Sound Effects in Poetry
Alliteration, Assonance and Rhyme
& how they can contribute to
meaning
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds
My stick fingers click with a snicker
Light footed my steel feelers flicker
. ...
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds
My stick fingers click with a snicker
Light footed my steel feelers flicker
. . . I’m...
Focus on sound not spelling
“Sleigh,” “ rain”, “page” assonate
though they are spelled differently.
“Cycle” and “sail” all...
onomatopoeia
Words that sound like what they
mean
• Some single words are
onomatopoeias

– buzz, ding-dong, bang, hush
– m...
onomatopoeia
• Alliteration or assonance can
create an onomatopoeia
– “the monstrous anger of the
guns: the stuttering rif...
Rhyme--words with a similar
sound
Exact Rhyme-perfect assonance
on a stressed
syllable followed
by the exact same
sounds
E...
Near Rhyme
Consonance-- same final consonant
• home/same death/truth
Alliteration + Assonance+ different final sound
• bla...
Other names for rhymes
Exact Rhyme is also called
Perfect Rhyme.
Near Rhyme is also called
•
•
•
•

slant rhyme
approximat...
Positions of rhymes
The splendor falls on castle walls
And snowy summits old in story
The long light shakes across the
lak...
Rhyme scheme
A rhyme scheme is a pattern of end
rhymes used in a poem.
Certain fixed forms call for certain
rhyme schemes....
Labeling a Rhyme Scheme
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil;
It...
Labeling a Rhyme Scheme
The world is charged with the grandeur of God. a
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; ...
Look for Internal Rhyme
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil;
It...
Look for Internal Rhyme
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil;
It...
Look for Assonance and
Alliteration
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from sh...
Look for Assonance and
Alliteration
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from sh...
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Sound effect

  1. 1. Sound Effects in Poetry Alliteration, Assonance and Rhyme & how they can contribute to meaning
  2. 2. Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds My stick fingers click with a snicker Light footed my steel feelers flicker . . . I’m light like the moon
  3. 3. Assonance Repetition of vowel sounds My stick fingers click with a snicker Light footed my steel feelers flicker . . . I’m light like the moon
  4. 4. Focus on sound not spelling “Sleigh,” “ rain”, “page” assonate though they are spelled differently. “Cycle” and “sail” alliterate though they are spelled differently. “Ice” and “fish” don’t assonate. The “ i” sound is different though it is spelled the same.
  5. 5. onomatopoeia Words that sound like what they mean • Some single words are onomatopoeias – buzz, ding-dong, bang, hush – meow, woof, quack – squeak, whisper, titter
  6. 6. onomatopoeia • Alliteration or assonance can create an onomatopoeia – “the monstrous anger of the guns: the stuttering rifles rapid rattle” The repeated r and t sounds make this line sound like machine gunfire
  7. 7. Rhyme--words with a similar sound Exact Rhyme-perfect assonance on a stressed syllable followed by the exact same sounds Eye Rhyme--looks like exact rhyme but pronounced differently Examples of Exact Rhyme • • • • cat/sat kitten/mitten bumbling/fumbling alone/stone Examples of Eye Rhyme • Blood/Food Cow/Low • Love/Move
  8. 8. Near Rhyme Consonance-- same final consonant • home/same death/truth Alliteration + Assonance+ different final sound • blade/blame tight/tide Initial Alliteration + Consonance • blade/blood same/some identical unstressed syllable following a different stressed sound • drowning/moaning
  9. 9. Other names for rhymes Exact Rhyme is also called Perfect Rhyme. Near Rhyme is also called • • • • slant rhyme approximate rhyme half rhyme off rhyme I will use “exact” and “near.”
  10. 10. Positions of rhymes The splendor falls on castle walls And snowy summits old in story The long light shakes across the lakes And the wild cataract leaps to glory falls/walls shakes/lakes are internal rhymes. story/glory is an end rhyme. All these rhymes are exact
  11. 11. Rhyme scheme A rhyme scheme is a pattern of end rhymes used in a poem. Certain fixed forms call for certain rhyme schemes. We mark a rhyme scheme by labeling the first final sound a. If the next final sound rhymes with the first it also gets an a, otherwise a b and so on.
  12. 12. Labeling a Rhyme Scheme The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.
  13. 13. Labeling a Rhyme Scheme The world is charged with the grandeur of God. a It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; b It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil b Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? a Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; a And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; b And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil b Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod. a
  14. 14. Look for Internal Rhyme The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.
  15. 15. Look for Internal Rhyme The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.
  16. 16. Look for Assonance and Alliteration The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.
  17. 17. Look for Assonance and Alliteration The world is charged with the grandeur of God. It will flame out, like shining from shook foil; It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod? Generations have trod, have trod, have trod; And all is seared with trade; bleared, smeared with toil; And wears man’s smudge and shares man’s smell: the soil Is bare now, nor can foot feel, being shod.

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