Child abuse happens when a parent or other adult causes serious
physical or emotional harm to a child. The most serious cases of child abuse
can end in death. Those who survive may suffer emotional scars that can
linger long after the physical bruises have healed. Kids who are abused are
more likely to have problems building and maintaining relationships
throughout their lives. They're also more likely to have low self-esteem,
depression, thoughts of suicide, and other mental health issues.
Nowadays, there are varieties of child abuse like physical abuse,
sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional or psychological
abuse. First, physical abuse may happen when people think of child abuse,
such as striking, kicking, or shaking a child; for example, throwing an object
at a child or using an object to beat a child. Second, sexual abuse happens
when a child is raped or forced to commit a sexual act; for example, showing a
child pornographic material. Third, neglect is any action or inaction on the
part of a caregiver that causes a child physical or emotional harm; for
example, locking a child in a closet or room. Abandonment is a type of neglect
because this occurs when a child is left alone for extended periods of time or
suffers serious harm because no one was looking after him or her. Fourth,
Emotional abuse or psychological abuse is a pattern of behavior that has
negative effects on a child's emotional development and sense of self-worth.
Ignoring a child or withholding love, support, or guidance is considered
At schools system, child abuse also can take these forms like physical
abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional or
psychological abuse. Most of the time, students know their abusers and the
abuse occurs at school. This makes it difficult for students to speak up. They
may feel trapped by the affection they feel for their abusers or fearful of the
power the abusers have over them, so they stay silent. Moreover, it is hard to
imagine the teacher intentionally hurting students even these are only the
reported incidents of child abuse, many more cases are unreported and
undetected, often because children are afraid to tell somebody who can help.
B. Thesis Statement
In this paper, there are some violation cases which are done at school’s
systems. Although schools have wonderful educational systems, but there are
some school’s system makes the child abuse.
C. Background Information
Child abuse is the physical or psychological/emotional mistreatment of
children. Most child abuse occurs in a child's home, with a smaller amount
occurring in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts
with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse,
psychological/emotional abuse, and sexual abuse (Wikipedia). In this paper
limits the discussion of child abuse at school system in the area of physical
abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and abandonment, and emotional abuse.
1. Physical Abuse
When people think of child abuse, their first thought probably is of
physical abuse. Izenberg (2012) Physical abuse is when someone
deliberately hurts or injures you like hitting, kicking, and hair pulling,
beating with objects, throwing and shaking. Moreover, at school’s system
physical abuse can also include there. Parents and Teachers Against
Violence in Education (PTAVE) continually receives complaints about
abuse to schoolchildren and the list that follows has been compiled from
Riak (1998) listed the variety of mistreatment of schoolchildren in
ABUSE IN SCHOOLS IS OUT!
Pulling a child's hair or ear...
Finger jabbing a child's face or ribs...
Squeezing a child's cheeks...
Lifting a child up by the clothing or by the neck...
Banging a child against the wall...
Hurling objects at a child...
Striking a desk top with a book or ruler in order to startle children...
Shutting a child in a box or closet...
Forcing noxious substances into a child's mouth...
Forcing a child to remain sitting, standing or motionless for long
periods of time...
Denying the child the use of the lavatory...
Allowing or encouraging bullies to torment a child...
Turning a blind eye to hazing...
Delegating the right to a student, sometimes called a "prefect” or
"captain," to physically punish other students...
Provoking, taunting or challenging a child to violence...
Taping a child's mouth shut...
Tying a child to the desk...
Forcing a child to do push-ups or run laps...
Denying adequate free time for recess or lunch...
Threatening, cursing or screaming at a child or at a group of children...
Using fear of punishment to motivate a child to study hard and master
Insulting a child about poor performance, appearance, choice of
Confiscating or damaging a child's personal property...
Labeling or spreading malicious gossip about a child or a child's
Proclaiming to the whole class that a particular child is headed for no
good–that he or she will become a delinquent or a failure...
Setting unrealistic standards of performance in order to guarantee a
Deliberately ignoring a child who needs help...
Refusing to acknowledge or reward a child's improvement...
Using sarcasm and put-downs when addressing a child...
Badgering or taunting a child to the point of an outburst and then
punishing the child for loss of control...
Punishing a group of children for the misbehavior of an individual...
Punishing an individual as an example to the group...
Causing a child to be humiliated in front of peers...
Calling into question a boy's masculinity because of late development,
lack of interest or ability in sports, reluctance to fight with other boys...
Calling into question a girl's morals because of early development...
Impugning a girl’s femininity because she excels at traditionally male
Leading a child into inappropriately intimate or sexually suggestive
conversation or acts...
Setting up a child to be scapegoated...
Making a child the butt of the teacher's humor...
Pitting child against child, group against group...
Having children spy on each other...
Isolating a child from the group for a protracted period...
Undermining a child's social status and encouraging the group to
ostracize the child...
Undermining trust and communication between child and parent(s)...
Misrepresenting a child's learning disability as a "discipline problem"...
Blaming a child's family situation for school-caused emotional
Persuading a family to administer personality-altering drugs to the
child so as to make the child more placid and tractable while at
Retaliating against a child because of a dispute with the parent(s)...
