Graphic Design Thesaurus 1Roxanne MappProfessor Ron MillerThesaurus Design and ConstructionLIS 642-1April 14, 2010
Graphic Design Thesaurus 2AbstractThe Digital Revolution has paved the way for the emergenceof the World Wide Web which makes for the easy access ofimage and digital catalogs through web searches and thesauri.It is apparent that through the cataloging process, files andfolders will be appropriately organized by interrelated terms.This paper seeks to illustrate the different principles,practices and agents of thesaurus design and construction.
Graphic Design Thesaurus 3Graphic Design DefinitionGraphic Design can be defined as a form of visualcommunication. Visuals, text, illustrations, art and typographyare all components that can make up graphic design.Meggs (1998) stated that graphic design has been definedas the visual message from prehistory through the medieval era(pp1). This statement holds true to this day.Target AudienceThe Graphic Design Thesaurus will serve as an informationretrieval thesaurus constructed for students and practitionersof graphic design and related fields.Graphic Design Thesaurus OverviewRoe, Sandra K. and Thomas Alan R. (2004) note thata thesaurus is a dynamic part of an organization’s informationand knowledge management system (pp 70).The Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1is a just one example of a thesaurus that will serve as apoint of reference for this assignment. The core of thisthesaurus is a list of approximately 150 preferred graphic designterms that have been selected and arranged in alphabeticaland hierarchal order for use in indexing, cataloging,classification and other applications.
Graphic Design Thesaurus 4Alphabetical Listing Graphic Design ThesaurusAbstract DrawingsBT: Abstract worksBT: DrawingsAdvertising AgenciesSN: Includes activitiesand structuresBT: Service industry facilitiesRT: AdvertisementsAbstract WorksSN: Images in which thedepiction of real imageshave been distorted.NT: Abstract drawingsNT: Abstract paintingsNT: Abstract imagesNT: Abstract photosNT: Abstract worksAdvertisementsSN: Visual/verbal messageintended to inform,motivate or provoke.Availability of goods orservices through print,web, television and radio.UF: AdsBT: Communicative worksNT: CommercialsNT: Display advertisementsRT: Advertising designAcetateSN: Drawing surface andprotective surface.Different weights indifferent finishes.Clear, frosted andprefixed.UF: SurfacesBT: Safety film negativesAdvertising CampaignsSN: For the general activityof promoting a productor service.UF: AdsBT: CommunicationNT: CommercialsNT: Merchandise displaysRT: Advertising agenciesRT: PublicityRT: LogosRT: Advertising designAdsUSE: AdvertisementsNT: Magazine adsNT: Newspaper adsAfrican ArtBT: ArtNT: North AfricanNT: Art by region
Graphic Design Thesaurus 5Graphic Design ThesaurusAlignmentBT: Properties of LayoutNT: Base alignmentNT: Decimal alignmentNT: SkewBad BreaksBT: Typographical artifactsNT: HyphosNT: Orphans (typesetting)NT: Widows (typesetting)RT: BreaksAlphabetsUF: Letters of the alphabetBT: Writing systemsNT: InitialsBar GraphsUF: Bar chartsBT: GraphsNT: PresentationAlternate CharactersUSE: Expert fontsBT: LetterformsNT: FinalsNT: Swash charactersBase AlignmentBT: AlignmentRT: BaselineArt DirectorsBT: Art occupationBillboardsBT: Created works to viewRT: AdvertisementsArt NouveauBT: Art styles (Late nineteenthand early twentiethcentury styles.NT: European artBinding (production process)UF: BookbindingBT: Finishing (productionprocess)NT: Manual bookbindingRT: Binding (objects)Art ReproductionsSN: Commercially published,printed copies ofindividual prints, drawingsand other two-dimensionalworks of art.BT: DuplicationsBlack and White PrintersUF: Monochrome printersBT: Printers byquality of light
