The Present Simple Tense

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Presentación clara y sencilla sobre los usos y la forma del Present simple tense.

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The Present Simple Tense

  1. 1. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative) She work s on her basket after dinner every day.
  2. 2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>AFFIRMATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK WE YOU THEY WORK S SHE HE IT WORK I YOU
  3. 3. 3 rd person singular - spelling <ul><li>1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb . </li></ul><ul><li>work He work s </li></ul><ul><li>2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “ es ” to the third person singular. </li></ul><ul><li>dress She dress es </li></ul><ul><li>fix He fix es </li></ul><ul><li>watch She watch es T.V. </li></ul><ul><li>wash She wash es </li></ul><ul><li>go It go es ! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Verbs ending in consonant + y , changes the y to i and add “ es ” </li></ul><ul><li>Consonant + y  i + es : cry – cr ies , fly – fl ies , terrify - terrif ies </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s the 3 rd person singular? <ul><li>1. push </li></ul><ul><li>2. sneeze </li></ul><ul><li>3. glorify </li></ul><ul><li>4. annoy </li></ul><ul><li>5 . kiss </li></ul><ul><li>6. deny </li></ul><ul><li>7. marry </li></ul><ul><li>push es </li></ul><ul><li>sneeze s </li></ul><ul><li>glorif ies </li></ul><ul><li>annoy s </li></ul><ul><li>kiss es </li></ul><ul><li>den ies </li></ul><ul><li>marr ies </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative) <ul><li>DO ES HE WORK AS A DOCTOR ? </li></ul>YES, HE DOES
  6. 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>INTERROGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK ? WE YOU THEY DO WORK ? SHE HE IT DO ES WORK ? I YOU DO
  7. 7. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative) <ul><li>HE DO ES N’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORK S AS A TAXI DRIVER </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>NEGATIVE: WORK </li></ul>WORK DO NOT DON’T WE YOU THEY WORK DO ES NOT DO ES N’T SHE HE IT WORK DO NOT DON’T I YOU
  9. 9. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>1 . Facts which are always true – general truths, e.g. facts in science and geographical descriptions. </li></ul>Water freezes at 0 degrees. 0 º
  10. 10. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>2. Actions that happen regularly (Habitual actions). A frequency adverb is often used. </li></ul>They usually take a walk with their son
  11. 11. The Present Simple Tense is used to describe: <ul><li>3 . Opinions, likes and feelings. </li></ul>She likes making snowmen
  12. 12. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE <ul><li>TIME EXPRESSIONS: </li></ul><ul><li>FREQUENCY ADVERBS: </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. </li></ul>HE NORMALLY COOKS PASTA OTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS : EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ON SUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. MUSICIANS SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS

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