33 part 4-earthsoft-water - pollution-industrial issue


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Let us make earth little softer..

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  • generations to meet their own needs
  • 33 part 4-earthsoft-water - pollution-industrial issue

    1. 1. Making earth little softerEarthsoft Foundation of GuidanceEdge-Aggressive-Reliable-Trust-Honesty-Soft-Obedient-Fun-Transparent
    2. 2. Making earth little softerEarthsoft Foundation of Guidance (EFG) has uploaded followingpresentations at http://myefg.in/downloads.aspxBe mentor using your education, knowledge & experience tocontribute for a social cause & do conduct free training seekinghelp of existing platforms. Kindly share with your friends•Motivation for higher study, Planning for study, Educationguidance, Career guidance, Career available after SSC & HSC•Personality development – 3 files•How to prepare resume, Tips to attend interview successfully•Religion related –To understand basic religion, Do & Don’t tips•Health related - Be vegetarian, Be healthy, Manage health•Corporate - Project management, Assertiveness, Ownership,Effective communication, Leadership, Be entrepreneur•Finance - To avoid speculation in stock market•Social - Women empowerment, Choosing life partner, conflictresolution, stop ragging, stop alcohol, snakebite treatmentAbout us
    3. 3. Making earth little softer• Water Pollution – Industry related• Data• Industrial Scenario : India• SMEs, Advantages of SMEs• Heavily polluting industries• Current environment issues• Environmental problems• Development vs environment• Causes of industrial pollution• Changes in environment• Industry concerns• Be competitiveIndex
    4. 4. Making earth little softerIndustryINDIAN INDUSTRY – MANUFACTORY SUBSECTORSFood products Paper & products Basic metalsBeverage &TobaccoLeather &productsNon electricalmachineryTextiles Rubber Metal productsCotton Textiles Food product JuteElectricalmachineryPetroleum & CoalproductsTransportequipmentOther TextileProductsChemicals ManufacturingProductsWood & WoodenproductsNon metallicmineralsPlastics products
    5. 5. Making earth little softerHeavily polluting industriesHeavily polluting industrial sectorsCement AluminumSmeltersPesticidesCopperSmeltersDyes & dyeintermediatesThermal PowerplantsIron & Steel Distilleries TanneriesFertilizers Pulp & Paper SugarZinc Smelters Pharmaceuticals Bulk DrugsOil Refineries Petrochemicals
    6. 6. Making earth little softerPollution due to Industries• Total wastewater generated from all majorindustrial sources (83, 048 MLD)• Cooling water (66, 700 MLD) from power plants• Process water from industries• The first largest contributor is thermal powerplant (16, 348 MLD)• The second largest contributor is engineeringindustries.• Major polluting industries are electroplating units
    7. 7. Making earth little softerPollution due to Industries• Other significant contributors are Paper Mills,Steel Plants, Textile Industries, Sugar Industries.• The major contributors of organic pollution aredistilleries followed by Paper Mills, Sugar andTannery industries.
    8. 8. Making earth little softerPollution due to Industries• The contributors of chemical pollution aredivided into 2 categories.• Those which generate high TDS bearing wastes(eg Pharmaceuticals, rayon, chemicals, causticsoda, soap and detergents)
    9. 9. Making earth little softerPollution due to Industries• Those which generate toxic wastes (egpesticides, organic & inorganic chemicals, steelplants, pharmaceutical tanneries)• Steel plants and oil refineries are majorcontributors of phenol.• Engineering industries contribute maximumamount of oil and grease followed by oilrefineries• The major contributors of ammonia pollution arefertiliser plants followed by steel plants.
