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Farmer organisations


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Farmer organisations

  1. 1. FARMER ORGANISATIONS:Formation And Management Dr. R P Singh Associate Director Extension Education
  2. 2. New Roles for Extension• Empowerment Role• Community – Organizing Role• Human Resource Development Role• Problem solving and Education Role
  3. 3. Involve of the target people in planning, implementation, and maintenance as well as management of infrastructure and development programs
  4. 4. When the farmers unite…They can clearly articulate their needs, organize differentservices like inputs, credit, implements and transport,access different service providers and if necessary, act aspressure groups and demand services
  5. 5. What is Farmer Organization ? Farmer organization is a group of farmers with special interests and concerns with developed structure, formal membership, status and functions for its members and with a set of byelaws and rules
  6. 6. Farmer organizations : Features• Common interest• Dynamic and flexible, norms and operating procedures• Both long and short term objectives and plan of action• Enrolment through membership fee• Democracy through regular elections• Clear and transparent transactions• Capacity of the organization should be strong to ensure its long term stability and sustainability• Linkages and network with other farmer organizations• Committed leadership
  7. 7. Why Farmers’ Organizations?• Farmers’ organizations influence policies and demand for required services.• Farmers can participate in the decision making process of the developmental activities.• Service system becomes more effective and accountable• They get better access to latest markets and technology• FOs can involve in Farmer and market led extension activities
  8. 8. Why Farmers organizations ?• Build interactions between research, extension and farming systems• Enable farmers to organize themselves for action or to share resources• Analyze farmers problems with extension support• More services can be made available to farmers through a single point• Provide more effective learning environment
  9. 9. Role ofFarmer organizations • Representational role • Technology role • Service role
  10. 10. Types ofFarmer Organizations Community based, resource oriented farmer organizations Commodity based, market oriented farmer organizations
  11. 11. Activities of FOs• Management of activities• Management of environment• Management of machinery• Management of fields ( Collective production )• Management of communal granaries / food banks• Bulk purchase of inputs• Collective requests for credit• Management for selling of produce• Advice to producers• Training to farmers
  12. 12. Steps in Establishing Farmer Organizations1. Understanding the village community2. Identifying potential leaders in the community3. Talking to the identified leaders and seeking cooperation from other agencies4. Helping local leaders to call community meetings5. Nominating core group leaders to develop the FO6. Developing an organizational structure for the FO7. Developing the FO’s management through education and action learning8. Gearing up for action9. Implementing selected projects10. Monitoring and Evaluating the FO’s progress
  13. 13. Participatory Action Management Planning Cycle Understanding the situation Identify the problems / opportunities Developing solutions Developing a plan Implementation Review and Reflect
  14. 14. Farmers may be organized at Four levels• Farmers Interest Groups ( FIGs )• Sectoral Farmers Association ( SFA )• District Farmers Forum ( DFF )• State Farmers Federation ( SFF )
  15. 15. Success of Farmer Organizations…Recognition it gets from various bodiesPolicies of GovernmentFocus on income generating activitiesAbilities of membersVisible benefits to its membersExtension officials attitude and supportParticipatory approachesLinkages with people and organizationsTie up with other development programmesInter group linkagesCapacity building of farmers
  16. 16. How to Strengthen existing FOs1. Understanding the village community and gaining their trust2. Talking to leaders about why FOs are less active3. Seeking ideas on strengthening and revitalizing community FOs4. Encouraging local leaders to call community meetings5. Establishing a core group of leaders to draft a proposal6. Getting comments on and community endorsement of the strategy
  17. 17. Role ofExtensionProfessionals … Mobilization and organization role Capacity building role Problem solving and educating role Business support provider role
