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3D Printing for Healthcare
Roy van den Heuvel, 2015
3D Printing for Healthcare
 Why?
 Fundamentals of 3D Printing
 3D Printing for medical applications
 Materials
 Examp...
“Growing up in a world that tells a lot of people what they
cannot do and the desire to make a world where we tell
little ...
Crossing the gap between Engineers & Doctors
Moving towards a Participatory Mindset
Sanders, 2008
Inspiration / hands-on experience for all stakeholders
van den Heuvel, 2014
Rapid application
of new ideas
and knowledge
Van de Beukering, 2014
Accessible,
inexpensive and
scalable complexity
Nervous System
Creative expression
Disney, 2015
Fundamentals of 3D Printing
• 3D Printing
• 3D Software
3D Printing Methods
• FDM
• Light Polymerized (SLA/DLP)
• Powder Bed (SLS/SLM)
• CLIP/other
Fused Deposition Modeling
• Affordable
• Printers from EUR ~500,-
• 30 EUR for 750g
• Speed
• Accessible
• Limited form fr...
Fused Deposition Modeling
1. Extruder
2. Layered filament
3. (Heated) printbed
Cartesian: XYZ
Fused Deposition Modeling
 Extruder
 Hotend
 Nozzle
 Fans
Fused Deposition Modeling
 Filament
 Layers
 Infill
 Support
Fused Deposition Modeling
 Printbed
 Temperature
 Surface
 Raft/Brim
Light Polymerization
• Bit pricey
• Printers from 3K – 300K
• 1300 EUR for 2kg (objet)
• Material choices
• Resin-based (S...
Light Polymerization
• Resin deposition
• Resin curing (UV/laser)
• Post Processing
Light Polymerization
• Resin deposition
• Resin layers
• Multi Materials
• Spray/Bath
Light Polymerization
• Resin curing
• UV light (connex)
• DLP
• Laser (form1)
Light Polymerization
• Post Processing
• Snap-off
• Water-jet
Selective Laser Sintering
• Professional
• Very pricey
• High end results
• Lots of materials
• Accurate
• Powder based
Selective Laser Sintering
• Powder deposition
• Laser sintering
• Reusable support
Selective Laser Sintering
• Powder deposition
• All kinds of powders
• Plastics
• Metals
• Ceramics
• Composites
• Fragile
Selective Laser Sintering
• Laser Sintering
Selective Laser Sintering
• Laser Sintering
• Strong bonds
• Alloys
Selective Laser Sintering
• Reusable Support
CLIP
3D Modeling
 CAD
 Surface
 Sketchup / 123D / etc.
Computer Aided Design
Computer Aided Design
 Parametric: constraints whose values determine
the shape or geometry of the model
 Design intent:...
Computer Aided Design
Computer Aided Design
Surface Modeling
Surface Modeling
Surface Modeling
Surface Modeling
Surface Modeling
3D Modeling Software
• CAD Solidworks, Autodesk Inventor, Fusion 360
• Surface Blender, 3DS MAX, Rhino (Grashopper)
• Begi...
3D Scanning
3D Scanning
Materials (FDM)
• Plastics
• PLA (Polylactic acid)
• ABS (Acrylonitril-butadieen-styrene)
• PET (Polyethylene terephthalat...
Material Properties (FDM)
• Strength
• Stiffness / Flex
• Heat resistance / warp
• Durability
• Food Safe / Sterility
• Su...
Material Properties (FDM)
3D Printing for Healthcare
• First stage
• Prototyping for user impressions
• Prototyping for ergonomics, functionality, a...
3D Printing for Healthcare
For who are you designing?
 Medical Professionals (strict regulation)
 Home Care (medium regu...
3D Printing for Healthcare
For who are you designing?
 Medical Professionals (strict regulation)
 Home Care (medium regu...
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Medical Grade
Non invasive Healthcare
Non invasive Healthcare
Non invasive Healthcare
Mark Thielen, 2015
Open Source Community
Enablingthefuture.org
Open Source Community
Hu-Go, Thingiverse
Open Source Community
http://www.appropedia.org/
Sources
3D Print Models
 Thingiverse
 Youmagine
 Archive3D
 GrabCAD
 3D printing tips & tricks
 https://www.simplify...
Cool stuff
Presentation 3D-Printing Fundamentals & Printing for Healthcare
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Presentation 3D-Printing Fundamentals & Printing for Healthcare

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An introduction course in 3D Printing for industrial designers that work in healthcare projects.

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Presentation 3D-Printing Fundamentals & Printing for Healthcare

