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Restoring the Pulse
Bluestone Heights
Roy Larick
City of Euclid
boundary
Google Earth aerial viewer
© 2015 Bluestone Heigh...
Streams into Sewers
From 1890 to 1980, Euclid built
storm sewers to take excess
rainfall to Lake Erie (dark lines).
The se...
In four slide presentations,
Restoring the Pulse explores
the role of Green Infrastructure
for reviving the natural
regula...
Key to understanding Euclid
stormwater is the concept of
watershed or stream
catchment.
A watershed is the land surface
up...
Central Lake Erie south shore watersheds
Most regional watersheds are wide at their headwaters
and converge northward to L...
Lying mostly within city confines,
the escarpment run watersheds
formed a convenient base for
the Euclid storm sewer syste...
Stream-determined streets
Euclid’s topography trends
downward to Lake Erie. The
natural axis of descent is
southeast to no...
Stream-determined streets
Streams into Sewers
Restoring the Pulse
City of Euclid
boundary
Google Earth aerial viewer
200th...
Three major landforms:
The Portage Escarpment is a
shale ‘massif’ capped with Euclid
bluestone (fine, hard sandstone)
and,...
Stream headwaters issue from
more than a dozen deep ravines
on the escarpment face.
These headwaters coalesce
upon crossin...
The escarpment run
watersheds, like those of most
Lake Erie tributaries, are wide
at their headwater sources and
converge ...
LillyCreek
BabbittRun
Creek5
BurkRun
Salt
Run
FrissellRun
Euclid’s storm sewer system arose
in three ways.
Near the lake, ...
LillyCreek
BabbittRun
Creek5
BurkRun
Salt
Run
FrissellRun
Euclid’s stormwater catchments
derive from the escarpment run
wa...
Public Presentation
Euclid Public Library
June 10, 2015
City of Euclid
boundary
Google Earth aerial viewer
© 2015 Blueston...
Roy Larick
Walk back in time
Look to the Future
Bluestone Heights
© 2015 Bluestone Heights
A production by
bluestoneheight...
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Euclid Streams into Sewers

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In five SlideShares, Restoring the Pulse of Nature in Euclid presents two goals for stormwater Integrated Planning in Euclid, Ohio: a) Revive the natural regulation of stormwater at relatively low cost and high community benefit. b) Reconnect fragmented natural habitat areas as a means to build local biodiversity and natural capital.
SS#1, Streams into Sewers, maps Euclid’s natural watercourses and shows how they were made into storm sewers. The sewer system eliminated all but small segments of the streams and put the remaining segments underground. In making streams into sewers, we diminished the land’s inherent ability to hold back storm flows. We thus lost the natural pulse that regulates stormwater.
The five SlideShares:
1) Streams into Sewers: http://www.slideshare.net/roylarick/150307-1-streams-into-sewers
2) Initial Green Solutions: http://www.slideshare.net/roylarick/euclid-initial-green-solutions
3) Integrated Planning: http://www.slideshare.net/roylarick/euclid-integrated-green-plan
4) Eco-Greenways: http://www.slideshare.net/roylarick/euclid-bioretention-greenways
5) Euclid Ecology Unit: http://www.slideshare.net/roylarick/150324-euclid-ecology-unit