  18. 18. Examples…• KERALA initiated group approach to extension for RICE farming in 1989 and subsequently extended to other crops• Formation of community groups to improve productivity and reduce cost of cultivation
  19. 19. Kerala - Group Approach• In Kerala there are around 60 farmers organizations of varying sizes and mandate, operating in Calicut district providing extension services. These organizations are formed by the sole initiative of local village leaders without any direct involvement of formal or political leaders. All the groups are registered as per the cooperative societies act and function within the framework of by-laws. Some groups are smaller in size serving a single village while some are bigger with 300-400 members serving a cluster of villages. The bigger organizations are having a federated administrative structure with committees at district, panchayat and ward levels. The decision making power is vested with the central or executive committees which are answerable to the General body. The periodicity of core committee meetings varies from 1-2 months while that of GB is a year
  20. 20. • Kerala Horticultural Development Programme (KHDP) formed SHGs of vegetable and fruit growers to promote new technology and PTD skills, access to credit and strengthen their negotiation power through collective marketing• Emerged as Vegetable and Fruit Promotion Council, Kerala
  21. 21. • RAJASTHAN adopted the group approach to extension in 1992 and currently VEO visits village and impart training to kisan mandal farmers once in a fortnight
  22. 22. • HIMACHAL PRADESH is forming Farmer Interest Groups (FIGs) to implement many schemes• The Central Sector Scheme on Women in Agriculture (CSSWA) is being implemented through women SHGs promoted through this programme
  23. 23. VEGETABLE GROUP FARMERS’ FEDERATIONState : Himachal PradeshDistrict: Shimla District Veg. Production & Marketing Federation District (working committees of all blocks) BlockWorkingcommittee Vegetable Production and Marketing Block Association Services: (10-15members) (25 FIGs in one block) • Technical Trainings 3N •Credit linkage s os 3 No • Marketing 3 Nos Veg. FGs Veg. FGs Veg. FGs Village/ Panchyat Production and Marketing groups
  24. 24. Abhyudaya Karshak Parishat,Mukkamala, EG, A.P• Estd in 1989• Trainings on Paddy and Coconut• Emphasis on IPM and INM• Farmer to farmer extension• Productivity• Field visits
  25. 25. FEDERATION OF WOMEN SHGs State: Andhra Pradesh Mandal Level Federation Services: • Savings • Group loans 3-4 VOs Cluster • IG activities •ImplementationExecutive of govt. programsbody VOs 1 VOs 2 VOs 3..2 nos.fromeach SHGfor VO SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs SHGs
  26. 26. • Cashew Ratna in MAHARASHTRA : Cashew growers in Ratnagiri formed into groups and marketed cashew under the name of Cashew Ratna and reaped benefits• Commodity Based Groups – Block Level Processors Group – District level• Grading, Packing, Marketing
  27. 27. CASHEW RATNAState :MaharashtraDistrict :Ratnagiri •Further grading District Level Cp •Packing & Farmer Orgn. •Marketing Common Godown Block Level Processors •Grading Group •Packing 1 2 3 4 Processors Group Commodity Based Groups
  28. 28. FARMERS’ FEDERATION State : Orissa District : Khurda District level District federation Community / Commodity Based Block Farmers Organization Services:Dairy Li nk • Technical Link WorkerFirst-aid, AI r W Trainings ke or orPoultry ke W r • Supply ofVaccination nk inputs LiHorti • MarketingGrafting FIGS FIGS FIGS Village Diversified Groups
  29. 29. Raitha Mitra Yojane:Karnatakais the new demand driven agricultural extension system of the Karnataka state. It has replaced the earlier T & V system of agricultural extension. The agricultural extension centers opened under this new programme at hobli level are called raitha samparka kendras (rsk) with the multidisciplinary approach taking the help of input agencies and NGOs
  30. 30. Punjab – Farmers Association for Extension Services• In Punjab the farmers associations are formed with an objective of providing seed production, multiplication and demonstration, extension education to farming communities.• These associations act as a forum for highlighting the problems of farming community by imparting them new technology and assistance in production.• They also create awareness of new high yielding varieties of horticulture crops.• It also provides for reclamation of land and organizing seminars and training camps
  31. 31. Conclusions…• Sustainable organizations are must for over all development• Extension strategies should involve FOs• Public, Private extension agencies and NGOs should involve FOs• Govt departments should play a supporting role in formation and management of FOs• Extension functionaries should have skills of facilitation