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Pedestrian and Bicycle Resources in Rural and Small Town Communities


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During the 2017 National Regional Transportation Conference, Shari Schaftlein shared information and resources developed by the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Human Environment. These resources focus on bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure in a multimodal context in rural and small communities.

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Pedestrian and Bicycle Resources in Rural and Small Town Communities

  1. 1. Pedestrian and Bicycle Resources in Rural and Small Town Communities 2017 NADO Conference Shari Schaftlein
  2. 2. FHWA Achieving Multimodal Networks:Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts
  3. 3. National Context FHWA Support For • An integrated, safe, accessible, and convenient transportation system for all users Background • Safety is the #1 priority • State and local demand • Design flexibility • Accelerated project delivery • System efficiency • Economic development
  4. 4. Policy and Guidance Policy Statement on Bicycle and Pedestrian Accommodation The DOT policy is to incorporate safe and convenient walking and bicycling facilities into transportation projects. Every transportation agency, including DOT, has the responsibility to improve conditions and opportunities for walking and bicycling and to integrate walking and bicycling into their transportation systems. Because of the numerous individual and community benefits that walking and bicycling provide — including health, safety, environmental, transportation, and quality of life — transportation agencies are encouraged to go beyond minimum standards to provide safe and convenient facilities for these modes.
  5. 5. Questions 1. Did anyone here participate in any of the fifty-two pedestrian and bicycle safety assessments that U.S.DOT led in 2015-2016? 2. Have you participated in any other pedestrian and bicycle audits or assessments in your community? 3. If so, how did they add value and what resources did you use to support the activity?
  6. 6. Available at
  7. 7. Planning and Design Guidance Available at
  8. 8. Connectivity/Multimodal Performance Measures Guide to Performance Management:The why and how of measuring access to opportunity Key Elements • Access to Opportunity:Transportation networks that enables all members of a community to get to essential services. • Transportation Equity: Reliable transportation that can meet the needs of all, particularly in traditionally underserved communities. • Prioritizing Projects for Funding:This method allows transportation officials to identify priorities for the investment of limited funds. • Types of Data Used in Measuring Access to Opportunity:Outcome of this method can assist transportation agencies identify major destination trends in a region.
  9. 9. 12 Resource (Cont.) Resource Urban Rural Dually Applicable National Center for Safe Routes to School Website  Safe Routes to School National Partnership  Safe Routes to School 10 Year Report  Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks: A Review of International Practices  Accessibility Guidebook on Outdoor Recreation and Trails 
  10. 10. Resource Resource Urban Rural Dually Applicable FHWA Guidance: Bicycle and Pedestrian Provisions of Federal Transportation Legislation  Transportation Alternatives Guidance  Recreational Trails Program Guidance Institute of Transportation Engineers Practitioner's Guide: A Context Sensitive Solutions Approach to Multimodal Thoroughfare Design  Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks  U.S Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicyclist Road Safety Assessments - Summary Report  Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) Performance ManagementGuidebook  Bicycle and Pedestrian Funding, Design, and Environmental Review: Addressing Common Misconceptions 
  11. 11. Questions 1. Have you heard about these recent publications and resources? 2. Are you aware of instances where an FHWA pedestrian and bicycle resource was used to inform decisions and improve outcomes in a specific project in your State? 3. Is there anything FHWA could do to increase awareness of and capacity building around these resources? 4. Is there anything FHWA could provide to help you find the right information or navigate between resources (ie: indexing)?
  12. 12. Multimodal networks are interconnected pedestrian and/or bicycle transportation facilities that allow people of all ages and abilities to safely and conveniently get where they want to go. FHWA Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks Multimodal Networks
  13. 13. Multimodal Network Principles • Cohesion • Directness • Accessibility • Alternatives • Safety and Security • Comfort FHWA Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks
  14. 14. Recently Released • Provide a bridge between existing guidance on bicycle and pedestrian design and rural practice. • Encourage innovation in development of safe and appealing networks for bicycling and walking in small towns and rural areas. • Provide examples of peer communities and project implementation that is appropriate for rural communities.
  15. 15. Connected Networks
  16. 16. Guide Structure 1. Introduction 2. Mixed Transportation Facilities 3. Visually Separated Facilities 4. Physically Separated Facilities 5. Key Network Linkages 6. Planning and Project Development
  17. 17. Facility Categories Mixed Traffic Physically Separated Visually Separated
  18. 18. Mixed Traffic Visually Separated Physically Separated
  19. 19. Available at
  20. 20. Available at
  21. 21. • Highlights ways to apply design flexibility, while focusing on reducing multimodal conflicts and achieving connected networks • Help practitioners address topics such as: – Intersection design – Road diets – Pedestrian crossing treatments – Transit and school access – Freight – Accessibility Achieving Multimodal Networks: Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts Available at
  22. 22. Achieving Multimodal Networks: Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts Available at
  23. 23. Layout of DesignTopics
  24. 24. Achieving Multimodal Networks: Applying Design Flexibility and Reducing Conflicts Available at
  25. 25. Proven Safety Countermeasures Available at
  26. 26. FHWA Pedestrian and Bicycle Resources
  27. 27. StrategicAgenda for Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Aspirational Goals • Achieve an 80 percent reduction in pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and serious injuries in 15 years and zero pedestrian and bicycle fatalities and serious injuries in the next 20 to 30 years. • Increase the percentage of short trips represented by bicycling and walking to 30 percent by the year 2025.This will indicate a 50 percent increase over the 2009 value of 20 percent. Short trips are defined as trips 5 miles or less for bicyclists and 1 mile or less for pedestrians.
  28. 28. • Measuring Multimodal Network Connectivity – How to measure multimodal network connectivity and track change in connectivity over time? • Bike Facility Selection Guide – How to identify the most appropriate bike facilities? • Innovative Street Design and Accessibility – How to ensure that people with disabilities can navigate around new and emerging designs such as separated bike lanes and shared streets? • Scalable Risk Assessment Methodology – How to measure exposure to risk for walking and biking? Filling Gaps — Resources in Development
  29. 29. Questions 1. What multimodal planning and design training and capacity building opportunities are you aware of and currently utilizing? 2. What are the biggest training and capacity building challenges or gaps based on your experience? 3. What are the other challenges you see in enhancing multimodal access and safety in your community? • Planning and design • Communication • Public involvement • Funding • Competing well with other needs • Other
  30. 30. 39 Contacts HEADQUARTERS Dan Goodman Office of Planning, Environment, and Realty For More Information: PRIMARY FHWA Division Office Pedestrian and Bicycle Point of Contact Staff contact list by state available at State DOT Pedestrian and Bicycle Coordinator