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Euclid Streams into Sewers

  1. 1. Restoring the Pulse Bluestone Heights Roy Larick City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer © 2015 Bluestone Heights Bluestone Heights bluestoneheights.org 2) Initial Green Solutions 3) Integrated Planning 4) Eco-Greenways 1) Streams into Sewers of Nature in Euclid 5) Euclid Ecology Unit Overview In five SlideShares, Restoring the Pulse presents two goals for stormwater Integrated Planning in Euclid, Ohio: • Revive the natural regulation of stormwater at relatively low cost and high community benefit. • Reconnect fragmented natural habitat areas as a means to build local biodiversity and natural capital.
  2. 2. Streams into Sewers From 1890 to 1980, Euclid built storm sewers to take excess rainfall to Lake Erie (dark lines). The sewer system eliminated all but small segments of our natural streams and put these segments underground (light lines). Restoring the Pulse In making streams into sewers, we diminished the land’s inherent ability to hold back storm flows. We thus lost the natural pulse that regulates stormwater. LillyCreek BabbittRun Creek5 BurkRun Salt Run FrissellRun Losing the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Stream-determined streets Euclid storm sewers
  3. 3. In four slide presentations, Restoring the Pulse explores the role of Green Infrastructure for reviving the natural regulation of stormwater at relatively low cost and high community benefit.* This first presentation illustrates Euclid’s natural watercourses (at left) and the means by which we made them into storm sewers. Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer In 2011, US EPA brought legal action against Euclid’s sewer utility. The EPA consent decree specifies Euclid’s Lake Erie pollution limits that must be achieved by 2025. * Restoring the Pulse 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd The larger goal is to comprehend how we might restore the natural pulse of stormwater as a means to redevelop Euclid in new, more sustainable ways. © 2015 Bluestone Heights Euclid natural stream courses
  4. 4. Key to understanding Euclid stormwater is the concept of watershed or stream catchment. A watershed is the land surface upon which rainfall gravitates to a particular stream. As rainfall hits the ground, some is absorbed as groundwater, making way slowly through the catchment. The remaining wetness becomes runoff to surface streams, which makes quick transit through the catchment and into Lake Erie. Let’s look at Euclid’s ‘sheds in their regional and local contexts. Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer The role of watersheds 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Stream-determined streets Euclid natural watersheds
  5. 5. Central Lake Erie south shore watersheds Most regional watersheds are wide at their headwaters and converge northward to Lake Erie. Smaller watersheds develop in the convergence areas close to the lake. Grand Chagrin Black Rocky Ashtabula Between the Cuyahoga and Chagrin Rivers, Doan, Dugway, Nine Mile and Euclid Creeks are miniature versions of the larger watersheds. Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Central Lake Erie Watershed Group
  6. 6. Lying mostly within city confines, the escarpment run watersheds formed a convenient base for the Euclid storm sewer system. Grand Chagrin Black Rocky Ashtabula Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Central Lake Erie south shore watersheds Euclid’s natural watersheds are among Lake Erie’s smallest. The streams drain the face of the Portage Escarpment across the lake plain to the lake. They are called ‘escarpment runs.’ Central Lake Erie Watershed Group
  7. 7. Stream-determined streets Euclid’s topography trends downward to Lake Erie. The natural axis of descent is southeast to northwest. In 1796, the Western Reserve survey applied a cardinal (north- south) grid to the landscape. By 1800, Euclid’s north-south thoroughfares were established on both orientations. The roads, such as Babbitt and Lloyd, follow nature. The streets, such as East 200th, 222nd and 260th, follow survey lines. East-west roads follow Erie shoreline features. Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Nature-culture weave 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights
  8. 8. Stream-determined streets Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights By 1890, Euclid Township’s northeast corner began to grow with housing and industry. In 1903, Euclid Village seceded from the township with 3,000 residents. In 1931, the village became a city with a population of 10,000. In 1970, Euclid population peaked at 71,000. By 2010, the city had dropped to fewer than 50,000 residents. In 2015, Euclid is a ‘shrinking’ city with an overabundance of paved surfaces and an antiquated sewer system. Nature-culture weave
  9. 9. Three major landforms: The Portage Escarpment is a shale ‘massif’ capped with Euclid bluestone (fine, hard sandstone) and, above, the Euclid Moraine (a long ribbon of soft glacial debris). Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Euclid terrain basics 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd The St Clair Terrace has a shale surface leveled by the surf of ancient glacial lakes. The lake plain is covered with soft glacial debris and lake bottom clay. © 2015 Bluestone Heights
  10. 10. Stream headwaters issue from more than a dozen deep ravines on the escarpment face. These headwaters coalesce upon crossing the terrace and lake plain. In the flat areas, ancient beach ridges hinder northward flow. The streams thus tend to run westward. At the same time, newer streams grow southward from the lake. These can ‘capture’ older head-waters in direct course to the lake. Lilly Creek thus captured the Gawne and Frissell headwaters. Creek 5 captured Babbitt heads. Burk may have captured Creek 5 headwaters. City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Escarpment Run capture 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Euclid natural stream courses
  11. 11. The escarpment run watersheds, like those of most Lake Erie tributaries, are wide at their headwater sources and converge toward the lake. Escarpment run headwaters flow northward from the crest of the Euclid Moraine. Chardon Rd follows this crest. South of Chardon Rd, runoff goes to Euclid Creek’s east branch. Very small streams drain the shoreline convergence areas. City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Escarpment Run watersheds 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Euclid natural watersheds
  12. 12. LillyCreek BabbittRun Creek5 BurkRun Salt Run FrissellRun Euclid’s storm sewer system arose in three ways. Near the lake, streams were culverted and buried within their shoreline ravines (light lines). In lake plain residential areas, the street storm sewer system (dark lines) took in the stream flows. Natural courses were abandoned. On the terrace, streams were re- channeled and sometimes buried in relation to industrial facilities. All stormwater still reaches the lake at the mouths of the original natural streams. The routes to the mouths, nevertheless, are now circuitous. City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Storm sewers system 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Euclid storm sewers
  13. 13. LillyCreek BabbittRun Creek5 BurkRun Salt Run FrissellRun Euclid’s stormwater catchments derive from the escarpment run watersheds, but are significantly modified. Just as north-flowing natural streams capture west-flowing streams, north-flowing trunk storm sewers can capture west- flowing stormwater. In result, Euclid storm sewer catchments are lodged between the major north-south streets. The exception is on the escarpment plateau where there are no major north-south streets. Here, the small sewer catchment s reflect the natural watersheds. City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer Storm sewer catchments 200th 222nd Babbitt 260th Lloyd © 2015 Bluestone Heights Streams into Sewers Restoring the Pulse Euclid storm sewer catchments
  14. 14. Public Presentation Euclid Public Library June 10, 2015 City of Euclid boundary Google Earth aerial viewer © 2015 Bluestone Heights Restoring the Pulse Bluestone Heights bluestoneheights.org 2) Initial Green Solutions 3) Integrated Planning 4) Eco-Greenways 1) Streams into Sewers of Nature in Euclid 5) Euclid Ecology Unit
  15. 15. Roy Larick Walk back in time Look to the Future Bluestone Heights © 2015 Bluestone Heights A production by bluestoneheights.org roylarick@gmail.com Euclid bluestone outcrop Doan Brook, Cleveland OHR. Larick

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