Post-WWI European Security

1,424 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,424
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
26
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Post-WWI European Security

  1. 1. European Security More efforts to ensure that peace would prevail.
  2. 2. The Locarno Pact (1925) <ul><li>Brought an air of optimism to Western Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Followed by Germany’s entry into League (1926). </li></ul><ul><li>1925-29 (Locarno era) is only period of stability and hope for lasting peace during interwar period. </li></ul><ul><li>Series of treaties agreeing to… </li></ul>
  3. 3. Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, and Germany… <ul><li>…agree to guarantee existing frontiers. </li></ul><ul><li>…agree to the demilitarization of the Rhineland. </li></ul>
  4. 4. France, Germany, and Belgium… <ul><li>… agree to NOT make war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain ends up guaranteeing the frontiers of Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German fears of another occupation are alleviated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>French fear of Germany relieved, taking pressures off relationships with Eastern Europe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security in West, insecurity in East. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Aristide Briand, Austin Chamberlain, Gustav Stresemann
  6. 6. Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) <ul><li>AKA Pact of Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a declaration of policy, not a formal treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>15 nations denounced war as a method of solving disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by USA </li></ul><ul><li>Signed by Germany and USSR </li></ul>
  7. 8. Disarmament <ul><li>It was generally agreed that the arms race was a major cause of WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>Paris Treaties had forced Germany and allies to disarm, and League was committed to disarmament. </li></ul><ul><li>In principal everyone agreed, but disarmament failed due to mistrust. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations had not abandoned war as a means of international diplomacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 major attempts at disarmament. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Washington Conference (1921) <ul><li>Focused on naval disarmament. </li></ul><ul><li>Signed by US, Britain, France, Japan, and Italy. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed that… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… they would not construct any new battleships for 10 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… naval tonnage would be reduced to an agreed upon ratio. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lasted to 1936. </li></ul>
  9. 11. London Conference (1930) <ul><li>US, Britain, France, Japan, and Italy met to further reduce naval tonnage. </li></ul><ul><li>France and Italy fought and both left early. </li></ul><ul><li>US, Britain, and Japan stayed and agreed to further reduce all types of military ships. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Geneva Disarmament Conference (1932) <ul><li>Attended by 60 nations (including US, USSR, and Germany). </li></ul><ul><li>They were making some progress regarding general disarmament. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler came to power in 1933 and pulled Germany out of conference and League and the talks broke down. </li></ul>

×