Week9 A


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Week9 A

  1. 1. They Say, I Say More Conversations in Academic Writing Mr. Lawson ESL 102 9th Week Fall 2009
  2. 2. Review <ul><li>What are some key points we discussed last week? </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul>
  3. 3. Review <ul><ul><li>Academic writing...[is] a response to what others have said&quot; (Graff, Birkenstein, and Durst xi). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plagiarism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quoting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary to introduce what &quot;they say&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 4. Overview <ul><li>  Today, we'll talk about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to paraphrase effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to incorporate academic vocabulary effectively into our writing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paraphrase Methods <ul><li>How do we paraphrase?  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1st:                U nderstand 2nd:      S elect 3rd:     O utline </li></ul><ul><li>4th:     W rite </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Paraphrase Methods <ul><li>After you've read and understood the source, try to: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>1: Look away from the source and write your paraphrase. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>2: Make an outline of the source and write your paraphrase. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Paraphrase Practice <ul><li>Make an outline of the source and write your paraphrase. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Tri-Fold </li></ul><ul><li>(Original > Outline > Paraphrase) </li></ul><ul><li>Quarter-Fold </li></ul><ul><li>(Original > Notes > Outline> Paraphrase) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Paraphrase Review <ul><li>Paraphrases must: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accurately reflect the original author's ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must contain 100% of your own words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must include a citation (otherwise, it's plagiarism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must not simply substitute synonyms </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Incorporating Academic Vocabulary <ul><li>What are some of the phrases / words that we can use to introduce quotes (or even paraphrases) into our essays? </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul>
  10. 10. Incorporating Academic Vocabulary <ul><li>X states, &quot;______________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>According to X, &quot;___________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X herself writes, &quot;________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>In X's view, &quot;________________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X agrees when she writes, &quot;__________.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>X disagrees when she writes, &quot;___________.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. Incorporating Academic Vocabulary <ul><li>Verbs for making a claim : argue, assert, believe, claim, insist, report, suggest </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for expressing agreement : acknowledge, admire, agree, do not deny, endorse, praise, reaffirm, support </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for questioning or disagreeing : complain, complicate, contradict, deny, disagree, question, refute, reject </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs for making recommendations : advocate, call for, demand, encourage, implore, plead, recommend, urge, warn </li></ul>
  12. 12. Incorporating Academic Vocabulary <ul><li>Example Paragraph from English 100: </li></ul><ul><li>Since the recession in 2007, the American dream has seemed to be melting before many of our very own eyes. It is sad to think that all this time , we have just been building and building only for it to all come tumbling down. Is there hope of an end to this downturn, or is this only the beginning to a tragic ending? Thomas L. Friedman, a world-renowned author and journalist , wrote an interesting article on February 7, 2009, about this economic “Crisis of 2008,” as he calls it (¶2). In this article, &quot;The Inflection is Near ,&quot; Friedman considers this economic situation, suggesting that America’s growth model is on shaky ground and that something needs to be done about it. Friedman comes to the conclusion that we need to use “this economic slowdown to retool and reorient economies” and gives us hope that there is an inflection in sight (¶10). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  13. 13. Practice Incorporating Academic Vocabulary into Our Essays <ul><ul><li>Log onto BlackBoard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to our course, find the 'documents' section </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Download the file &quot;Quote&quot; onto your desktop; open it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the Instructions; practice what we've been learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you're finished, save your work and email the file to llawson@palomar.edu. Subject line needs to read: QUOTE . </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Review <ul><li>What did we talk about today? </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul><ul><li>* </li></ul>