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The Effects of ICT


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Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

The Effects of ICT

  1. 1. The Effects of ICT Roy Julian Sharen
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is copyright? Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works. </li></ul><ul><li>Software copyright . </li></ul><ul><li>It is used by proprietary software companies to prevent the unauthorized copying of their software. It is also used by proponents of open source software to encourage the disclosure of improvements to source code . </li></ul>
  3. 3. ICT Effects <ul><li>A loss of jobs </li></ul><ul><li>New jobs being created </li></ul><ul><li>The retraining of staff </li></ul>
  4. 4. The effects of microprocessor-controlled devices <ul><li>The effects on leisure time </li></ul><ul><li>The effects on social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>The effects on the need </li></ul><ul><li>to leave the home </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Repetitive Processing (e.g. mail merge, payroll) </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Data Storage Processing & Searching </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of Data Communications – (e-mail) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ability to Produce Different Output Formats </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to backup data easily and use password protection or encryption. </li></ul>Capabilities
  6. 6. <ul><li>Web 2.0 is the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the Internet as platform , and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform </li></ul><ul><li>M aintained by an individual, with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. </li></ul><ul><li>Combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages , and other media related to its topic </li></ul>Web 2.0 Blogs
  7. 7. <ul><li>Hacker's attack aiming to redirect a website 's traffic to another, bogus website. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharming can be conducted either by changing the host file on a victim’s computer or by exploitation of a vulnerability in DNS server software . </li></ul><ul><li>Phishing is an attempt to criminically and fraudulently acquire sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords and credit card details, by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Hacking </li></ul>Hacking  involves breaking codes and passwords to gain unauthorized entry to computer systems. Once into a computer system a hacker can do an enormous amount of damage. Computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user.
  9. 9. Health Risks: Repetitive Strain Injury ( RSI ) - This is caused by repetitive finger movements over long periods of time and can cause serious pain in the finger joints. Solutions - to reduce the risk of RSI you should: <ul><li>Have your keyboard positioned correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a good typing technique </li></ul><ul><li>Take regular breaks from using the keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Use ergonomically-designed keyboards where the keys are split and contoured for the hands. </li></ul>It is important to realize that working with computers, particularly for long periods of time , can be dangerous to your health. To create a safe working environment, the following factors should be considered. Next
  10. 10. RSI Issues Eye Strain - Eye strain is quite common among people using monitors over extended periods of time. It can result in irritated eyes and blurred vision. Solutions - to reduce eye strain, users should look away from the monitor and focus on a distant object from time to time to relax their eye muscles. A screen glare deflector can help some users.
  11. 11. Back problems - Sitting at the computer for long periods of time is never comfortable. Leaning back in the chair reduces the pressure on the spine but then the arms have to reach forward to the keyboard creating muscle tension which leads to aches and pains in the neck, shoulders, back and arms. Solutions - while working at the keyboard, the correct seating position is sitting upright with the feet flat and the lower arms and thighs in a roughly horizontal position. Adjustable chairs that give the maximum support for the back are also best.
  12. 12. <ul><li>Safety Risks: </li></ul><ul><li>Power supply : </li></ul><ul><li>Computers are generally connected to 240v mains electricity and must be treated with care. The computer should be properly earthed and the plugs should have the correct fuses </li></ul><ul><li>Trailing electrical leads should be avoided to reduce the risk of tripping or them being damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>There should be enough power sockets to avoid power sockets being overloaded </li></ul><ul><li>Mains plugs and leads must be checked for safety once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Fire risks: </li></ul><ul><li>In case of a fire, the fire extinguishers should be powder-based or CO 2 ( carbon dioxide ) devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Water-based fire extinguishers should not be used on electrical appliances. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>KLB School Website </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>BBC website </li></ul>