Graphic Design Thesaurus 6Graphic Design ThesaurusBlendingBT: Visual techniquesRT: GradationCADUF: Computer-aided designBT: Design activitiesBleedBT: Page elementsNT: Full-color bleedCalligraphyBT: Writing stylesRT: ArtBlogsBT: WebsitesNT: Digital journalsCatalogsSN: Systematic grouping ofimages and text.BT: Communicative worksUF: CataloguesNT: Sales catalogsRT: Sample booksBordersUF: Border designsBT: Graphic elementsCharactersSN: Writing system units.UF: Word creationsBT: Symbols of languageBoldUF: Bold fontBT: Typestyles by weightClip ArtUF: Graphic designBT: Creative works of designBusiness CardsSN: Small cards that containthe name and address of anorganization or business.UF: BusinessBT: CardsRT: Advertising cardsColorBT: Physical conditionNT: Spot colorRT: Chromatics
Graphic Design Thesaurus 7Graphic Design ThesaurusColor WheelUSE: Circular wheels on whichcolored paper disks aremounted to illustrate thearrangement of the huesof the spectrum.UF: Color choicesUF: Wheels, colorCopyBT: Created worksfor productionNT: Positional elementNT: Layout textCommercial ArtUSE: Graphic design drawings.CopyBT: Created worksfor productionNT: Positional elementCommunicationBT: Social scienceNT: Visual communicationData Storage DevicesUF: Storage devicesBT: Computer peripheralsNT: Flash drivesNT: Hard drivesCompositionUSE: TypesettingBT: ComponentsNT: Narrative compositionDecorative ElementsBT: Graphic elementsby functionNT: BordersComputer GraphicsSN: Images created with acomputer system.UF: Computer generated imagesBT: ImagesNT: Digital illustrationsDecorative PaperBT: Paper typesNT: Colored paperNT: Textured paperContrastUSE: DramaBT: Properties of lightNT: Light and darkDensityBT: Image propertiesNT: Contrast
Graphic Design Thesaurus 8Graphic Design ThesaurusDesignBT: ArtNT: Advertising designNT: Book designNT: Graphic designNT: Industrial designRT: DesignersDisplay AdvertisementsUF: Display AdvertisingBT: AdvertisementsRT: Advertising designRT: Design advertisingDesktop PublishingUF: Desktop PublishingBT: Design productionDrop ShadowsUSE: Offset elementsBT: Decorative elementsDiagramsUSE: LanguagesBT: Figures by functionEditorsBT: People by occupationNT: Copy editorsRT: EditingDigital CamerasBT: CamerasRT: Digital photographyEllipsesBT: Geometric figuresNT: CirclesRT: OvalsDimensionsSN: Measures of distanceand density.BT: MeasurementsNT: SizeNT: Pixels per inchEmbossingUSE: Raised pattern ona surfaceBT: Finishing productionprocessNT: Blind embossingDingbatsBT: Printer’s ornamentsNT: Pointing handNT: StarEngravingBT: PrintsNT: MezzotintsRT: Printing process
Graphic Design Thesaurus 9Graphic Design ThesaurusEPSUF: Encapsulated Post ScriptBT: Post Script equationsRT: TIFFFinding aidsBT: Created works by functionNT: Archival catalogsNT: Archival guidesEquipmentSN: Typically stationaryObjects used in productionBT: Objects by functionNT: Computer hardwareNT: Printing equipmentNT: Typesetting equipmentFirst proofsBT: ProofsRT: Original draftsNT: DraftsEtchings (Prints)BT: Intaglio printsNT: AquatintsRT: Etching(production process)Flash drivesUF: Thumb drivesBT: Solid state drivesNT: Flash drivesFabricBT: SurfacesFlatbed scannersBT: ScannersFace (type)SN: The printing surface of aunit of typeBT: Parts of a unit of typeFlexographyBT: Letterpress printingRT: Off-set printingFile formatsBT: Representation of dataNT: Graphics file formatsRT: File conversionRT: File compressionFloppy drivesBT: Data storage devicesRT: Floppy disks
Graphic Design Thesaurus 10Graphic Design ThesaurusFont ManagementUF: Font managersBT: Software by functionGrayscale imagesBT: ImagesRT: Half-tone imagesGamutSN: Range of colors and outputdevice is capableof producingUF: Color gamutBT: Measures of visible lightGreeting CardsBT: CardsNT: Easter cardsNT: Birthday cardsGlossariesBT: End matterRT: IndexesHandwriting StylesBT: HandwritingNT: CalligraphyNT: CursiveNT: Printing handwritingGraphic ArtsBT: Visual artsNT: Information graphicsHeadingsUF: Heads (text elements)BT: Textual elementsby functionNT: Headings by formGraphic DesignSN: To plan and createtypography and imagesfor commercial purposessuch as: posters, brochurespress ads, newslettersBT: DesignNT: Catalog designNT: Package designHickeysSN: Blemishes on proofsOr printed matterUF: Dirt (printing flaws)BT: Printing flawsHigh-resolution ProofsBT: ProofsGraphic TypefacesBT: Typefaces by styleNT: Bold facesRT: Fonts