    10. 10. Making earth little softerData• Population : 1080 Millions• Population growth rate : 1.4%• Industrial Production growth rate : 8.2%• Sustainable development - Development thatmeets need of present without compromisingability of future
    11. 11. Making earth little softerIndustrial Scenario : India• 15000 large scale industries• 3 million SMEs• Export earnings (approx) 35%• Employment generation more than 15 million• Industrial complexes growing rapidly• (1000 complexes in 11 states, 30% built duringlast 10 years)
    12. 12. Making earth little softerSMEs• 3.1 Million SMEs compared to 7500 large-scale.• Rs.5275 Billion Production.• 5% Export earnings.• 15 Million people employment.
    13. 13. Making earth little softerAdvantages of SMEs• Low Capital Requirement• Low Production Cost• High Labour Employment Potential.
    14. 14. Making earth little softerCurrent environment issues• Deforestation• Soil Erosion• Air Pollution• Water Pollution• Huge & Growing Population.• Overstraining of Natural Resources.
    15. 15. Making earth little softerEnvironmental problems• Depletion of Natural Resources• Large Scale contamination of GW & SWresources• Deteriorating Air Quality• Decrease in forest cover and bio-diversity• Indiscriminate waste disposal• Escalating health costs• Environmental Management Hierarchy• Ignore the Problem (dump)• Dilute & Disperse• Regulate & Control• Prevent
    16. 16. Making earth little softerDevelopment vs environment• To get where we are today, we have lost somuch of our natural resources & beauty.• What will be there for the next generation oreven after 50 years hence?
    17. 17. Making earth little softerCauses of industrial pollution• Outdated, inefficient Technologies.• Large number of Industrial Clusters.• Large number of SMEs• Poor Enforcement of Pollution Controlregulations• Lack of Resources• Mentality of non-compliances
    18. 18. Making earth little softerChanges in environment• Increased public awareness.• Inclusion of CP/WM as EnvironmentalProtection Measure in Environment Policystatement by MOEF (1992).
    19. 19. Making earth little softerIndustry concerns• Compliance with government regulations• Minimizing consumption of resources toenhance profitability• Safety of employees and others
    20. 20. Making earth little softerBe competitive• Reduce Production Cost• Improve Quality of Product• Conserve Environment• Increase Profitability• Be competitive
    21. 21. Making earth little softerThank You
    22. 22. Making earth little softerReferences• www.wikipedia.org; www.google.com, www.slideshare.net• Gannon; Osmond, , Humenik, Gale, Spooner, Agricultural Water Quality Water resource• U.S.A. Environmental protection agency, washington, dc (usa)• MacKenzie, SH The Ecosystem ISLAND PRESS, CA (USA), 1996, 240• Water pollution and society ByDavid Krantz and Brad Kifferstein• Water pollution, By Mahesh & Ram, By Shohail Motahir Choudhury, Prasen Raptan,ExecutiveDirector,Jankalyana• Living in the Environment, By G. Tyler Miller’s• Authors Arnone Matteo,Belingheri Omar,Fasce Federico,Migliorino Lorenzo,Ernest Kyć,• Michał Stolarski,Adam Chłąd,Kamil Tratkiewicz• Water Pollution by Dr. B. Victor• Refresher course on sewage treatment plant design by PAUL• Trends and Scenarios in Agricultural Development by COLIN CHARTRES; International Water ManagementInstitute• Diamond Energy Water. The close relationship between Water & Our Body. 19 April 2008• <http://www.be-with-you.com/dew/WaterAndOurBody.html>.• We Rise. Water Facts. Allabout_facts. 15 May 2008 <www.werise.us/allabout_facts.html>• “Olympic Science: The Hydration Rate.” Popular Mechanics. August 2008. 68.• Water Security: Leadership and Commitment by Shuichi Hirayama• Environmental Pollutants By Dr.Rathnakar U.P.MD.DIH.PGDHM (K.M.C. Mangalore)• Water Pollution By DiGiT• Water Pollution & Cleanup By Andrew J Penniman• Water Pollution by Home• Air, Water and Soil pollution - By B.Tungalagtuya• John Rodgers - Lecture 8: Water Pollution• pppst.com• kangenforall.com