SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
• Global Positioning Systems (GPS)
 A system of earth orbiting satellites which
provides precise location on the earth’s surface
in lat/long co-ordinates.
 11 hours 58 mins- Orbital period
 24 hour 3D coverage worldwide.
• Remote Sensing (RS)
 It is acquisition of information about an object
or phenomenon without making physical
contact with the object.
GPS: WHAT IS IT
 The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-
based satellite navigation system that provides
location and time information in all weather
conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there
is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS
satellites.
 The system provides critical capabilities to
military, civil and commercial users around the world.
It is maintained by the United States government and
is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.
Computer-based Technology
Designed with software, hardware, data,
procedure,
Network and live ware.
Storage, retrieval, mapping and analysis of
Geographic data.
Data is stored in coordinate form.
Layered together for mapping analysis.
Location
 Where are particular feature
found?
Patterns
 What geographical patterns
exist?
Trends
 Where have changes occurred
over given period?
Conditions
 Where do certain conditions
apply?
Data, Information, Knowledge, Intelligence
• Data: Collection of facts/figures that pertain to places, people, things,
events, and concepts.
• Information: Data transferred – through processes.
GIS Data
Hardcopy Maps Digital Data
GPSCo-ordinates
Geography Attributes Behavior
Rules:
Streets and
highways may
not
intersect
• data is organized by layers.
• layers are integrated using explicit location on the earth’s
surface, thus geographic location is the organizing principle.
 Transportation
 Watershed Analysis
 Environment Impact Assessment
 Remote Sensing
 Urban Development
Target Site Selection
 Landfill Site Selection
 Mineral mapping
 Pollution Monitoring
 Natural Hazard Assessment
 Resource Management
Planning
• Involves surveys, review of exiting infrastructure.
• GIS- integrates, manage, analyze and visualize the wide range of
data sets.
Design
• GIS- data management tools to manage and share data between
GIS and CAD soln.
Maintenance
• Detailed understanding of the location of assets for transport
infrastructure.
Information
• Up to date information systems for travellers.
• The wide choice of travel options require true multi-modal
solutions.
• METRO projects.
• Airlines or road transport-detailed information-Bus no, route,
timings etc.
• Disaster responses-advance warning.
• Planning and locating- railway corridors
 Finding a subset of locations from a set of potential-
minimizing cost
• Customer or demand locations.
• Potential site locations and/or existing facilities.
• Street network or Euclidean distance.
 GIS map water resources and link them to a database
 Planners/Engineers link their modelling system to the GIS-tie to
attribute data.
 Data – land use & land cover, geology, soils, hydrography &
topography.
 Project represented in 3-D form-the impact of facilities on
landscape-design process
 Estimate the magnitude of high-flow events, the probability of
low-flow events.
 Determine flood zones.
 Identify high-potential erosion areas.
 Derive physical characteristics area, perimeter, soil data etc.
Environmental Impact
Assessment for a new
Construction project ,
pollution
monitoring.
Applications of GPS
 This system gives us the accurate geographic position
required for land surveying.
 It is used for navigation purposes in
Aircraft,Ships,Submarines etc.
 It is now exceedingly used to locate the enemy targets
and subsequently hitting them by GPS information
guided missiles.
 For public use simpler version are available for locating
the vehicles, the individuals and the parties, in hicking
and mountaineering expeditions and other number of
applications.
Advantages of GPS
 This system is fast replacing with conventional
methods of surveying like Triangulation, Traversing
etc.
 It no longer requires the inter-visibility of station
points. The conventional techniques are still required
for detail surveying.
 The horizontal and vertical control can easily be
established with the help of GPS
 With increasingly complex projects, GIS provides the civil
engineers with tools for Creating , managing , analysing and
visualizing all types of geographic information.
 GIS education is expected to prepare individuals in the civil
engineering profession
 for the implementation of engineering projects/tasks with
time- and money-saving approaches.
 Some of the open ended limitations the high over head cost
GPS/GIS soft wares and Hard wares
GIS and GPS - applications  in civil engg

