Uas paper

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Uas paper

  1. 1. A. Introduction Child abuse happens when a parent or other adult causes serious physical or emotional harm to a child. The most serious cases of child abuse can end in death. Those who survive may suffer emotional scars that can linger long after the physical bruises have healed. Kids who are abused are more likely to have problems building and maintaining relationships throughout their lives. They're also more likely to have low self-esteem, depression, thoughts of suicide, and other mental health issues. Nowadays, there are varieties of child abuse like physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional or psychological abuse. First, physical abuse may happen when people think of child abuse, such as striking, kicking, or shaking a child; for example, throwing an object at a child or using an object to beat a child. Second, sexual abuse happens when a child is raped or forced to commit a sexual act; for example, showing a child pornographic material. Third, neglect is any action or inaction on the part of a caregiver that causes a child physical or emotional harm; for example, locking a child in a closet or room. Abandonment is a type of neglect because this occurs when a child is left alone for extended periods of time or suffers serious harm because no one was looking after him or her. Fourth, Emotional abuse or psychological abuse is a pattern of behavior that has negative effects on a child's emotional development and sense of self-worth. 1
  2. 2. Ignoring a child or withholding love, support, or guidance is considered emotional abuse. At schools system, child abuse also can take these forms like physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional or psychological abuse. Most of the time, students know their abusers and the abuse occurs at school. This makes it difficult for students to speak up. They may feel trapped by the affection they feel for their abusers or fearful of the power the abusers have over them, so they stay silent. Moreover, it is hard to imagine the teacher intentionally hurting students even these are only the reported incidents of child abuse, many more cases are unreported and undetected, often because children are afraid to tell somebody who can help. B. Thesis Statement In this paper, there are some violation cases which are done at school’s systems. Although schools have wonderful educational systems, but there are some school’s system makes the child abuse. C. Background Information Child abuse is the physical or psychological/emotional mistreatment of children. Most child abuse occurs in a child's home, with a smaller amount occurring in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological/emotional abuse, and sexual abuse (Wikipedia). In this paper 2
  3. 3. limits the discussion of child abuse at school system in the area of physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional abuse. 1. Physical Abuse When people think of child abuse, their first thought probably is of physical abuse. Izenberg (2012) Physical abuse is when someone deliberately hurts or injures you like hitting, kicking, and hair pulling, beating with objects, throwing and shaking. Moreover, at school’s system physical abuse can also include there. Parents and Teachers Against Violence in Education (PTAVE) continually receives complaints about abuse to schoolchildren and the list that follows has been compiled from those complaints. Riak (1998) listed the variety of mistreatment of schoolchildren in ABUSE IN SCHOOLS IS OUT! Paddling... Spanking... Slapping... Cuffing... Grabbing... Shaking... Dragging... Shoving... Pinching... Pulling a child's hair or ear... 3
  4. 4. Finger jabbing a child's face or ribs... Squeezing a child's cheeks... Lifting a child up by the clothing or by the neck... Banging a child against the wall... Hurling objects at a child... Striking a desk top with a book or ruler in order to startle children... Shutting a child in a box or closet... Forcing noxious substances into a child's mouth... Forcing a child to remain sitting, standing or motionless for long periods of time... Denying the child the use of the lavatory... Allowing or encouraging bullies to torment a child... Turning a blind eye to hazing... Delegating the right to a student, sometimes called a "prefect” or "captain," to physically punish other students... Provoking, taunting or challenging a child to violence... Taping a child's mouth shut... Tying a child to the desk... Forcing a child to do push-ups or run laps... Denying adequate free time for recess or lunch... Threatening, cursing or screaming at a child or at a group of children... Using fear of punishment to motivate a child to study hard and master tasks... 4
  5. 5. Insulting a child about poor performance, appearance, choice of friends, etc.... Confiscating or damaging a child's personal property... Labeling or spreading malicious gossip about a child or a child's family... Proclaiming to the whole class that a particular child is headed for no good–that he or she will become a delinquent or a failure... Setting unrealistic standards of performance in order to guarantee a child's failure... Deliberately ignoring a child who needs help... Refusing to acknowledge or reward a child's improvement... Using sarcasm and put-downs when addressing a child... Badgering or taunting a child to the point of an outburst and then punishing the child for loss of control... Punishing a group of children for the misbehavior of an individual... Punishing an individual as an example to the group... Causing a child to be humiliated in front of peers... Calling into question a boy's masculinity because of late development, lack of interest or ability in sports, reluctance to fight with other boys... Calling into question a girl's morals because of early development... Impugning a girl’s femininity because she excels at traditionally male activities... 5
  6. 6. Leading a child into inappropriately intimate or sexually suggestive conversation or acts... Setting up a child to be scapegoated... Making a child the butt of the teacher's humor... Pitting child against child, group against group... Having children spy on each other... Isolating a child from the group for a protracted period... Undermining a child's social status and encouraging the group to ostracize the child... Undermining trust and communication between child and parent(s)... Misrepresenting a child's learning disability as a "discipline problem"... Blaming a child's family situation for school-caused emotional problems... Persuading a family to administer personality-altering drugs to the child so as to make the child more placid and tractable while at school... Retaliating against a child because of a dispute with the parent(s)... Creating a dossier or "criminal record" of a child in order to undermine the child's credibility or to hold over the child's head as a threat or bargaining chip... Coercing a child to make false statements about others or remain silent about witnessed events... Coercing a child to make a written confession... 6
