the terraces, stream and  nity, and to build trust. We researched along the pond provide aesthetic appeal, habitat for wild life, and phytoremediation of the toxins and heat in the urban the historical, ecological, sociological runoff. All elements are structured to encourage exploration of and economic forces existing in the these elements so their ecological functions reveal themselves Areas of increased water and water dependent habitat Areas of increased vegetation and open green space to visitors, thus fostering a closer relationship between the community. We then designed tools to community and it's environment. communicate our research to our Health and Prosperity The key to revitalizing the North Side community is instilling a stakeholder groups. Examples of these sense of indentity, pride and belonging in the residents of this tools include the board displaying water neighborhood. To increase this sentiment various richly characterized activity nodes were designed that will foster a issues: permeability and flood control   sense of belonging. Public plaza and market spaces are measures. Two pages from a power distributed throughout the site. They provide not only necessities for residents and visitor appeal, but are places where point presentation are show this project neighbors can meet and greet, and where commuinty from the perspective of a greater ownership is nurtured. whole. This presentation was designed More prominent than the markets and plazas are the public recreational spaces that will fill the commuinty. With a great to provide inspiration and hope by number of families, schools, and retired individuals, the North explaining other federally funded Side is in dire need of places for both sporting competions and leisurely activities. projects that have already been devel- water issues research board The BMX/skateboarding tent, the indoor soccer/fitness center, oped on other parts of the river. little league baseball field, basketball courts, pool, parks,   gardens, ampitheatre, and various trails will provide these The next stage involved preliminary spaces for competition, congregation, and relaxation. These designs developed over the course of Retail shops, either big name commercial of locally owned    ammentities will also be valuable in drawing visitors in from the surrounding areas. Areas of increased recreational programming several community design charrettes. The design goals Community Safety were established through com- It is important for a vibrant commuinty to be not only healthful, but safe. Increasing activites in the district will munity feedback. increase the number and type of users of the space. This is good For the final presentation for commuinty vitality, but raises safety issues. The increase in activites means more users, which means less isolation, and, we sent out mass mailings of potentially, greater personal safety. However, increased traffic    postcards announcing the means additional safety ammenities must be provided for these users. date, time, and itinerary for The interaction of people and cars is a big issue for this space the final community meeting. with all the crossing of paths and mixing of pedestrian and vehicular zones. Just as the water was redirected, so will We designed t-shirts and facili- pedestrain and car traffic be directed in a similar, lively fashion.    tated a screen printing station, Crosswalks are included at all intersections of roads and paths. gave away lawn and garden precedents on river As shown to the right, they may be brightly colored, or made of various pavements and materials that will slow vehicular traffic. door prizes, and discussed our final For example, the water channels on the site also serve the designs with the stakeholders once added functions of slowing car traffic, delineating car paths, and     serving as crosswalks. more. Motor vehicles add vibrancy to urban sites. With clear Areas of mixed pedestrian and vehicular use The final design program is displayed postcard Areas of vehicular use delineation of bounds and conduct, this vibrancy is harnessed Areas of pedestrian use and the interest of the space is increased. to the right. Outreach and Education Charettes medium: Adobe Illustrator
  4. 4. Paris Defining the Edge The site in Paris straddles the Periph- erique, the highway that took the place of the old city wall, at the Port de Lilas. It is, not only a site with urban design needs, but also one with edge issues. The diagram in the top left is a vector walk analysis. Walking from one point on the west side of the peripherique, crossing the traffic circle, to terminate at another point on the east side, it maps the experience of the transition. What is shows is the hodge podge of typologies that exist, from rauscously loud, alienating and dangerous traffic circles, to quaint peaceful residential communities. This discontinuity gave the site a disjointed feel, and com- pounded its feeling of un-inhabitability. The west half of the site is four blocks of army barracks surrounded by a 12’ wall topped with spikes. The east side is a no-man’s-land of parks department equipment yards and an enclosed circus. The initial design makes connections through from west side to east side, and reclaims some of the land for vibrant community life and much needed civic space. In the preliminary design, the Haussman precedent was used to cut vistas through the site. However, all of the existing historic buildings and walls were retained, and incorporated into the design. Old exists with new and elements, such as the wall and traffic circle, are desconstructed to serve as a palimpsest of the past.The precedent of deconstruction, as studied at Parc de La Villette, was the tool by which the space was opened up, while retaining the elements that give the site character.
