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Russian History Fall 09 Class 6

  1. 1. Russian History Fall 09 Class 6Instructor Joe Boisvert GCCC Encore<br />Summary From Catherine the Great to Nicholas 2nd and Preview<br />
  2. 2. Prison Populations Worldwide US has the most followed by Russia<br />
  3. 3. What Remains Now from Old Mother Russia<br />
  4. 4. Remnants of Old Russia (Now)<br />
  5. 5. The Viking in Russia<br />
  6. 6. Brief Summary of Russian History Thus Far<br />Nomadic Agrarian Based Society. Living in Small Extended Family Units, Very Superstitious .<br /> Vikings come in 8th and 9th Century as Raiders and Traders using Russia’s River.<br />Viking become Rulers and Princesses of Russia brought Byzantine Christianity to Russia.<br />Development of Russian Orthodox Church strong Byzantine Influence <br />Mongol Invasion in 13th Century stayed for over two hundred years. Russia missed the Renaissance in going on in Europe.<br />
  7. 7. The Mongol Invasion of Russia<br />
  8. 8. Continue Brief History<br />Mongols expelled; kept some influences in the South of Russia.<br />Teutonic Knights and Russian Knights fight Catholic Influences in Eastern Europe wanted Russian to become Catholic Country.<br />Ivan the Terrible become one of the First Tsars develops the principal of ruling by Divine Right to Rule coming directly from God, not man.<br />The Years of Troubles and continuous warfare. <br />
  9. 9. Russia in the Middle Ages<br />
  10. 10. This Semesters Period of History<br />Peter the Great the Great Reformer and man who Westernized and Modernized Russia.<br />Elizabeth most Russian of the Rulers brought Culture in form of Classical Music, Theater, and Dance to Russia.<br />Catherine the Great a German Born Relation continued Peter the Greats Reforms until the she abruptly stopped after the French Revolution.<br />
  11. 11. French Revolution During Catherine the Great Reign<br />
  12. 12. The Tyrants<br />Nicholas the 1st (Decembrist Revolution to try and Put Constantine on Throne.<br />Alexander the 3rd strong autocratic, strong secret police<br />Nicholas the 2nd The last Tsar, autocratic and strong ruler would not give up the Divine Right of Rule.<br />
  13. 13. 19 th Century Reformers<br />Alexander the 1st– Lost several strategic Battles with Napoleon then defeated France when they invaded Russian in June of 1812.<br />Alexander the 2nd – Strong Reformer, Emancipation of the Serfs in 1862. Very liberal ruler assassinated by nillehest.<br />
  14. 14. Alexander Pushkin One of the Most Famous Russian Poets – Fiery Leader of Intellectuals , committed to Social Reform<br />Boris Godunov - drama by  Pushkin, written in 1825, published in 1831, but not approved for performance by the censor until` Boris Godunov, who reigned as Tsar from 1598 to 1605. Not performed in Uncensored form till 2007.<br />
  15. 15. Leo Tolstoy, or Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy Born 1828 – Died ,1910),<br />Was a Russian writer widely regarded as among the greatest of novelists. His masterpieces War and Peace and Anna Karenina represent in their scope, breadth and vivid depiction of 19th-century Russian life and attitudes, the peak of realist fiction.<br />Tolstoy&apos;s further talents as essayist, dramatist, and educational reformer made him the most influential member of the aristocratic Tolstoy family. <br />
  16. 16. Leo Tolstoy - Pacifist<br />His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. <br />His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Gandhi[1] and Martin Luther King,jr.<br />
  17. 17. Only color photograph of the novelist Tolstoy’s, shot at his estate in 1908 by Prokudin-Gorskii, a pioneer of color photography<br />Tolstoy&apos;s’ Family <br />
  18. 18. Tolstoy’s fiction consistently attempts to convey realistically the Russian society in which he lived.<br />Tolstoy&apos;s earliest works, the Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856), tell of a rich landowner&apos;s son and his slow realization of the chasm between himself and his peasants. <br />Tolstoy served as a second lieutenant in an artillery regiment during the Crimean War, recounted in his Sevastopol Sketches. His experiences in battle helped stir his subsequent pacifism and gave him material for realistic depiction of war&apos;s horrors in his later work.<br />
  19. 19. Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky (Russian: Writer, Exiled to Siberia)<br />Born 1821Moscow, Russian Empire<br />Died: 1881 (aged 59)Saint Petersburg, Russian EmpireOccupationNovelist, literary fiction<br />Notable Works<br />Crime and PunishmentThe IdiotThe Brothers Karamazov<br />
  20. 20. Symbol of the<br />Russian Empire<br />(Romanov Dynasty<br />
  21. 21. First Cousins Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Britain&apos;s King George V<br />Ref. Life Magazine<br />
  22. 22. Family of the “Last Tsar” of Russia<br />
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  27. 27. Tsar Nicholas&apos; wrong decisions and bad luck lead to the Bolshevik revolution, soon after they are arrested as a family and sent to exileThe End Part 2 To be Continued<br />