  7. 7. Preventing a child who is in a state of distress from telephoning home... 2. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse happens when a child is raped or forced to commit a sexual act. Nevertheless, it's also any sort of sexual contact with a child or any behavior that is meant to sexually arouse the abuser. Therefore, in addition to having sex with a child, fondling a child's genitals or making a child touch someone else's genitals, sexual abuse also includes: making a child pose or perform for pornographic pictures or videos telling a child dirty jokes or stories showing a child pornographic material forcing a child to undress "flashing" a child or showing them one's genitals 3. Neglect and Abandonment Neglect is any action — or inaction — on the part of a caregiver that causes a child physical or emotional harm. For example, withholding food, warmth in cold weather, or proper housing is considered neglectful. Basically, anything that interferes with a child's growth and development constitutes neglect. Abandonment is a type of neglect. This occurs when a child is left alone for extended periods of time or suffers serious harm because no one was looking after him or her. This also includes: 7
  8. 8. failing to provide medical care when a child is injured or sick locking a child in a closet or room placing a child in a dangerous situation that could lead to physical injury or death 4. Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse or psychological abuse is a pattern of behavior that has negative effects on a child's emotional development and sense of self-worth. Ignoring a child or withholding love, support, or guidance is considered emotional abuse. Therefore is threatening, terrorizing, belittling, or constantly criticizing a child. D. Reason and Evidence 1. Physical Abuse Abusive treatment of schoolchildren, often misrepresented as discipline, punishment or chastisement, is wrong and dangerous. There are teachers who are unsuited to their profession and who habitually hurt children, and some school administrators who lack the will or ability to maintain high professional standards in their school. Some administrators are themselves abusive toward children and therefore are incapable of setting a good standard for teachers. 2. Sexual Abuse We may find the information of some sexual abuse at school, but we do not know exactly who is responsible. 8
  9. 9. First, we still remember the trending topic in Indonesia education like questioner for the students at SMP Negeri I Sabang, Aceh. According to Arist, health test questionnaire that included breast and penis size of the new students were given to one junior high school in the town of Sabang. However, he claimed not to know whether it is school policy questionnaire or the Department of Education in collaboration with the local health service. Additional information from commissioner Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI) field pornography and drugs, Mary Advianti said, the questions asked in the questionnaire about genital size does not make sense, if it is associated with reproductive health. "Education on reproductive health in children should be the prevention of sexual misconduct and prevent sexual violence," said Maria. Second, SMK Schoolgirl Rape Case was on August 24, 2013 in the seventh floor of school. The victim met with T (suspect) in the school environment. Victims are invited to go up to the 7th floor to talk about something. However, in an empty room, the victim is forced to serve the depraved lust offender. The victim did not fight the power. "The T (suspect) still has intercourse with the victim while the victim was menstruating at the time," said Hediyan. In brief, both the cases are happened in the school’s area. We do not know exactly how both of the cases can be happened there. It can be 9
  10. 10. inferred the low protection from school’s system to avoid sexual abuse in the school area. E. The Opposing View and the Refutation 1. There is some school’s system claims physical abuse as discipline or punishment, but the school should consider to its functions of the educational institution. a. No college or university teacher-training program instructs undergraduates how to frighten, hit, manhandle, scream at, berate, humiliate or otherwise hurt children. The large majority of teachers are competent and caring professionals who do not mistreat children physically or emotionally, and most school administrators set high standards for teacher behavior within their schools. b. No one has the right to hurt somebody else. If someone is hurting you they are aware of what they are doing and know it is wrong. They may say they have reasons for doing this but none of those reasons are acceptable. 2. For the sexual abuse at school, both the cases which are happened in the school’s area, actually they should not be happened there if the school’s system increases their security for the students. 3. The school’s system keep focused on these three points: a) The child was mistreated, b) The child should not have been mistreated, and 10
  11. 11. 3) The school absolutely will not permit the child to be mistreated again. F. Conclusion Schools have wonderful educational systems, and hopefully all schools in Indonesia will be places in which children thrive and develop in safety and all teachers will adhere to high standards of professional conduct. Therefore, the school’s system should provide these rules: 1. No one has the right to hurt somebody else 2. No college or university teacher-training program instructs undergraduates how to frighten, hit, manhandle, scream at, berate, humiliate or otherwise hurt children 3. The school’s system increases their security for the students 4. The school’s system keep focused on these three points: 1) the child was mistreated, 2) the child should not have been mistreated and 3) the school absolutely will not permit the child to be mistreated again 11
  12. 12. References Anggadha, Arry. Heboh kuesioner ukuran kelamin siswa SMP. http://news.liputan6.com/read/686396/heboh-kuesioner-ukuran-kelaminsiswa-smp. September 8, 2013. (Accessed December 14, 2013). Izenberg, Izenberg, Lyness, D'Arcy, and Allan R. De Jong. Kidshealth. January 2012 http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/child_abuse.html#(Accessed December 14, 2013). NSPCC Weston House (Childline). Physical abuse http://www.childline.org.uk/explore/abusesafety/pages/physical.aspx (Accessed December 14, 2013). Riak, Jordan (1998). Abuse in school is out. http://nospank.net/out.htm (Accessed December 14, 2013). Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abuse (Accessed December 14, 2013). 12

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