More Related Content

What's hot

Basic of gis concept and theories
Basic of gis concept and theoriesBasic of gis concept and theories
Basic of gis concept and theoriesMohsin Siddique
 
Lecture on photogrammetry
Lecture on photogrammetryLecture on photogrammetry
Lecture on photogrammetryWaleed Liaqat
 
Gis Geographical Information System Fundamentals
Gis Geographical Information System FundamentalsGis Geographical Information System Fundamentals
Gis Geographical Information System FundamentalsUroosa Samman
 
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENTAPPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENTSriram Chakravarthy
 
Total station and its application to civil engineering
Total station and its application to civil engineeringTotal station and its application to civil engineering
Total station and its application to civil engineeringTushar Dholakia
 
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GIS
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GISLANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GIS
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GISAditya Ghumare
 
GIS application in Natural Resource Management
GIS application in Natural Resource ManagementGIS application in Natural Resource Management
GIS application in Natural Resource ManagementAchal Gupta
 
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthy
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthyApplications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthy
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthys0l0m0n7
 
Geographic information system
Geographic information systemGeographic information system
Geographic information systemDhaval Jalalpara
 
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).Uday Kumar Shil
 
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Fayaz Ahamed A P
 

What's hot (20)

Basic of gis concept and theories
Basic of gis concept and theoriesBasic of gis concept and theories
Basic of gis concept and theories
 
Drone survey
Drone surveyDrone survey
Drone survey
 
Types of GIS Data
Types of GIS DataTypes of GIS Data
Types of GIS Data
 
Data sources and input in GIS
Data  sources and input in GISData  sources and input in GIS
Data sources and input in GIS
 
Concept of gps
Concept of gpsConcept of gps
Concept of gps
 
Lecture on photogrammetry
Lecture on photogrammetryLecture on photogrammetry
Lecture on photogrammetry
 
Gis Geographical Information System Fundamentals
Gis Geographical Information System FundamentalsGis Geographical Information System Fundamentals
Gis Geographical Information System Fundamentals
 
Network analysis in gis , part 1 introduction
Network analysis in gis , part 1 introductionNetwork analysis in gis , part 1 introduction
Network analysis in gis , part 1 introduction
 
GPS Surveying
GPS SurveyingGPS Surveying
GPS Surveying
 
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENTAPPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
APPLICATIONS OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
 
GIS PPT
GIS PPTGIS PPT
GIS PPT
 
Total station and its application to civil engineering
Total station and its application to civil engineeringTotal station and its application to civil engineering
Total station and its application to civil engineering
 
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GIS
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GISLANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GIS
LANDSLIDE HAZARD ZONATION MAPPING USING RS AND GIS
 
GIS application in Natural Resource Management
GIS application in Natural Resource ManagementGIS application in Natural Resource Management
GIS application in Natural Resource Management
 
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthy
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthyApplications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthy
Applications of RS and GIS in Urban Planning by Rakshith m murthy
 
Geographic information system
Geographic information systemGeographic information system
Geographic information system
 
Topology in GIS
Topology in GISTopology in GIS
Topology in GIS
 
Relief displacement
Relief displacementRelief displacement
Relief displacement
 
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).
Arc Geographic Information System (GIS) Digital Elevation Models (DEM).
 