Graphic Design Thesaurus 11Graphic Design ThesaurusHome PagesUF: Point of referenceBT: Web pagesImagesettersBT: Printing equipmentNT: Compu-graphicimage settersHTMLUF: Hypertext Markup LanguageBT: Markup languagesRT: Computer codeIndentsUF: IndentationBT: White space by functionNT: Box indentsNT: Paragraph indentsHyperlinksUF: Web navigationNT: Highlighted or unlined wordsNT: Coded imagesIndexesBT: End matterRT: Computer codeIdeographsSN: Symbols to represent ideasor conceptsBT: PictographsRT: ImagesInformation DesignBT: DesignRT: Information architectureIllustrationUF: Images that explain writtenor illustrated textor imagesBT: PicturesNT: Book illustrationsNT: Technical illustrationsNT: Graphic Design drawingsInformation TechnologySN: Processing of data viacomputers, the use oftechnologies from computing,electronics, andtelecommunications.BT: InformationImages, ElectronicUSE: Electronic ImagesInternetBT: Communication mediaRT: World Wide Web
Graphic Design Thesaurus 12Graphic Design ThesaurusInvitationsSN: Request to be presentor participate.BT: Short lived materialsNT: Wedding invitationsLaminationSN: Plastic coating to protectprinted materials.BT: Finishing productionprocessItalicsBT: Character stylesNT: Typesetting styleLaser PrintersSN: Computer peripheral device.BT: Printers by methodJAVABT: Programming languageLayoutSN: Arrangement of typeand visuals on aformat or page.BT: Design productionprocessKerningBT: Intercharacter spaceNT: Automatic kerningNT: Optical kerningLeadingSN: Used to increase spacebetween lines of type.BT: Properties of layoutKeyboardsBT: Input devicesNT: Letter selectionLine ArtSN: Vector based art.BT: ArtKitschBT: Popular appeal artLinkSN: Connection from oneweb page to another.BT: Character partsRT: Connection
Graphic Design Thesaurus 13Graphic Design ThesaurusLogosSN: Identifying mark fora product, serviceor organization.BT: Visual symbolRT: TrademarkMock-upSN: Facsimile of a printeddesign piece.BT: LayoutLowercaseSN: The smaller set of letters.BT: LettersNT: Common lettersModern ArtSN: Painting, sculpture,architecture, characteristicof the 20th centuryBT: ArtMagazinesSN: Periodic publicationBT: PeriodicalsNT: Magazine subscriptionNT: Free magazineMultimediaBT: Created worksby formMechanical DrawingsSN: Drawings prepared withmechanical devices,such as ruling pens,and other drafting tools.UF: Drawings, mechanicalsBT: Design drawingsMuralsBT: ArtRT: Cave drawingsRT: MosaicsMemory cardsBT: ArtNavigation BarsUF: NavbarsBT: Textual elements by functionMinimalismSN: Art in simplistic form.BT: ArtNT: ABC artNT: Minimal artNewslettersBT: Communicative works
Graphic Design Thesaurus 14Graphic Design ThesaurusNon-breaking spaceUF: Hard spaceUF: No break spaceBT: Word spaceOpacityBT: DensityNonrepro BlueUF: Nonphoto blueBT: Color by functionOptical AlignmentUF: Optical justificationUF: Visual alignmentRT: OpticalNumeralsUF: FiguresUF: DigitsBT: Alphanumeric charactersNT: Roman numeralsOptical Scanning ResolutionSN: Mechanical resolutionability of a scannerusing built-in opticaland hardware power.RT: Optical scannerNT: ScannerOCRUF: Optical CharacterRecognitionBT: DigitizationOrphansBT: Bad breaksOffset PrintingSN: Planographic methodof printingUF: Offset photolithographyBT: PhotolithographyOutline FontsUF: Vector fontsUF: Scalable fontsBT: Digital fonts by formOldstyle typefacesUF: Old-style typefacesBT: Typefaces by styleOutput ResolutionBT: Resoultion
