Ancient Egyptian History Class One, 2010, Fall (2400 BC To Approximately 1400 BC)


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Brief summary of Ancient Egyptian History from prehistory to the development from hunters and gathers to civilization. The special circumstances that made the Old Kingdom possible and the most secure Kingdom in Egyptian History.

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Ancient Egyptian History Class One, 2010, Fall (2400 BC To Approximately 1400 BC)

  1. 1. Ancient Egyptian History 2400 BC to approximately 1400 BC<br />Topic for Discussion: Brief Review then Class Discussion Starting with <br />The First Intermediate Period which followed the <br />Old Kingdom<br />Class One Fall 2010<br />GCCC – Encore – Instructor<br />Joe Boisvert<br />
  2. 2. Why we Study Egypt<br />Oldest Civilization (3000 plus years)<br />Monumental Buildings, Pyramids, Temples, Statues<br />Ancient Religion<br />Ancient Roots to Modern Medicine<br />One of the First Civilizations<br />Biblical Roots<br />Possibly First Place Where Written Language was Created<br />Creation of Paper, Jewelry, Pottery, Art<br />One of the Most Important Libraries of the Old World<br />One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World<br />Historical<br />Links to Now<br />
  3. 3. Review Class One Egypt Fall 2010<br />Long ago the Egyptian People Emerged from the hunting and gathering groups and began the long journey to Civilization.<br />They seemed to evolve fully formed into a organized culture with a Religion and a Strong Ritualized Burial Concept.<br />Early on in their Development they United Lower and Upper Egypt under one Pharaoh and created a Capital City in Memphis near present day Cairo. <br />
  4. 4. Review Class One Egypt Fall 2010<br />The Old Kingdom was in many ways the high of Achievement for the Egyptian Culture and Civilization. The Statures showed figures proud and Not Afraid.<br />
  5. 5. Old Kingdom - Religion, Art, Organization, Society and Security<br />Proud Noble People Starting more than 3000 years of Civilization<br />
  6. 6. Old Kingdom was Period of Monumental Pyramid Building<br />
  7. 7. Egypt in the Old Kingdom had Security<br />In Egypt there was very little rain. However the Nile provided water that when used properly could provide the richest harvest in the Old World. The Nile was predictable it flooded every year at the same time. Egypt was Isolated<br />Mesopotamia and Other Old World Locations had to depend on rain for there major source of water. Rain is not predictable. <br />Surrounded by Enemies.<br />
  8. 8.<br />
  9. 9. Events Leading to the First Intermediate Period<br />
  10. 10. Ancient Egypt: 1st Intermediate Period<br />
  11. 11. Mortuary Temple of NebhepetreMentuhotep II – Thebes<br />Most Important Monument of Intermediate Period<br />
  12. 12. The Bible and Egypt<br />
  13. 13. ABRAHAM in Egypt<br /> Abraham came to Egypt during the 21st century BC, at the end of the First Intermediate Period (Gn 12:10; 13:1). The 11th Dynasty based in Thebes was just gaining power in the south and would ultimately control all of Egypt. So the Pharaoh that Abraham met (Gn 12:15–20) may have been a northern leader who took the title, or an early king from the Theban dynasty. Presumably, their encounter took place in the delta area.<br />
  14. 14. Abraham Probably Saw the Pyramids at Giza<br />While in this region, Abraham probably saw the Giza pyramids on the Nile’s west bank. Giza is the northern-most and most famous of the Old Kingdom royal cemeteries in the delta region, including Meidum, Dahshur, Saqqara and Abusir. They were located near Memphis, the national capital at that time. <br />
  15. 15. Moses in Egypt ~ 1500 BC<br />Drawing of Palace in Egypt from the time of Moses<br />A royal palace complex from Moses’ time (18th Dynasty; 15th century BC) was excavated at IzbetHelmi, It was built in close proximity to the Nile River (the Pelusiac Branch), as the Bible indicates. Possibly called Peru-nefer during that period, it fits the time and place for the palace where Moses grew up and where he also later confronted Pharaoh to let his people go<br />
  16. 16. Joseph and Mary take Jesus to Egypt - Matthew 2:13-15 (King James Version)<br />
  17. 17. Out of Egypt have I called my son.<br />And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.<br />
  18. 18. Egyptian History Class One Fall 2010 Summary – (two slides)<br />Egypt - Three Thousand Plus Years of Civilization; The Old, Middle and NewKingdoms plus the Intermediate and <br />Declining Periods<br />The Population of Egypt when from an <br />Approximate low of three million to a high <br />Near or slightly exceeding Ten Million<br />
  19. 19. The Old, Intermediate and middle kingdom<br />The End Class One Egyptian History Fall 2010<br />After the Old Kingdom Egypt was never as Secure.<br />The difference is visible in the rendering of the Pharaoh Image <br />In the Old Kingdom the rulers gaze upon Their World Majestically <br />And Unruffled. In the Middle Kingdom the Pharaohs have <br />Careworn and Anxious Faces.<br />