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
Application of GIS (Geographical information system)
 

Similar to GIS and GPS - applications in civil engg

SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptx
SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptxSACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptx
SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptxabhishek1205choudhar
 
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - Report
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - ReportHow to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - Report
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - ReportSarchia Khursheed
 
Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Gautham Reddy
 
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)Subtain Hussain Syed
 
Geoinformatics
GeoinformaticsGeoinformatics
Geoinformaticsgeovino
 
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture Engineering
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture EngineeringGeographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture Engineering
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture EngineeringDinesh Bishwakarma
 
Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Chandana R
 
Application of gis and remote sensing in agriculture
Application of gis and remote sensing in agricultureApplication of gis and remote sensing in agriculture
Application of gis and remote sensing in agricultureRehana Qureshi
 
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfDIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfHimanshuDeshmukh32
 
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.ppt
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.pptFundamentals of Geographical Information System.ppt
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.pptbimalp7
 
Introduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsIntroduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsKU Leuven
 
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptx
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptxRS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptx
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptxSouvikPal60
 
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...Rajashekhar L
 
Geospatial Applications in Civil Engineering
Geospatial Applications in Civil EngineeringGeospatial Applications in Civil Engineering
Geospatial Applications in Civil EngineeringSriharsha Rangineni
 

Similar to GIS and GPS - applications in civil engg (20)

gis assgnmnt.pptx
gis assgnmnt.pptxgis assgnmnt.pptx
gis assgnmnt.pptx
 
SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptx
SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptxSACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptx
SACHIN YADAV (TECHNOLOGY USE IN SUEVEYING).pptx
 
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - Report
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - ReportHow to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - Report
How to use GPS and GIS in Surveying - Report
 
Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)
 
GIS AND QGIS DESCRIOTION
GIS AND QGIS DESCRIOTIONGIS AND QGIS DESCRIOTION
GIS AND QGIS DESCRIOTION
 
gis-unit1_2.pdf
gis-unit1_2.pdfgis-unit1_2.pdf
gis-unit1_2.pdf
 
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)
Introduction of GIS & Remote Sensing (RS)
 
Geoinformatics
GeoinformaticsGeoinformatics
Geoinformatics
 
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture Engineering
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture EngineeringGeographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture Engineering
Geographic Information System for Bachelor in Agriculture Engineering
 
Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)Global positioning system (GPS)
Global positioning system (GPS)
 
Application of gis and remote sensing in agriculture
Application of gis and remote sensing in agricultureApplication of gis and remote sensing in agriculture
Application of gis and remote sensing in agriculture
 
Remote sensing
Remote sensing   Remote sensing
Remote sensing
 
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdfDIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
DIGITIZATION OF CITIES ON GIS PLATFORM.pdf
 
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.ppt
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.pptFundamentals of Geographical Information System.ppt
Fundamentals of Geographical Information System.ppt
 
Introduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to GeoinformaticsIntroduction to Geoinformatics
Introduction to Geoinformatics
 
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptx
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptxRS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptx
RS_GIS_Crop_monitoring-converted.pptx
 
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...
application of gis rs in urban planninggem-150307035531-conversion-gate01 (1)...
 
GIS.ppt
GIS.pptGIS.ppt
GIS.ppt
 
Geospatial Applications in Civil Engineering
Geospatial Applications in Civil EngineeringGeospatial Applications in Civil Engineering
Geospatial Applications in Civil Engineering
 
fund.ppt
fund.pptfund.ppt
fund.ppt
 

More from Pundlik Rathod

8086 architecture basics
8086 architecture basics8086 architecture basics
8086 architecture basicsPundlik Rathod
 
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPES
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPESCONTRACTS AND ITS TYPES
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPESPundlik Rathod
 
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIME
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIMEDNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIME
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIMEPundlik Rathod
 
Conversion of waste material into useful products
Conversion of waste material into useful productsConversion of waste material into useful products
Conversion of waste material into useful productsPundlik Rathod
 

More from Pundlik Rathod (8)

8086 architecture basics
8086 architecture basics8086 architecture basics
8086 architecture basics
 
Water harvesting
Water harvestingWater harvesting
Water harvesting
 
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPES
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPESCONTRACTS AND ITS TYPES
CONTRACTS AND ITS TYPES
 
