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Philippine Contemporary Literature:

Drama
DRAMA
Drama is a
composition in prose
form that presents a
story entirely told in
dialogue and action
and written with the...
Setting identifies the time and place in which
the events occur. It consists of the historical
period, the moment, day and...
Characters are the people in
the play and thus considered
as the principal material in a
drama.
Plot lays out the series of events that
form the entirety of the play. It serves
as a structural framework which brings
th...
Theme is considered as
the unifying element that
defines the dramatized
idea of the play. It
answers the question,
“What i...
Style refers to the mode of
expression or presentation
of the play which points
out the playwright’s
position or viewpoint...
TRAGEDY
Tragedy is a type of drama that shows
the downfall and destruction of a noble
or outstanding person, traditionally...
COMEDY

Comedy is a type of drama intended to
interest and amuse the audience rather than
make them deeply concerned about...
TRAGICOMED
Y a play that does not
Tragicomedy is

adhere strictly to the structure of
tragedy. This is usually serious pla...
FARCE
Farce is a play that brings laughter for the
sake of laughter, usually making use of
exaggerated events and characte...
PHILIPPINE
CONTEMPORAR
Y DRAMA
Philippine Drama in English
 Philippine writing in English has perhaps

made its slowest progress in the drama.
 Until a...
Reasons for the Slow Progress
of Philippine Drama
 has to be seen and heard
 production demands the competence and

inte...
Prominent Names in Philippine
Contemporary Drama
 Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero
 Severino Montano
 Alberto S. Florentino
 Wilf...
Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero
January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995
 He was a Filipino

playwright, director,
teacher and theater
art...
Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero
January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995
 Several of his plays

have been translated
into and produced in
...
Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero
January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995
 Six of his plays have

been produced
abroad:

 "Half an Hour in...
Wanted: A Chaperon
By Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero



The plot of the play centers around a family of
many generations, and the ...
Wanted: A Chaperon
By Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero





The comedic style of the
performance and the
lessons within the story
t...
Severino Montano
1915- 1980

 a playwright, director,

actor and theater
organizer .
 50 plays in his 65year lifetime
Severino Montano
1915- 1980

 His published works

include

 The Love of Leonor

Rivera
 My Morning Star
 Gabriela Sil...
Sabina:

A Tragedy by Severino Montano


It tells about a Sabina's
love for an American
trader, Mr. George Price,
who soo...
Alberto S. Florentino
July 28, 1931


was 23 when, as an accounting
student at the University of the
East, he won a Palan...
Alberto S. Florentino
July 28, 1931
 The themes that he

usually tackles about
deals with everyday
scenarios of a
commone...
The World is an Apple
By Alberto S. Florentino






A poor worker of an apple factory was
fired from work after steali...
Wilfrido D. Nolledo
January 19, 1933-March 08, 2004

 Filipino-American

fictionist, playwright,
essayist, and editor.
 ...
Turn Red The Sea
By Wilfrido D. Nolledo

is a story of a son named Leon who takes rebellion with his family because
of the...
Nick Joaquin
May 4, 1917 – April 29, 2004
 was a Filipino writer,

historian and
journalist.
 author of “A Portrait of
t...
A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino
By Nick Joaquin


Set in the Filipino world of preWorld War II Intramuros of Old
Man...
A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino
By Nick Joaquin




It is about a great but
impoverished painter slowly
dying along...
A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino
By Nick Joaquin






It is about the young go-getter of a jazz
pianist Tony Javie...
Organizations that contributed to
the development of Philippine
drama:
1. Philippine Educational Theatre
Association (PETA...
Phil contemporary drama report
Phil contemporary drama report
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Phil contemporary drama report

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Phil contemporary drama report

