Chocolate Train• Mayans: pioneers of chocolate.• Chocolate in Aztec civilization.• Spain discovers chocolate.• Chocolates spreads through Europe.• Progress of Chocolate.• Chocolate goes global.
Mayans: Pioneers of Chocolate• Mayans discover cacao.• Learned to eat it from monkeys.• Pleasant aroma motivated invention of cacao beverage.
Cacao in Aztec Civilization• Adopted from Mayans.• Highly valued cacao beans; used as currency.• Also used in religious rituals and offerings.• Aztecs called cacao beverage „Xocolatl‟.
Spain Discovers Chocolate• 1519 – Hernan Cortez arrived in South America.• Montezuma welcomed him and offered him Xocolatl.• 1529 – Cortez introduced chocolate drink to Spain.
Chocolate in Europe• Chocolate exported to other European countries.• Spain kept source of the drink a secret.• Only wealthy could enjoy cocoa beverage.
Progress of Chocolate• 1828 – Johannes Van Houten separated cocoa butter from ground cocoa beans.• 1847 – Joseph Fry and Son made solid chocolate.• 1849 – John Cadbury introduced chocolate candy bar.
Progress of chocolate• 1875 – Milk chocolate was invented by Henri Nestle and Daniel Peter.• 1879 – Rudolphe Lindt created a bar that „snaps‟ and melts on the tongue.• 1900 – Milton S. Hershey invented Hersheys Milk Chocolate Bar.
Progress of chocolate• 1923 – Mars company invented Milky Way• 1940s – Forrest Mars & Bruce Murrie invented M&M‟s.
Chocolate Goes Global• Chocolate is prevalent around the world.• “Seven days without chocolate makes one weak.”- Anonymous.