DAMS AND ITS TYPES
DAMS AND ITS TYPESDAMS AND ITS TYPES
DAMS AND ITS TYPES
 
Plumbing
PlumbingPlumbing
Plumbing
 
Green buildings
Green  buildingsGreen  buildings
Green buildings
 
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIME
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIMEDNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIME
DNA MUGSHOTS AGAINST CRIME
 
Conversion of waste material into useful products
Conversion of waste material into useful productsConversion of waste material into useful products
Conversion of waste material into useful products
 

Recently uploaded

Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)
Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)
Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)Ramkumar k
 
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSOR
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSORINTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSOR
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSORTanishkaHira1
 
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptx
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptxS1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptx
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptxSCMS School of Architecture
 
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptx
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptxAugmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptx
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptxMustafa Ahmed
 
School management system project Report.pdf
School management system project Report.pdfSchool management system project Report.pdf
School management system project Report.pdfKamal Acharya
 
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...dannyijwest
 
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptx
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptxUNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptx
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptxkalpana413121
 
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power PlayStandard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power PlayEpec Engineered Technologies
 
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...Payal Garg #K09
 
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals .pdf
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals  .pdfDatabricks Generative AI Fundamentals  .pdf
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals .pdfVinayVadlagattu
 
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) ppt
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) pptAdsorption (mass transfer operations 2) ppt
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) pptjigup7320
 
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdf
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdflitvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdf
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdfAlexander Litvinenko
 
Computer Networks Basics of Network Devices
Computer Networks  Basics of Network DevicesComputer Networks  Basics of Network Devices
Computer Networks Basics of Network DevicesChandrakantDivate1
 
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...Amil baba
 
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2ChandrakantDivate1
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)ChandrakantDivate1
 
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...HenryBriggs2
 
Post office management system project ..pdf
Post office management system project ..pdfPost office management system project ..pdf
Post office management system project ..pdfKamal Acharya
 
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...ssuserdfc773
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)
Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)
Theory of Time 2024 (Universal Theory for Everything)
 
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSOR
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSORINTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSOR
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER 8259 MICROPROCESSOR
 
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptx
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptxS1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptx
S1S2 B.Arch MGU - HOA1&2 Module 3 -Temple Architecture of Kerala.pptx
 
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptx
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptxAugmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptx
Augmented Reality (AR) with Augin Software.pptx
 
School management system project Report.pdf
School management system project Report.pdfSchool management system project Report.pdf
School management system project Report.pdf
 
Integrated Test Rig For HTFE-25 - Neometrix
Integrated Test Rig For HTFE-25 - NeometrixIntegrated Test Rig For HTFE-25 - Neometrix
Integrated Test Rig For HTFE-25 - Neometrix
 
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...
Cybercrimes in the Darknet and Their Detections: A Comprehensive Analysis and...
 
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptx
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptxUNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptx
UNIT 4 PTRP final Convergence in probability.pptx
 
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power PlayStandard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
Standard vs Custom Battery Packs - Decoding the Power Play
 
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...
Unsatisfied Bhabhi ℂall Girls Ahmedabad Book Esha 6378878445 Top Class ℂall G...
 
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals .pdf
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals  .pdfDatabricks Generative AI Fundamentals  .pdf
Databricks Generative AI Fundamentals .pdf
 
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) ppt
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) pptAdsorption (mass transfer operations 2) ppt
Adsorption (mass transfer operations 2) ppt
 
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdf
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdflitvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdf
litvinenko_Henry_Intrusion_Hong-Kong_2024.pdf
 
Computer Networks Basics of Network Devices
Computer Networks  Basics of Network DevicesComputer Networks  Basics of Network Devices
Computer Networks Basics of Network Devices
 
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...
NO1 Top No1 Amil Baba In Azad Kashmir, Kashmir Black Magic Specialist Expert ...
 
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2
Fundamentals of Internet of Things (IoT) Part-2
 
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence ( AI)
 
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
scipt v1.pptxcxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx...
 