  1. 1. 3D Printing for Healthcare Roy van den Heuvel, 2015
  2. 2. 3D Printing for Healthcare  Why?  Fundamentals of 3D Printing  3D Printing for medical applications  Materials  Examples  Sources
  3. 3. “Growing up in a world that tells a lot of people what they cannot do and the desire to make a world where we tell little kids like me that they can do anything.” Why?
  4. 4. Crossing the gap between Engineers & Doctors
  5. 5. Moving towards a Participatory Mindset Sanders, 2008
  6. 6. Inspiration / hands-on experience for all stakeholders van den Heuvel, 2014
  7. 7. Rapid application of new ideas and knowledge Van de Beukering, 2014
  8. 8. Accessible, inexpensive and scalable complexity Nervous System
  9. 9. Creative expression Disney, 2015
  10. 10. Fundamentals of 3D Printing • 3D Printing • 3D Software
  11. 11. 3D Printing Methods • FDM • Light Polymerized (SLA/DLP) • Powder Bed (SLS/SLM) • CLIP/other
  12. 12. Fused Deposition Modeling • Affordable • Printers from EUR ~500,- • 30 EUR for 750g • Speed • Accessible • Limited form freedom • Tinker-heavy
  13. 13. Fused Deposition Modeling 1. Extruder 2. Layered filament 3. (Heated) printbed Cartesian: XYZ
  14. 14. Fused Deposition Modeling  Extruder  Hotend  Nozzle  Fans
  15. 15. Fused Deposition Modeling  Filament  Layers  Infill  Support
  16. 16. Fused Deposition Modeling  Printbed  Temperature  Surface  Raft/Brim
  17. 17. Light Polymerization • Bit pricey • Printers from 3K – 300K • 1300 EUR for 2kg (objet) • Material choices • Resin-based (Support) • Form freedom • (semi-) Professional
  18. 18. Light Polymerization • Resin deposition • Resin curing (UV/laser) • Post Processing
  19. 19. Light Polymerization • Resin deposition • Resin layers • Multi Materials • Spray/Bath
  20. 20. Light Polymerization • Resin curing • UV light (connex) • DLP • Laser (form1)
  21. 21. Light Polymerization • Post Processing • Snap-off • Water-jet
  22. 22. Selective Laser Sintering • Professional • Very pricey • High end results • Lots of materials • Accurate • Powder based
  23. 23. Selective Laser Sintering • Powder deposition • Laser sintering • Reusable support
  24. 24. Selective Laser Sintering • Powder deposition • All kinds of powders • Plastics • Metals • Ceramics • Composites • Fragile
  25. 25. Selective Laser Sintering • Laser Sintering
  26. 26. Selective Laser Sintering • Laser Sintering • Strong bonds • Alloys
  27. 27. Selective Laser Sintering • Reusable Support
  28. 28. CLIP
  29. 29. 3D Modeling  CAD  Surface  Sketchup / 123D / etc.
  30. 30. Computer Aided Design
  31. 31. Computer Aided Design  Parametric: constraints whose values determine the shape or geometry of the model  Design intent: how the creator of the part wants it to respond to changes and updates  Features: the shapes and operations that construct the part
  32. 32. Computer Aided Design
  33. 33. Computer Aided Design
  34. 34. Surface Modeling
  35. 35. Surface Modeling
  36. 36. Surface Modeling
  37. 37. Surface Modeling
  38. 38. Surface Modeling
  39. 39. 3D Modeling Software • CAD Solidworks, Autodesk Inventor, Fusion 360 • Surface Blender, 3DS MAX, Rhino (Grashopper) • Beginner ThinkerCAD, 123D Design, Sketchup
  40. 40. 3D Scanning
  41. 41. 3D Scanning
  42. 42. Materials (FDM) • Plastics • PLA (Polylactic acid) • ABS (Acrylonitril-butadieen-styrene) • PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) • Nylon (Polyamide) • Flexible plastics (TPE with polyurethane base) • Composites • Carbon Fiber • Metalfill (copper, brass, etc.) • Woodfill (bamboo, wood, etc.) • Others (coffee, beer, etc.)
  43. 43. Material Properties (FDM) • Strength • Stiffness / Flex • Heat resistance / warp • Durability • Food Safe / Sterility • Support structures • Printing Temperature • Bed adhesion • Shrinkage • Surface smoothness • Layer bonding • Print difficulty • Chemical resistance • Photosensitivity • Brittleness • Colors • Fumes • Cost
  44. 44. Material Properties (FDM)
  45. 45. 3D Printing for Healthcare • First stage • Prototyping for user impressions • Prototyping for ergonomics, functionality, aesthetics • Testing in non-medical or home-environment • Second Stage • Implementing safety (electronic, mechanical, etc.) • Making it sterilizable (temp, UV, chem) • Tackling guidelines (ISO) • Medical Ethical Committees
  46. 46. 3D Printing for Healthcare For who are you designing?  Medical Professionals (strict regulation)  Home Care (medium regulation)  DIY community (open source healthcare supplies) (no reg) What is the use case?  Tool  Installation  Wearable
  47. 47. 3D Printing for Healthcare For who are you designing?  Medical Professionals (strict regulation)  Home Care (medium regulation)  DIY community (open source healthcare supplies) (no reg) What is the use case?  Tool  Installation  Wearable
  48. 48. Medical Grade
  49. 49. Medical Grade
  50. 50. Medical Grade
  51. 51. Medical Grade
  52. 52. Medical Grade
  53. 53. Medical Grade
  54. 54. Medical Grade
  55. 55. Medical Grade
  56. 56. Non invasive Healthcare
  57. 57. Non invasive Healthcare
  58. 58. Non invasive Healthcare Mark Thielen, 2015
  59. 59. Open Source Community Enablingthefuture.org
  60. 60. Open Source Community Hu-Go, Thingiverse
  61. 61. Open Source Community http://www.appropedia.org/
  62. 62. Sources 3D Print Models  Thingiverse  Youmagine  Archive3D  GrabCAD  3D printing tips & tricks  https://www.simplify3d.com Troubleshooting Guide  Learn.colorfabb.com  Ultimaker Community Forums  http://support.3dverkstan.se/article/30-getting-better- prints
  63. 63. Cool stuff

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