  5. 5. Paris Urban Edge Design The final design is a scaffolding. It provides a structure on which the fabric of the neighborhood can be recon- nected, with a language of deconstruc- tion for guidance. The final design was carried out in model form. The existing 18th century buildings are represented in the stained, rectilinear balsa wood forms. The modern existing buildings are represented in white foam core. Finally the proposed buildings are represented in corrugated plastic and transparency sheets, with some use of unstained balsa. The design is structured around view corridors: the scaffolding. The corridors bypass the existing 18th century build- ings, and emphasize views along them. Along these view axis are constructed three light use bridges that connect west to east. View corridors also serve to draw flows north to the re- established traditional gateway: the Port de Lilas. To reclaim pedestrian space and to create a sense of intimacy and safety, the traffic circle was taken out and replaced by a traditional straight intersection. Proposed buildings act as a palimpsest of the old circle and re-form the traditional gateway. Proposed buildings and spaces take their form from the view corridors. Buildings and trees emphasize view lines, while conforming to a language of deconstruction. From west to east the density of buildings decreases while the transparency and lightness of the buildings increases. From east to west the density of open space decreases returning the conversation. The West side, the city side, houses a mixed use of residential, service and office space. The east side, in proximity to lower density houses, provides medium: model of balsa wood, card board and corrugated plastic garden and recreation space.
  6. 6. Charles River Park CRJA, Associates The Charles River Park project is one of the parks commissioned by the Big Dig. While working at CRJA I had the privaledge to work on the Con- struction and final presentation docu- ments for this large, complex park. The park is intended for a diverse set of users and includes: river front multi-use paths and foot bridges, ball courts, and lawns and gardens. The main feature of the park is a sculptural underbridge environment. The linear- forms of this space mirror the forms of the bridge above, while new elements are added in contrast to the lines dictated by the bridge. Found materials and new materials intermingle in unique ways in the paving, walls, and rebuilt seawall. The grapics on this page were prepared for a presentation to the parks commision. The colored areas denote the designed portions of the park. The base for the illustration was prepared in AutoCad and Adobe Photoshop was used for the rendering.
  7. 7. Charles River Park CRJA, Associates My part in the Charles River Project was to prepare the Construction Details for the park. Of this 26 page portion of the CDs, I have included a few details to illustrate the unique challenges of the site. The first detail, number 13, shows a pavement interface. Throughout the underbridge environment there are several ubrupt changes in pavement type, often involving subsurface condi- tion changes as well. For each pavement type and interface, a detail was created to ensure its integrity. This detail shows a granite paver with a 8” concrete base meeting a 4” bituminous concrete. The sloped approach slab adds support to the adjoiing pavement and prevents it from subsiding. The cast-in-place concrete retaining walls flank the concrete walks as they pass through the sloped fields of granite pavers. Two concrete bridge abutments can be seen in the accompanying part plan. Around these are subsurface concrete footers. Several sections of these walls passed over these footers, and required different details depending on the height of the adjoining pave- ment. Two of these conditions are shown at right. In several areas throughout the site, found materials are reused. One such area is surrounding an approach ramp to a pedestrian bridge. Recycled granite blocks from the old seawall act as a retaining wall as they step down to meet the adjoining grade. The condition at the seawall was one of the most complex elements to detail. To maintain a straight walkway and not encraoch on the high water elevation, several methods were used. This detail shows a cantilevered walkway over a retaining wall, on existing rip rap.