Post office management system project ..pdf
Post office management system project ..pdfPost office management system project ..pdf
Post office management system project ..pdf
 
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...
Convergence of Robotics and Gen AI offers excellent opportunities for Entrepr...
 

GIS and GPS - applications in civil engg

  • 1.
  • 2. • Global Positioning Systems (GPS)  A system of earth orbiting satellites which provides precise location on the earth’s surface in lat/long co-ordinates.  11 hours 58 mins- Orbital period  24 hour 3D coverage worldwide. • Remote Sensing (RS)  It is acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object.
  • 3. GPS: WHAT IS IT  The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space- based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.  The system provides critical capabilities to military, civil and commercial users around the world. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.
  • 4.
  • 5. Computer-based Technology Designed with software, hardware, data, procedure, Network and live ware. Storage, retrieval, mapping and analysis of Geographic data. Data is stored in coordinate form. Layered together for mapping analysis.
  • 6.
  • 7. Location  Where are particular feature found? Patterns  What geographical patterns exist? Trends  Where have changes occurred over given period? Conditions  Where do certain conditions apply?
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. Data, Information, Knowledge, Intelligence • Data: Collection of facts/figures that pertain to places, people, things, events, and concepts. • Information: Data transferred – through processes. GIS Data Hardcopy Maps Digital Data GPSCo-ordinates
  • 11. Geography Attributes Behavior Rules: Streets and highways may not intersect
  • 12.
  • 13. • data is organized by layers. • layers are integrated using explicit location on the earth’s surface, thus geographic location is the organizing principle.
  • 14.  Transportation  Watershed Analysis  Environment Impact Assessment  Remote Sensing  Urban Development Target Site Selection  Landfill Site Selection  Mineral mapping  Pollution Monitoring  Natural Hazard Assessment  Resource Management
  • 15. Planning • Involves surveys, review of exiting infrastructure. • GIS- integrates, manage, analyze and visualize the wide range of data sets. Design • GIS- data management tools to manage and share data between GIS and CAD soln. Maintenance • Detailed understanding of the location of assets for transport infrastructure. Information • Up to date information systems for travellers. • The wide choice of travel options require true multi-modal solutions.
  • 16. • METRO projects. • Airlines or road transport-detailed information-Bus no, route, timings etc. • Disaster responses-advance warning. • Planning and locating- railway corridors  Finding a subset of locations from a set of potential- minimizing cost • Customer or demand locations. • Potential site locations and/or existing facilities. • Street network or Euclidean distance.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.  GIS map water resources and link them to a database  Planners/Engineers link their modelling system to the GIS-tie to attribute data.  Data – land use & land cover, geology, soils, hydrography & topography.  Project represented in 3-D form-the impact of facilities on landscape-design process  Estimate the magnitude of high-flow events, the probability of low-flow events.  Determine flood zones.  Identify high-potential erosion areas.  Derive physical characteristics area, perimeter, soil data etc.
  • 22. Environmental Impact Assessment for a new Construction project , pollution monitoring.
  • 23. Applications of GPS  This system gives us the accurate geographic position required for land surveying.  It is used for navigation purposes in Aircraft,Ships,Submarines etc.  It is now exceedingly used to locate the enemy targets and subsequently hitting them by GPS information guided missiles.  For public use simpler version are available for locating the vehicles, the individuals and the parties, in hicking and mountaineering expeditions and other number of applications.
  • 24. Advantages of GPS  This system is fast replacing with conventional methods of surveying like Triangulation, Traversing etc.  It no longer requires the inter-visibility of station points. The conventional techniques are still required for detail surveying.  The horizontal and vertical control can easily be established with the help of GPS
  • 25.  With increasingly complex projects, GIS provides the civil engineers with tools for Creating , managing , analysing and visualizing all types of geographic information.  GIS education is expected to prepare individuals in the civil engineering profession  for the implementation of engineering projects/tasks with time- and money-saving approaches.  Some of the open ended limitations the high over head cost GPS/GIS soft wares and Hard wares