Youth Development in Nigeria: What are the issues (2015)
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES?
ROTIMI OLAWALE, YOUTHHUBAFRICA.ORG
¨ The National Youth Policy
¨ Analysis of the100 Days Covenant with Youth
¨ The National Youth Council/National Youth
¨ Financing Youth Development in Nigeria
¨ Evidence Based programming
¨ Planning for Youth
National Youth Policy
¨ Young women and young men should not be seen as a
problem but as a force for change, and in keeping with
this perspective, the National Youth Policy should be
viewed not so much as a means of addressing problems
associated with young people but as a means of
ensuring their participation in the building of their
communities and societies.
¨ The National Youth Policy recognizes and values young
men and women as important resource and national
asset and situates their needs and aspiration at the
centre of national development.
In 2009, the NYP aligned with:
¨ National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development.
¨ National Gender Policy.
¨ National Health Policy.
¨ National Policy on Education.
¨ National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS 1&2).
¨ Seven point Agenda of President Umar Musa Yar’Adua
Regional & Global Policies
¨ ECOWAS Youth Policy
¨ Commonwealth Youth Charter
¨ African Youth Charter
¨ The UN World Program on Action for Youth (WPAY)
¤ A 20 year review meeting holds in NewYork this month
¨ The MDGs
¤ The MDGs will be replaced by the SDGs in September
¨ 1. Youth and Education
¨ 2. Youth and Health
¨ 3. Youth and Agriculture
¨ 4. Youth and Employment
¨ 5. Youth and Science and Technology
¨ 6. Youth and Environment
¨ 7. Young Women and Girls
¨ 8. Youth Participation in Politics and Decision making
¨ 9. Youth and Information and Communication
¨ 10. Youth and Conflict Prevention/Peace building
¨ 11. Youth and HIV/AIDS
¨ 12. Youth and Drug abuse
¨ 13. Youth and Crime
¨ 14. Youth, Sports and Recreation
¨ 15. Youth and Arts & Culture
¨ 16. Youth and Family life
¨ 17. Youth Migration and human trafficking
¨ 18. Youth and Poverty
Review of the Youth Policy:
¨ The Youth in Conflict sub-category of the NYP
dwells largely on the Niger-Delta conflict. Today,
Nigeria’s largest conflict is in the North-Eastern Part
of Nigeria and this might change going forward.
¨ The Ministry of Youth Development is currently the
Federal Ministry of Youth Service Corps
100 Days Covenant with Youth
¨ A careful review of the 100days covenant speaks
to the following themes
¨ Youth Unemployment
¨ Youth Political Participation
¨ Youth and Education
¨ Youth & ICTs (This however is the most significant
¨ As it stands, the National Youth Council is a registered
non-profit like any other non-profit in this room
¨ Its not established by any law in parliament like has
been previously claimed
¨ Its largely dipped its nose into local/national politics
and regular infighting
¨ The Council should be reformed and established as an
act of parliament.
¨ Its President should be elected and largely perform
ceremonial roles like the ICAN president but should be
staffed by a youthful but professional secretariat
¨ The youth parliament has performed better.
¨ We have seen previous alumni of the program go
on to become members of state houses of Assembly
and other positions
¨ The past 2 speakers:
¤ One is currently a House of Reps Member in Akwa
¤ The National Youth Leader of the PDP
¨ The resolution from the Parliament is … ?
Financing Youth Development
¨ 2015 Budget: Total Budget = 71.85 billion
¨ Budget for NYSC = 69.13 billion
¨ Therefore NYSC budget represents 96% of the
FMOYD budget in 2015
¨ An innovation Fund is proposed by GMB team in the
first 100 days, however I’ll propose/recommend a
National Youth Development Fund that not just
focuses on innovation but funds other aspects of
Evidence Based Programming
What jobs are young people applying
¨ For the Immigration job?
Source: Premium Times
In the 100 days covenant, there’s no plan to support
The informal sector!
Planning for Youth:
¨ Because we know Government is a continuum, I
recommend that the YOUWIN program be
continued, as it has been very successful
¨ However, this has to be reviewed, as the current
model of giving grants is not sustainable on the long
¨ An evaluation of the NYP should be quickly
conducted before a review is done. We need to
understand, what has happened? Where have we
made progress if any?
Planning for Youth
¨ A new/Revised Youth Policy should contribute to a
National Agenda: We wanted to be one of the 20
largest economies by 2020, will that change?
¨ The National Youth Policy for instance does not
currently recognize Nigeria’s leadership role in
Africa and how youth can play a significant role
¨ Spending 96% of the Youth Budget on the NYSC
isn’t sustainable. Graduates represent a tiny fraction