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Endocrine SystemTwo Medical SuffixesR. RazoBio 120October 27, 2012
Suffix: -uria (condition of urine)Medical Terms with the –uria suffix:Polyuria – excessive urination• The most common caus...
Polyuria Caused by Diabetes Mellitus• Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of blood glucose  regulation, which results from a d...
Diagram: Polyuria Caused by Type I Diabetes                 Mellitus                Photo source: courses.washington.edu/c...
Other Possible Causes of Polyuria•   Urinary tract infections•   Bladder conditions•   Interstitial cystitis•   Enlarged p...
Other Medical Terms With Suffix -uria• Calciuria – excessive calcium in the urine• Ammoniuria – excessive ammonia in the u...
Suffix:-dipsia(condition of thirst)Medical Term with the –dipsia suffix:Polydipsia – excessive thirst,which may be an indi...
Polydipsia Caused by Diabetes Mellitus• Diabetes Mellitus is primarily a disease of  metabolism. It is caused by the ineff...
Other Medical Conditions that May Cause                Polydipsia• Alsing Syndrome – A syndrome characterized by renal pro...
Other Possible Causes of Polydipsia• A recent salty or spicy meal• Bleeding enough to cause a significant decrease in bloo...
Other Medical Terms With Suffix -dipsia• Hydroadipsia – absence of thirst for water• Oligodipsia – abnormal absence of thi...
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Chapter 11 presentation

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Chapter 11 presentation

  1. 1. Endocrine SystemTwo Medical SuffixesR. RazoBio 120October 27, 2012
  2. 2. Suffix: -uria (condition of urine)Medical Terms with the –uria suffix:Polyuria – excessive urination• The most common cause of excessive urination is diabetes• Including Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and diabetes insipidus…• Why is this? Source: www.livestrong.com/article/10230-treat-excessive-urination
  3. 3. Polyuria Caused by Diabetes Mellitus• Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of blood glucose regulation, which results from a deficiency in the action of the hormone insulin• May be due to autoimmune destruction of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas (type 1) or it may result from a problem in the responsiveness of tissues to insulin, known as insulin resistance (type 2)• The result is hyperglycemia (high levels of glucose in the plasma)
  4. 4. Diagram: Polyuria Caused by Type I Diabetes Mellitus Photo source: courses.washington.edu/conj/bess/polyuria
  5. 5. Other Possible Causes of Polyuria• Urinary tract infections• Bladder conditions• Interstitial cystitis• Enlarged prostrate• Benign prostate hypertrophy• Poorly controlled diabetes Source: www.rightdiagnosis.com/symptoms/polyuria
  6. 6. Other Medical Terms With Suffix -uria• Calciuria – excessive calcium in the urine• Ammoniuria – excessive ammonia in the urine• Oliguria - decreased urine production. Can be caused by hydration due to vomiting; can also be one of the earliest signs of renal failure• Anuria – Complete absence of urine production; a symptom of kidney failure Source: Livestrong.com/polyuria
  7. 7. Suffix:-dipsia(condition of thirst)Medical Term with the –dipsia suffix:Polydipsia – excessive thirst,which may be an indication ofdiabetes Photo source: ooiguoxuan.blogspot.com
  8. 8. Polydipsia Caused by Diabetes Mellitus• Diabetes Mellitus is primarily a disease of metabolism. It is caused by the inefficient production of insulin by the beta cells in the pancreas, leading to increased levels of glucose (hyperglycemia) in the blood. This causes polydipsia. The increase in thirst is due to the dehydration caused by the polyuria
  9. 9. Other Medical Conditions that May Cause Polydipsia• Alsing Syndrome – A syndrome characterized by renal problems, optic complications and skeletal abnormalities may also trigger polyuria and polydipsia, due to the renal complications involved• Anxiety – May induce or reduce the blood pressure, causing one to feel increasingly thirsty• Cushing Syndrome – It is a disorder that results due to the body’s exposure to high levels of cortisol that may either be produced normally or may be induced by steroids. This causes skin problems, sexual problems, and other problems within which fall polydipsia and polyuria. Source: www.primehealthchannel.com/polydipsia
  10. 10. Other Possible Causes of Polydipsia• A recent salty or spicy meal• Bleeding enough to cause a significant decrease in blood volume• Certain drugs (examples: anticholinergics, demeclocycline, diuretics, phenothiazines• Excessive loss of water and salt (could be due to not drinking enough water, diarrhea, vomiting, or profuse sweating) Source: www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus
  11. 11. Other Medical Terms With Suffix -dipsia• Hydroadipsia – absence of thirst for water• Oligodipsia – abnormal absence of thirst

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