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Project based learning - a teaser (2015 05 29) Reuter & Busana

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Project-Based Learning (PBL) is currently one of the big buzz words in education. To some it is like a "magical wand” that transforms everything and turns dull classes into rich and deep learning experiences. Others think that PBL is just a waste of time and that the return on investment is not worth trying.

In order to give you a better understanding of this pedagogical approach, I will (1) define what Project-Based Learning is, (2) what it is not, (3) what scientific research tells us when it works and when it does not work, (4) which educational challenges teachers and students have to face when using PBL in classes and (5) which theories of learning & teaching help us explain and understand why and how PBL works. Finally, I will give you a very personal account of PBL based on my teaching experiences in a higher education setting.

Published in: Education

Project based learning - a teaser (2015 05 29) Reuter & Busana

  1. 1. University of Luxembourg Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA Institute for Applied Educational Sciences Project Based Learning - ATeaser Tackling lack of pupil motivation, risk of school dropout and low basic skill achievement through (European) projects. Luxembourg, Friday 29th May 2015 - eTwinning Contact Seminar
  2. 2. (1) What is PBL? (2) What is PBL not? (3) When does PBL work and when does PBL not work? (4) Which educational challenges teachers and students have to face when using PBL in classes? (5) Which theories of learning & teaching help us explain and understand why and how PBL works? Grounded in very personal accounts of PBL, based on teaching experiences in a higher education setting Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  3. 3. PBL - big buzz word Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 Transforms everything Dull classes => rich and deep learning A waste of time Low return on investment
  4. 4. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL?
  5. 5. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL? EDUTOPIA: An Introduction to Project-Based Learning https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dFySmS9_y_0
  6. 6. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 Buck Institute for Education: Project Based Learning: Explained https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMCZvGesRz8
  7. 7. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 “Project-based learning is a dynamic classroom approach in which students actively explore real-world problems and challenges and acquire a deeper knowledge.” http://www.edutopia.org/ project-based-learning
  8. 8. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 Some impressions from our teacher training programme
  9. 9. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  10. 10. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  11. 11. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  12. 12. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  13. 13. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  14. 14. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  15. 15. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  16. 16. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015
  17. 17. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL not?
  18. 18. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL not?
  19. 19. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL not? What Project Based Learning Isn’t by Jeff Robin, art teacher at High Tech High http://linkis.com/eeH7I
  20. 20. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What is PBL not?
  21. 21. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 When does PBL work?
  22. 22. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 When does PBL work? Correctly understood by teachers Correctly implemented Aware of the results to expect Authentic projects Empowered students Tools available Collaboration End products are valued Teachers can “stand back” Evaluation Criteria “Knowledge sources”High Expectations Make Quality Criteria Explicit Established Culture TRUST! Interdisciplinary Complex Questions
  23. 23. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 When does PBL work? EDUTOPIA: Five Keys to Rigorous Project-Based Learning https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dFySmS9_y_0
  24. 24. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 When does PBL not work?
  25. 25. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 When does PBL not work? Wrong expectations Not enough time Free riders Tasks that allow for jigsaw strategies Too much guidance by teachers Pushing too much towards a perfect end productInadequate evaluation tools Lack of collaboration reduces effects “just for fun” Insufficient understand of the concept Lack of support from school admins/colleagues Contradictions with curriculum MISTRUST Lack of knowledge no references to existing knowledge “Cheating”: mere copy-paste
  26. 26. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What are the challenges?
  27. 27. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 What are the challenges? Think about Evaluation Criteria! Establish a PBL Culture in your Classroom Encourage Students to collaborate Have enough time! Start small! Scale up later! Invite external “visitors” Exchange your experiences with other PBL teachers Find the resources and tools to enable PBL Don’t feel bad about the inherent unpredictability Prepare to change your role as a teacher Keep up High Expectations Matching Curriculum: Learning to Learn vs. Fixed Content PLAGIARISM! Balanced Scaffolding Take your time! Be ready to learn, unlearn, relearn
  28. 28. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 How can we understand PBL?
  29. 29. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 How can we understand PBL? (Intrinsic) Motivation Hands-on Experiences Co-Construction of Knowledge Meaningful Knowledge & Skills Knowledge & Skills in the here-and-now Frustration = Part of Learning & Development Not all students come “prepared” Learning = Doing Learning = Emotions Learning = Social Trust in yourself Self-efficacy feeling Authentic Audiences
  30. 30. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015teacher-centredversusstudent-centredbeliefs(Limetal,2008)
  31. 31. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 How can we understand PBL? Filling vessels Kindling flames
  32. 32. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 Try it! It’s a rewarding experience. Your students might surprise you!
  33. 33. Project Based Learning - A Teaser Robert A.P. REUTER & Gilbert BUSANA - 29/05/2015 Thank you for your attention!

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