Graphic Design Thesaurus 15Graphic Design ThesaurusPackage DesignBT: Graphic designRT: PackagingPaperUF: PaperRT: OrigamiRT: Paper productsRT: Printing IndustryPage Description LanguageSN: Program that containsthe commands for a printerto take the text andgraphics generated ona computer for placementon a printed page.UF: PDLBT: Computer languagesNT: PostscriptPaper IndustryBT: IndustryNT: Paper industryRT: PaperRT: Paper productsParchmentUF: VellumBT: Hides and skinsPage NumbersUF: Folios (typography)BT: Page numbersNT: Blind foliosNT: Fixed foliosNT: PaginationPasswordsBT: Security systemsRT: CommunicationPastel drawingsUSE: Pastels (visual works)PatentsSN: Copyright on an invention.BT: Intellectual propertyRT: InventionsPaletteBT: ColorPamphletsSN: Published non-periodicalvolumes with or withouta cover.UF: BookletsNT: PressbooksRT: BooksRT: Leaflets
Graphic Design Thesaurus 16Graphic Design ThesaurusPhotoshopSN: Photo editingsoftware programUF: Photo editingUF: Computer graphicsSans-serifSN: Term used to categorizetypefaces without finishingstrokes at the end oftheir letterform.RT: SerifQuarkXPressBT: Page layout programT-shirtsBT: ClothesQuotation MarksUF: Quote marksBT: Specific punctuationcharactersNT: Quotation marks by formVisual CommunicationUSE: Graphic designBT: CommunicationNT: Written communicationRAMUF: Random-access memoryBT: Memory devicesWeb DesignBT: DesignRT: World Wide WebRT: Web sitesRegistration MarksSN: Pinholes cross marks,or other devices used toalign prints passedthrough a press morethan once.UF: Registration marksBT: MarksRT: PrintsWriting SystemsBT: Representationof languageNT: AlphabetsRT: CellocutsZIP DriveBT: DriveNT: StorageNT: DiskRelief PrintsUF: Block printsBT: PrintsNT: Woodcuts
Graphic Design Thesaurus 19Thesaurus KeySN: Scope Notes UF: Used for USE: Use insteadBT: Broader term NT: Narrower Term: RT: Related termConclusionThis Graphic Design Thesaurus contains a listing of150 graphic design, digital and printing terms. While all of theterms in this industry were not covered, the end user will gaina basic understanding of graphic design by accessing thissimple thesaurus.Prior to taking this course I had no idea how effectivelythesauri worked. Even though this was a great exercise inpatience as well, I was happy that I was able to experiencewhat in reality, is now a part of my profession.The information that was retrieved also provided me witha great amount of knowledge and useful information.Will (2004) confirms that by adapting Ranganathan’s fifth“Law of Library Science” it has become clear that “A thesaurusis a growing organism,” and as a result it is an important aspectof information management (pp 76).
Graphic Design Thesaurus 20Works CitedMeggs, P. B. (1998). A History of Graphic Design (3rd ed.).New York: John Wiley & Sons.Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. (1995).Thesaurus for graphic materials I: Subject terms. RetrievedApril 10, 2010, from http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/search?q=mechanical%20&co=tgmCatalogers Workshop. (2009, October 6. Library of Congress.Retrieved April 9, 2010, fromwww.loc.gov/catworkshop/courses/thesaurus/pdf/cont-vocab-thes-trnee-manual.pdfGreenwald, M. L., & Luttropp, J.C.(2000). Graphic DesignGlossary. Graphic Design and Production Technology (1 ed.,pp.265-284). Alexandria, VA: Prentice Hall.Guidelines for the Construction, Format, and Management ofMonolingual Controlled Vocabularies. National InformationStandards Organization. Retrieved January 25, 2010, fromhttp://www.niso.orgRoe, Sandra K., & Thomas, Alan R (2004). The ThesaurusReview, Renaissance and Revision. Haworth Information Press.Will, L. (1992, February 20). Thesaurus principles and practice.Willpower Information: information management consultants.Retrieved April 11, 2010, fromhttp://www.willpowerinfo.co.uk/thesprin.htm