  1. 1. Philippine Contemporary Literature: Drama
  2. 2. DRAMA Drama is a composition in prose form that presents a story entirely told in dialogue and action and written with the intention of its eventual performance before an audience.
  3. 3. Setting identifies the time and place in which the events occur. It consists of the historical period, the moment, day and season in which the incidents take place.
  4. 4. Characters are the people in the play and thus considered as the principal material in a drama.
  5. 5. Plot lays out the series of events that form the entirety of the play. It serves as a structural framework which brings the events to a cohesive form and sense.
  6. 6. Theme is considered as the unifying element that defines the dramatized idea of the play. It answers the question, “What is it all about?”
  7. 7. Style refers to the mode of expression or presentation of the play which points out the playwright’s position or viewpoint in life.
  8. 8. TRAGEDY Tragedy is a type of drama that shows the downfall and destruction of a noble or outstanding person, traditionally one who possesses a character weakness called a tragic flaw. The tragic hero, through choice or circumstance, is caught up in a sequence of events that inevitably results in disaster.
  9. 9. COMEDY Comedy is a type of drama intended to interest and amuse the audience rather than make them deeply concerned about events that happen. The characters overcome some difficulties, but they always overcome their ill fortune and find happiness in the end.
  10. 10. TRAGICOMED Y a play that does not Tragicomedy is adhere strictly to the structure of tragedy. This is usually serious play that also has some of the qualities of comedy. It arouses thought even with laughter.
  11. 11. FARCE Farce is a play that brings laughter for the sake of laughter, usually making use of exaggerated events and characters. It has very swift movements, has ridiculous situations, and does not stimulate thought.
  12. 12. PHILIPPINE CONTEMPORAR Y DRAMA
  13. 13. Philippine Drama in English  Philippine writing in English has perhaps made its slowest progress in the drama.  Until about the last decade, the names prominent in this field can be counted briefly
  14. 14. Reasons for the Slow Progress of Philippine Drama  has to be seen and heard  production demands the competence and integrity of a host of people other than the playwright himself.  problem of attracting audience
  15. 15. Prominent Names in Philippine Contemporary Drama  Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero  Severino Montano  Alberto S. Florentino  Wilfrido D. Nolledo  Nick Joaquin
  16. 16. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995  He was a Filipino playwright, director, teacher and theater artist. He has written over a hundred plays, 41 of which have been published.
  17. 17. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995  Several of his plays have been translated into and produced in Chinese, Italian, Spanish, Tagalog, Visayan, Ilocano and Waray.
  18. 18. Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero January 22, 1911 - April 28, 1995  Six of his plays have been produced abroad:  "Half an Hour in a Convent"  "Three Rats  "Condemned"  "One, Two, Three“  "Wanted: A Chaperon"
  19. 19. Wanted: A Chaperon By Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero  The plot of the play centers around a family of many generations, and the difficulties that arise from so many different age groups living within one household. In the story, a well off couple have continuing battles with their children centering around family roles, and the children's behavior. The parents believe that the children should have a chaperone. The children disagree heartily, believing that such a custom is outdated, and that the parents are being too strict, and perhaps a little bourgeois to even suggest such a thing. The conflicts also include the children constantly asking their father for money, even though they have their own jobs. The father believes that the children are irresponsible with their finances, and believe that they need to learn discipline.
  20. 20. Wanted: A Chaperon By Wilfrido Ma. Guerrero   The comedic style of the performance and the lessons within the story that pertain to both teenagers and their parents make it an ideal high-school play. It is funny enough to be enjoyed by everyone, yet serious enough to actually teach something to both students, and the parents.
  21. 21. Severino Montano 1915- 1980  a playwright, director, actor and theater organizer .  50 plays in his 65year lifetime
  22. 22. Severino Montano 1915- 1980  His published works include  The Love of Leonor Rivera  My Morning Star  Gabriela Silang  The Merry Wives of Manila  Sabina  Parting at Calamba
  23. 23. Sabina: A Tragedy by Severino Montano  It tells about a Sabina's love for an American trader, Mr. George Price, who soon caused her despair after he told her that he's actually married. Her heartache and disappointment made Sabina commit suicide.  
  24. 24. Alberto S. Florentino July 28, 1931  was 23 when, as an accounting student at the University of the East, he won a Palanca award for his play, "The World is an Apple."  This success at his first serious attempt at playwriting made him abandon his accounting studies to become a writer.  He has since written more than 50 plays for stage and more than 100 for television.
  25. 25. Alberto S. Florentino July 28, 1931  The themes that he usually tackles about deals with everyday scenarios of a commoner's life.   He usually portrays the struggles of Filipinos.
  26. 26. The World is an Apple By Alberto S. Florentino    A poor worker of an apple factory was fired from work after stealing one apple which he said was for his sick daughter. He had to steal to feed his daughter for he used his salary to spend nights with prostitutes. Unmindful of his own sin, the poor worker blamed the management of the apple factory for firing. He opined that the company had plenty of apples to share and asserted that he was treated unfairly. He questioned the act done to correct his mistake, but he failed to examine himself for the bad thing he did as a wayward and selfish husband.
  27. 27. Wilfrido D. Nolledo January 19, 1933-March 08, 2004  Filipino-American fictionist, playwright, essayist, and editor.  In 1965, he was a scholar at Iowa Writers Workshop  served as the literary editor of the Iowa Review.
  28. 28. Turn Red The Sea By Wilfrido D. Nolledo is a story of a son named Leon who takes rebellion with his family because of the misconception that his father doesn’t love him and ignores him when it is abroad. He also creates propagandas against his father who is currently the University President. The worst that he does is when he told his father that he wrote a letter to the Board of Regents that is totally a filthy lie because he is just mad of his father that he wants him to suffer.  He is angry because his father has another woman and he thinks that his father doesn’t love him. His mother explains everything to him but still he doesn’t care about it.  Until his father comes down the stairs and asks his wife to get her shawl for them to go and have a picnic but suddenly they heard a gunshot and find out that his father commits suicide.  The mother blames her son and kill him. 
  29. 29. Nick Joaquin May 4, 1917 – April 29, 2004  was a Filipino writer, historian and journalist.  author of “A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino” which is considered as the most important Filipino play in English.
  30. 30. A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino By Nick Joaquin  Set in the Filipino world of preWorld War II Intramuros of Old Manila in October 1941, the play explores the many aspects of Philippine high society by telling the story of the Marasigan sisters, Candida and Paula, and their father, the painter Don Lorenzo Marasigan.  The theme focuses on family conflict and the amalgamation of old Filipino identity and cultural character with the arrival of contemporary and Western ideals.
  31. 31. A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino By Nick Joaquin   It is about a great but impoverished painter slowly dying along with the Old Manila.  It is about his daughters Candida and Paula, two women in whom youth and dreams have died but not dignity and gentility, trying to survive the ravages of poverty in an old paternal home which their brother and sister, Manolo and Pepang want to sell.
  32. 32. A Portrait of the Artist as Filipino By Nick Joaquin    It is about the young go-getter of a jazz pianist Tony Javier, wanting to make an extra buck out of this situation of desperate poverty getting caught in his own trap.  It is about Don Perico, the Senator who stopped writing poetry so he could earn a living for his family.  It is about Bitoy, the young journalist, trying to interpret for himself and for us, the paradoxes of his times and who takes upon himself the poet’s mandate “to remember and to sing.”  It is about all of them, their choices showing us as that “Life is not as simple as it is in art.”
  33. 33. Organizations that contributed to the development of Philippine drama: 1. Philippine Educational Theatre Association (PETA) 2. Repertory Philippines 3. UP Repertory of Behn Cervantes 4. Teatro Filipino by Rolando Tinio

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