Anatomy unit 3 cardio and respiratory system blood composition notes
Unit 3 Notes:
Transport nutrients and waste throughout
the body to their designated locations.
• Contains living and nonliving components:
– Living = Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells
– Nonliving = Platelets, Proteins, Plasma,
(2) Blood Cells & Parts
• Red Blood Cells = Erythrocytes
– Carry oxygen-containing gases
– Use protein hemoglobin to bind with gases
• White Blood Cells = Leukocytes
– Part of Immune System
– Protect body against infectious agents
– Fragments of red blood cells
– Aid in clotting
• The liquid portion of blood.
• Made of mostly water, and various proteins
and inorganic compounds (like salts and
• Important Plasma Proteins:
– Albumin Regulates osmotic pressure within
– Fibrinogen and Globulin Aids in clotting.
(4) White Blood Cell Specialties
• White blood cells must be able to reach any
area in body with infection.
• Leukocytes use:
– Positive Chemotaxis To locate infectious
agents within body using the antibody-antigen
– Diapedesis To travel through organs to reach
the infectious agents.
(5) Types of White Blood Cells
– The most common and active.
– First to respond to an infection site.
– Release histamine during infection.
– Histamine dilates the blood vessels to increase
• Lymphocytes: Use antibodies and antigens.
– B Lymphocytes Produce antibodies to ID
– T Lymphocytes Respond to antibodies and
find foreign cells.
– Present during chronic infection.
– A last responder when other white blood cells
did not work.
– Attack and engulf larger parasitic organisms.
• Anemia is when oxygen is not being carried to
• Causes for Anemia:
– Misshapen red blood cells
– Low hemoglobin concentration
– Low blood cell count
– General lack of oxygen in system
– Excruciating pains throughout the body.
– Extreme fatigue.
– Low endurance during physical activity.
– Loss of body heat easily.
• Sickle Cell Anemia:
– Red blood cells are sickled shaped.
– Cannot bind with oxygen and often clog up
• Hereditary Spherocytosis:
– Red blood cells balloon out like basketballs.
– Cannot bind with oxygen and are destroyed by