  8. 8. Site Engineering Site Grading The first project is a site grading project. The design was for a Friend’s meeting house. This group needed a space with a large congregation area, classrooms, and kitchen space. The site is very steep, and had to accommodate the meetinghouse as well as space for forty or so cars. Also, on the right hand side of the site is a conservation area that could not be disturbed. My project proposed a redesign of the building. The building designed by the architect was a two story structure that would need to be half buried, and much of the site stabilized by retaining walls. The re-design allowed for all of the main structure and meeting rooms to remain above ground. The building acts as a retaining wall with the base- ment level of classrooms and kitchen open to a woodland patio. medium: pen on vellum Road Allignment medium: pencil on vellum
  9. 9. Site Construction Rooftop Garden This project is a two level, rooftop garden. The design uses several tech- nologies to keep the aesthetic afloat.  Syrstone foam boards enable the pavers to “float” on top of the roof. Electrical wires and irrigation pipes are run through the foam. Grooves in the bottom of the foam allow water to drain into the 3 floor drains. Four planters rest on snowshoes of I-beams that distribute the weight of the planters across the roof to existing architectural walls. The planters, stairs and seat walls are constructed of wood with concrete board facades clipped on. All planting beds use Solite soil mix. Sedums are the primary plant material, while small shrubs and dwarf crab apples add more substantial structure. Louis Poulsen Weebee lights bring a twinkling illumination to the space. These are set into the planting boxes, seat wall, and paving border. Four benches, constructed of wood blocks with concrete coping on top, are set into the paving. Finally, aluminum rails run along the ledges. These rails are set on a concrete coping which retains the planting beds. The style of the rail is derived from the art deco style of the building the garden is set upon. The following images are a selection of the design details prepared. All design was completed in AutoCAD 2004. medium: AutoCAD
  10. 10.                                                                                              
  11. 11. Geographic Information Data Type Data Source Process Systems Watersheds Map NYS GAP Found out what watersheds were included in the greater watershed from Cayuga Lake Watershed Network website, selected, and exported the data. For my final project in GIS I took on For the single watershed boundary: added a field titled a bioregional study of the Cayuga Basin Basin Boundary NYS GAP location to the attribute table with a value of 0 for all subwatersheds, and merged based on this field. Bioregion; the bioregion Cornell lies within. A bioregion is an area constitut- Counties Map NYS GAP Selected those that intersect with the Cayuga Basin, and exported the data ing a natural ecological community with characteristic flora, fauna, and Towns Map NYS GAP Selected those that intersect with the Cayuga Basin, and exported the data environmental conditions and bounded Clipped the data to the border of the Cayuga Basin using by natural rather than artificial borders. Ecozones Map NYS GAP Geoprocessing Wizard I wanted to explore, in depth, the Clipped the data to the border of the Cayuga Basin using bioregion I had been living in, and the Geology Map NYS GAP Geoprocessing Wizard implications of taking a bioregional Clipped the data to the border of the Cayuga Basin using STATSGO for NYS approach when dealing with planning Soils Map from CUGIR Geoprocessing Wizard, and sybolized using the prime farmland layer (primfml). issues. I explored many factors, utilizing a variety of resources and methods for Hydrology Map CUGIR Hydrographs for 6 counties Merged the data for the 6 layers together and clipped to the Basin Boundary using Geoprocessing Wizard manipulating and symbolizing the data I obtained. On this page are a selection of USGS DEM (from Used spatial analyst to place an analysis mask on the Cayuga Basin, and Raster Calculator to "clip" the data to CUGIR) for quads: p25, the maps I created. The one of primary Elevation Maps q24-25, r24-27, s24-28, the watershed. Then merged the data using Raster Calculator. Calculated percent of slope , and contours interest is the Buildable vs. Bioregion- t24-29, u25-28, v25-28 from the DEM. ally Valuable Lands map. In this map, I Used spatial analyst to place an analysis mask on the weighed six factors: areas of high Landcover Map NYS GAP Cayuga Basin, and Raster Calculator to "clip" the data to the watershed. species richness, current landuse, agriculturally valuable lands, lands Joined the Species Richness Table to the attribute table Species Richness Otsego Report CRP currently under conservation, percent Map 508 folder for the clipped landcover layer, and used the species richness field to symbolize the map. of slope, and waterway buffers. The resulting map displays the buildable Buildable vs. Hydrology, Prime Farmland, Stewardship, Overlayed the six maps. Areas that should not be built lands in white and the bioregionally Bioregionally Percent of Slope, were blacked out. Areas that could be built with reservation were grayed, and areas that are best for Valuable Land Species Richness and valuable lands in black. Landcover Map building are in white. medium: ArcGIS