Creating a dossier or "criminal record" of a child in order to undermine
the child's credibility or to hold over the child's head as a threat or
Coercing a child to make false statements about others or remain silent
about witnessed events...
Coercing a child to make a written confession...
Preventing a child who is in a state of distress from telephoning
2. Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse happens when a child is raped or forced to commit a
sexual act. Nevertheless, it's also any sort of sexual contact with a child or
any behavior that is meant to sexually arouse the abuser. Therefore, in
addition to having sex with a child, fondling a child's genitals or making a
child touch someone else's genitals, sexual abuse also includes:
making a child pose or perform for pornographic pictures or videos
telling a child dirty jokes or stories
showing a child pornographic material
forcing a child to undress
"flashing" a child or showing them one's genitals
3. Neglect and Abandonment
Neglect is any action — or inaction — on the part of a caregiver
that causes a child physical or emotional harm. For example, withholding
food, warmth in cold weather, or proper housing is considered neglectful.
Basically, anything that interferes with a child's growth and development
constitutes neglect. Abandonment is a type of neglect. This occurs when a
child is left alone for extended periods of time or suffers serious harm
because no one was looking after him or her. This also includes:
failing to provide medical care when a child is injured or sick
locking a child in a closet or room
placing a child in a dangerous situation that could lead to physical
injury or death
4. Emotional Abuse
Emotional abuse or psychological abuse is a pattern of behavior
that has negative effects on a child's emotional development and sense of
self-worth. Ignoring a child or withholding love, support, or guidance is
considered emotional abuse. Therefore is threatening, terrorizing,
belittling, or constantly criticizing a child.
D. Reason and Evidence
1. Physical Abuse
Abusive treatment of schoolchildren, often misrepresented as
discipline, punishment or chastisement, is wrong and dangerous. There are
teachers who are unsuited to their profession and who habitually hurt
children, and some school administrators who lack the will or ability to
maintain high professional standards in their school. Some administrators
are themselves abusive toward children and therefore are incapable of
setting a good standard for teachers.
2. Sexual Abuse
We may find the information of some sexual abuse at school, but
we do not know exactly who is responsible.
First, we still remember the trending topic in Indonesia education
like questioner for the students at SMP Negeri I Sabang, Aceh. According
to Arist, health test questionnaire that included breast and penis size of the
new students were given to one junior high school in the town of Sabang.
However, he claimed not to know whether it is school policy questionnaire
or the Department of Education in collaboration with the local health
Additional information from commissioner Indonesian Child
Protection Commission (KPAI) field pornography and drugs, Mary
Advianti said, the questions asked in the questionnaire about genital size
does not make sense, if it is associated with reproductive health.
"Education on reproductive health in children should be the prevention of
sexual misconduct and prevent sexual violence," said Maria.
Second, SMK Schoolgirl Rape Case was on August 24, 2013 in the
seventh floor of school. The victim met with T (suspect) in the school
environment. Victims are invited to go up to the 7th floor to talk about
something. However, in an empty room, the victim is forced to serve the
depraved lust offender. The victim did not fight the power. "The T
(suspect) still has intercourse with the victim while the victim was
menstruating at the time," said Hediyan.
In brief, both the cases are happened in the school’s area. We do
not know exactly how both of the cases can be happened there. It can be
inferred the low protection from school’s system to avoid sexual abuse in
the school area.
E. The Opposing View and the Refutation
1. There is some school’s system claims physical abuse as discipline or
punishment, but the school should consider to its functions of the
undergraduates how to frighten, hit, manhandle, scream at, berate,
humiliate or otherwise hurt children. The large majority of teachers are
competent and caring professionals who do not mistreat children
physically or emotionally, and most school administrators set high
standards for teacher behavior within their schools.
b. No one has the right to hurt somebody else. If someone is hurting you
they are aware of what they are doing and know it is wrong. They may
say they have reasons for doing this but none of those reasons are
2. For the sexual abuse at school, both the cases which are happened in the
school’s area, actually they should not be happened there if the school’s
system increases their security for the students.
3. The school’s system keep focused on these three points:
a) The child was mistreated,
b) The child should not have been mistreated, and
3) The school absolutely will not permit the child to be mistreated again.
Schools have wonderful educational systems, and hopefully all schools
in Indonesia will be places in which children thrive and develop in safety and
all teachers will adhere to high standards of professional conduct. Therefore,
the school’s system should provide these rules:
1. No one has the right to hurt somebody else
2. No college or university teacher-training program instructs undergraduates
how to frighten, hit, manhandle, scream at, berate, humiliate or otherwise
3. The school’s system increases their security for the students
4. The school’s system keep focused on these three points: 1) the child was
mistreated, 2) the child should not have been mistreated and 3) the school
absolutely will not permit the child to be mistreated again
http://news.liputan6.com/read/686396/heboh-kuesioner-ukuran-kelaminsiswa-smp. September 8, 2013. (Accessed December 14, 2013).
Izenberg, Izenberg, Lyness, D'Arcy, and Allan R. De Jong. Kidshealth. January
December 14, 2013).
NSPCC Weston House (Childline). Physical abuse
(Accessed December 14, 2013).
Riak, Jordan (1998). Abuse in school is out. http://nospank.net/out.htm
(Accessed December 14, 2013).
Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abuse (Accessed December 14, 2013).