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Rural U.S. Characteristics and Regional Rural Transportation Planning

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NADO Associate Director provided a presentation on rural trends and rural, regional transportation planning at the 2019 Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting.

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Rural U.S. Characteristics and Regional Rural Transportation Planning

  1. 1. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural U.S. Characteristics and Regional Rural Transportation Planning TRB Annual Meeting 2019 Carrie Kissel, National Association of Development Organizations Research Foundation
  2. 2. RURALTRANSPORTATION About NADO  National association for 540 regional development organizations, including emerging network of Rural Transportation Planning Organizations (RTPOs or RPOs)  Promote public policies that strengthen local governments, communities and economies through the regional strategies, coordination efforts and program expertise of the nation’s regional development organizations
  3. 3. RURALTRANSPORTATION About NADO  Through the NADO Research Foundation, develop training and resources related to: • Rural/small metro transportation planning, RPO America • Small business finance • Economic development planning • Regional resiliency • Developing quality of place
  4. 4. RURALTRANSPORTATION 4
  5. 5. RURALTRANSPORTATION 5Slide source: David Beurle, Future IQ
  6. 6. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Population Characteristics 6
  7. 7. RURALTRANSPORTATION Aging Rural Places 7
  8. 8. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Migration 8
  9. 9. RURALTRANSPORTATION Increasing Rural Diversity • Rural minorities are 22% of the population in 2017 (compared to 42% in urban areas), but diversity is increasing. USDA ERS: Rural America At-a-Glance 2018 9
  10. 10. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural County Economy Types 1976 nonmetro counties (of 3143 total U.S. counties). Each county has one economy type. Source: USDA ERS County Typology 2015 10 Farming 20% Mining 9% Manufacturing 18%Fed/State 12% Recreation 11% Nonspecialized 30%
  11. 11. RURALTRANSPORTATION Farming Dependent 11 Mining Dependent
  12. 12. RURALTRANSPORTATION Manufacturing Dependent 12 Fed/State Gov’t Dependent
  13. 13. RURALTRANSPORTATION Recreation Dependent 13 Nonspecialized
  14. 14. RURALTRANSPORTATION County Policy Types Counties may have more than one policy type or no policy type. Source: USDA ERS County Typology 2015 14 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Low Education Low Employment Persistent Poverty Persistent Child Poverty Population Loss Retirement Destination
  15. 15. RURALTRANSPORTATION Low Employment 15 Low Education
  16. 16. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Unemployment • Rural unemployment rates have been similar to metro rates, at the national level • 2010 – Rural: 10.3% peak – Urban: 9.9% peak • 2017 – Rural: 4.4% – Urban: 4.1% – Source: USDA ERS Rural America At-a-Glance 2018 16
  17. 17. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Employment • But employment trends vary 17 Source: USDA ERS Rural America At-a-Glance 2018
  18. 18. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Poverty • Rural poverty occurs at higher rates than urban poverty – Rural: 16.4% in 2017 (down from 30-yr peak of 18.4% in 2013) – Urban: 12.9% in 2017 • Rural racial/ethnic minorities had the highest poverty rates – 2017: black 32%, Native American 31%, Hispanics 24.5% – Poverty among whites was 13.5%, but whites made up 80 percent of the rural poor in 2017. Source: USDA ERS, Rural America At-a-Glance 2018 18
  19. 19. RURALTRANSPORTATION Rural Transportation Priorities • Regional planning and development organizations (which serve local governments and residents) report their top transportation priorities are: – Preservation and maintenance of existing facilities/service – Economic development/economic resilience – Safety 19
  20. 20. RURALTRANSPORTATION Regional Transportation Planning Models
  21. 21. RURALTRANSPORTATION How Did We Get Here? • ISTEA (1991) – Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act • TEA-21 (1998) – Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century • SAFETEA-LU (2005) – Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users • 2003 FHWA/FTA planning regulations were adopted implementing language on rural planning and state-local consultation. (4-year process) • Same language used in 2007 regulations • In essence requires meaningful input by local officials in the transportation planning process/decision making—separate from public outreach efforts
  22. 22. RURALTRANSPORTATION MAP-21 & FAST Act RTPOs • Structure: policy committee, fiscal agent • Basic regional planning, TA duties outlined • State outreach to local officials separate from public outreach • States: – “Cooperate” with RTPOs on LRTP – “Consult” with RTPOs on Interstate, Bridge, NHS, 5310, 5311 projects in STIP – “Cooperate” with RTPOs on other projects in STIP for areas with a population under 50,000 – “Consult” with RTPOs on Strategic Highway Safety Plan 22
  23. 23. RURALTRANSPORTATION Typical RTPO Tasks
  24. 24. RURALTRANSPORTATION Required RTPO Tasks More tasks: Participate in planning/ policy process Foster coordination of existing plans Share plans with neighbors Other
  25. 25. RURALTRANSPORTATION Resources for Regional Planning
  26. 26. RURALTRANSPORTATION Connect with NADO Carrie Kissel, Associate Director ckissel@nado.org | 202.643.9560 Visit us online: www.NADO.org www.RuralTransportation.org | www.CEDScentral.com In-person events: National Regional Transportation Conference, 6/17 – 19, 2019, Columbus, OH NADO Annual Training Conference, 10/19 - 22, 2019, Reno, NV 26

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