Designing forPediatric Asthma AdherenceMedicineX, Stanford September, 28-30, 2012Rouja Pakiman                            ...
The Reality for Millions of Children, Every Day
Families Struggle Adhering to the Prescribed Treatments
Asthma Prevalence*       1. 20% ER visits       2. 13 Million missed school days       3. Annual healthcare costs: $50 bil...
believe            reinforce              frame              act                 know                         promptThe Ad...
believe                     reinforce             frame               act               prompt   knowFacilitated Adherence...
The CurrentDaily Nebulizer Experience
The childfights back                 ... but then gives              in & gets board
Design Principle->Engage the child
Parents struggleto love theirfighting child                    ... but they                 empathize with                ...
Design Principle->Create Positive Family Dynamics
Parents feelguilty of torturingtheir child                  ... but do it to               provide good care
Design Principle->Assign a meaningful role to        the parents
Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
Design Process                        feedback                                   Product   ideate   prototype             ...
Probe A              Role-play to          engage the child
In which roles                             do people use masks to                             get help with breathing     ...
In which rolesdo people use masks toget help with breathing  outside of medical     treatment?
- She wanted more                            accessories, scenes                            and set-ups                   ...
How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4...
How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4...
How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4...
How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4...
Storybooks
Interactive Role-play Storybook
Iterate          Discovery!
Series of Small Studies
The Plastic Mask: the Most Intimate Part of the Experience
Children Have Great Imagination
Even a Princess Can Have Asthma!
Storybook credit: Sue Redding
Text appears in the presence of the mask
Text appears in the presence of the mask
The mask becomes the child’s magic wand
Probe B          Family Storytelling
Parents Already Read Stories to Their Children
Parents Participate
Parents Contribute to the Content of the Stories
Each Marker Represents a Particular Storybook
Discoveries During Prototyping:  1.   From immersive role-play concept to storybooks  2. From stimulating the child’s imag...
Discoveries During Prototyping:  1.   From immersive role-play concept to storybooks  2. From stimulating the child’s imag...
Discoveries During Prototyping:  1.   From immersive role-play concept to storybooks  2. From stimulating the child’s imag...
Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Des...
Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Des...
Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Des...
Magic Mask: not a silver bullet in managing asthma
Q   &   A
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Stanford MedicineX

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Stanford MedicineX

  1. 1. Designing forPediatric Asthma AdherenceMedicineX, Stanford September, 28-30, 2012Rouja Pakiman Lucie RichterMFA User Experience & Interaction Design Design Research, Senior LecturerCalifornia College of the Arts California College of the Arts
  2. 2. The Reality for Millions of Children, Every Day
  3. 3. Families Struggle Adhering to the Prescribed Treatments
  4. 4. Asthma Prevalence* 1. 20% ER visits 2. 13 Million missed school days 3. Annual healthcare costs: $50 billion** 4. Annual costs per person: $3,259* CDC, Vital Signs: Asthma Prevalence, US, 2001- 2009** Cost of asthma management in children & adults combined
  5. 5. believe reinforce frame act know promptThe Adherence Loop, IDEO 2007
  6. 6. believe reinforce frame act prompt knowFacilitated Adherence in Pediatrics 2012
  7. 7. The CurrentDaily Nebulizer Experience
  8. 8. The childfights back ... but then gives in & gets board
  9. 9. Design Principle->Engage the child
  10. 10. Parents struggleto love theirfighting child ... but they empathize with their child
  11. 11. Design Principle->Create Positive Family Dynamics
  12. 12. Parents feelguilty of torturingtheir child ... but do it to provide good care
  13. 13. Design Principle->Assign a meaningful role to the parents
  14. 14. Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
  15. 15. Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
  16. 16. Design Principles 1.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents
  17. 17. Design Process feedback Product ideate prototype or Service iterate
  18. 18. Probe A Role-play to engage the child
  19. 19. In which roles do people use masks to get help with breathing outside of medical treatment?Immersive Role-play Experience
  20. 20. In which rolesdo people use masks toget help with breathing outside of medical treatment?
  21. 21. - She wanted more accessories, scenes and set-ups - He wanted more action and challengesAugmented Snorkeler & Astronaut
  22. 22. How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4. involve the parents proactively?
  23. 23. How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4. involve the parents proactively?
  24. 24. How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4. involve the parents proactively?
  25. 25. How might we...1. create an appropriate bedtime activity?2. counter the stimulating side effects ?3. make it sustainable?4. involve the parents proactively?
  26. 26. Storybooks
  27. 27. Interactive Role-play Storybook
  28. 28. Iterate Discovery!
  29. 29. Series of Small Studies
  30. 30. The Plastic Mask: the Most Intimate Part of the Experience
  31. 31. Children Have Great Imagination
  32. 32. Even a Princess Can Have Asthma!
  33. 33. Storybook credit: Sue Redding
  34. 34. Text appears in the presence of the mask
  35. 35. Text appears in the presence of the mask
  36. 36. The mask becomes the child’s magic wand
  37. 37. Probe B Family Storytelling
  38. 38. Parents Already Read Stories to Their Children
  39. 39. Parents Participate
  40. 40. Parents Contribute to the Content of the Stories
  41. 41. Each Marker Represents a Particular Storybook
  42. 42. Discoveries During Prototyping: 1. From immersive role-play concept to storybooks 2. From stimulating the child’s imagination to creating a relationship between the child & the mask 3. From parents watching the child to parents taking the seat next to their child
  43. 43. Discoveries During Prototyping: 1. From immersive role-play concept to storybooks 2. From stimulating the child’s imagination to creating a relationship between the child & the mask 3. From parents watching the child to parents taking the seat next to their child
  44. 44. Discoveries During Prototyping: 1. From immersive role-play concept to storybooks 2. From stimulating the child’s imagination to creating a relationship between the child & the mask 3. From parents watching the child to parents taking the seat next to their child
  45. 45. Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Design a sustainable program5. Fit into family lifestyle6. Build a relationship between the child & the device
  46. 46. Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Design a sustainable program5. Fit into family lifestyle6. Build a relationship between the child & the device
  47. 47. Design Principles 2.01. Engage the child2. Create positive family dynamics3. Assign a meaningful role to the parents4. Design a sustainable program5. Fit into family lifestyle6. Build a relationship between the child & the device
  48. 48. Magic Mask: not a silver bullet in managing asthma
  49. 49. Q & A

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