Effects of WWI

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Effects of WWI

  1. 1. Effects of WWI The Post-War World
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Shattered optimism of pre-war era (Verdun, Somme, trench warfare, poison gas…) </li></ul><ul><li>Western Civilization was tainted, cynical and bitter. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Effects: Women <ul><li>Role of women changed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entered the work force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demanded suffrage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WCTU and prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual liberation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Social Effects: Industry <ul><li>Mass production and urbanization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial intensity exaggerated these changes that began before the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York, London, Paris… HUGE cities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobile (suburb, family holiday, courtship rituals, PETROLIUM INDUSTRY…) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Social Effects: Attitudes <ul><li>Shift in the way mankind thought about itself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-WWI: optimism about future of the world, technology would solve all mankind’s problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-WWI: negativism and pessimism abounded, saw different outcomes of technological development. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Economic Effects <ul><li>HUGELY expensive war! </li></ul><ul><li>GB shifts from a creditor nation to a debtor nation. </li></ul><ul><li>US emerges as the new creditor nation. </li></ul><ul><li>New York becomes world’s financial capital, not London. </li></ul><ul><li>German and Russian economies devastated. </li></ul><ul><li>Power shifted WEST. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Political Effects <ul><li>International political system is TRASHED! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliance system was a disaster. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms races brought mass destruction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance of Power system proved totally ineffective. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rethink the way the countries of the world interact with each other. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations and International Security </li></ul></ul>

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