Therefore, there is a huge difference in the way two generation use technology
Different authors have different definition of professional development
Utilization of technology in the classroom
R O S H A N I R A J B A N S H IN E W M E X I C O S T A T E U N I V E R S I T YUtilization of Technology in theClassroom with the Help ofProfessional Development
Outline Introduction Definition of Professional Development (PD) Significance of the Study Research Questions Literature Review Methods Focus area Procedure Study area References
Introduction Difference in the way children and adults usetechnology. Children Digital natives (Prensky, 2001). Adult Digital immigrants Professional a way to encouragedevelopment and train teachersto use technology
Definition According to Schalager & Fusco (2003), PD is conductedas training, workshop and seminar that are held forteachers to inform them about “new knowledge and skillin the context of conceptual tools, rules and allocation ofroles” (p. 209). Zhao (2013) also states that it was Holmes in 1986 whointroduced the concept of “Professional DevelopmentSchool” (p. 1628). Cannon, 2013 states that PD “learning activities andexperiences educators engage, from pre-serviceeducation to retirement, in order to increase careerrelated performances” (p. 1).
Significance of Study The significance of this study is to find out whyteachers are not using available learning technologylike multimedia and Web 2.0 in classroom. It will also assist teachers to utilize technology in theclassroom. This study will also help teachers to improveteaching practices with the utilization of technology.
Research Questions Why is multimedia and Web 2.0 good educationaltool for teachers? How effectively are teachers using teachingtechnologies in the class? What learning technological tools are studentsusing? How will professional development help teachers touse learning technology in classroom?
Literature Review Ratio of computer to student is 5:1 in 2001 (Lawless& Pellegrino, 2007); however computers are notturned on in the classroom (Wiburg, 2003) Teachers felt lack of training regarding the use oftechnology (Watson, 2006). The goal of professional development to integratetechnology in the classroom (Mouza, 2002).
Literature review cont... The level of self-efficacy is high after workshop.(Watson, 2006). Long vacations are the time to learn newapplications (Dwyer, 1994). Online technology PD can be an alternative to face-to-face instruction (Barnett, 2003). According to Schlager and Fusco (2003), PDprovides information to teachers and puts knowledgeinto practice through the eyes of experts.
Cont.. Ambiguity of Professional Development Outdated and inadequate equipment in classroom PD far away from the school site long hours irrelevant skills one-shot training no follow-up or no support (Mouza, 2002). Problem arises when there are “incompatibilities inculture, leadership and tools” (Schlager & Fusco, 2003). No proper cooperation between teachers, administratorsand stakeholders hinders the progress of effective PD.
Methods Focus area: My focus area would be 25 elementary school teachers ofLCPS. This study would focus on 4th Grade science teachers and theirstudents.
Diagrammatic view of procedure First Step Survey Second step Provide PD Third step Collect initial work ofthe student Fourth step Observation + Interview Fifth step Collect final work ofstudent’s work Sixth step Evaluation
References Barnett, H. (2003). Technology professional development: successful strategies for teacher change. ERICdigest. ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology SyracuseNY. http://bern.library.nenu.edu.cn/upload/soft/0-article/029/517056.pdf Cannon, J. G., Kitchel, A. & Duncan, D. W.(2013). Perceived professional development needs of Idahosecondary career and technical education teachers: Program management. Online Journal for WorkforceEducation and Development, 4(1). Dwyer, D. (1994). Apple classrooms of tomorrow: What weve learned. Educational Leadership, 51(7), 4-10. Lawless, K. A. & Pellegrino, J. W. (2007). Professional Development in Integrating Technology Into Teachingand Learning: Knowns, Unknowns, and Ways to Pursue Better Questions and Answers. Review ofEducational Research, 77 (4), 575-614. http://rer.sagepub.com/content/77/4/575.full Mouza, C. (2002). Learning to teach with new technology: implication for professional development. Journalof Research on Technology in Education, 35.2, p272. Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon. Vol 9, No. 5. Schlager, M.S. & Fusco, J. (2003). Teacher professional development, technologies and community ofpractice: Are we putting the cart before the horse. The Information Society, 19, 203-220. Watson, G. (2006). Technology professional development: Long-term effects on teacher self-efficacy. Journalof Technology and Teacher Education, 14(1), 151-165. Wiburg, K. M. (2003). Technology and the new meaning of educational equity. Computers in the School, 20:1-2, 113-128. Zhao, Y. (2013). A probe into psychological training for professionalization development of college teachers.Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 5(5): 1627-1632.