Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Disciplina: Est. Linguísticos V: Morfossintaxe (Ênfase em Inglês) Profess...
<ul><li>Adjectives  </li></ul><ul><li>and  </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs </li></ul>
What is an adjective? <ul><li>An adjective is a word or a group of words that modifies a noun; </li></ul><ul><li>An adject...
<ul><li>For examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Good  boy  Good  girl </li></ul>
<ul><li>Beautiful  house  Beautiful  houses </li></ul>
Comparative Degree <ul><li>1- Equality degree: - AS + adj + AS  </li></ul><ul><li>Example:   John is as tall as Fred. </li...
<ul><li>2- Superiority degree: Adj. + ER + Than  </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Marta is thinner than Susan....
<ul><li>• Many two syllable adjectives make the comparative using &quot;more&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>• Os terminados em: b...
<ul><li>3- Inferiority degree - Less + Adj. + Than Example:  </li></ul><ul><li>It is less hot today than it was yesterday....
<ul><li>1.1- Superiority - The + Adj. + EST + in / on </li></ul><ul><li>For adjectives with one syllable, or two syllables...
<ul><li>The most + Adj. + in/of... For adjectives of two or more syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Example:   This is the most ...
<ul><li>• Alguns adjetivos terminados em Y, OW, ER, LE, fazem o superlativo com MOST: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples:  </li></...
<ul><li>2.1 Inferiority - The Least + Adj. + in / of </li></ul><ul><li>He is the least nervous student during the tests. <...
Adjective Order <ul><li>In English, typically, the placement of adjectives before a noun follows this order: </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>5- Color: EX: a pink blouse, a blue tie, a yellow hat, a black suit. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Origin: EX: a Italian ca...
Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are used to define verbs. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The computer is working  slowly  today.  </li></ul>
Adverbs can be used to define adjectives. <ul><li>The company my father works for is  generally  successful . </li></ul>
<ul><li>There are a lot of people in the world that are  shockingly  materialistic. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The floor was  always  uneven, it has to be fixed.   </li></ul>
Adverbs are used to clarify other adverbs   <ul><li>The test was  really  hard today. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The trains came  incredibly  quickly today, I was so luckey. </li></ul>
Adverbs can answer questions such as How? What? When? Where? and What? <ul><li>My mother  always  listens to the radio. </...
<ul><li>I have to study  today. </li></ul>
<ul><li>People should exercise  carefully. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The students and teachers work  closely  together on the project.  </li></ul>
<ul><li>The kids are playing ball  approximately 10 meters from the house . </li></ul>
<ul><li>There are many people living  closely  together in the city. </li></ul>
Adverbs can come before the subject <ul><li>Occasionally  , we go out for dinner. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sometimes , our teacher doesn't give us homework . </li></ul>
Adverbs can be placed between the subject and the main verb. <ul><li>The bus  slowly  moves thought the street. </li></ul>
The dog  quickly  runs .
Adverbs can come after the verb. <ul><li>The people are treating me  nicely .  </li></ul>
<ul><li>The runners ran the race  quickly .  </li></ul>
Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.english-the-easy-way.com/Adverbs/Adverbs.htm  - Fevereiro - 2011; </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford...
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Davidson_Geiziele_Williana_Adverbs and Adjectives

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Adjectives and adverbs

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Davidson_Geiziele_Williana_Adverbs and Adjectives

  1. 1. Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais Disciplina: Est. Linguísticos V: Morfossintaxe (Ênfase em Inglês) Professora: Rosana E.S. Alunos: Davidson, Geiziele e Williana Belo Horizonte, 2011.
  2. 2. <ul><li>Adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is an adjective? <ul><li>An adjective is a word or a group of words that modifies a noun; </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective is a word that names a quality, or that defines or limits a noun &quot; It's the same role they have in Portuguese, but contrary to what occurs in Portuguese:   They don’t have masculine, feminine, singular or plural. They are always used with the same form in any situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Of course, there are the degrees of comparison. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>For examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Good boy Good girl </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Beautiful house Beautiful houses </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comparative Degree <ul><li>1- Equality degree: - AS + adj + AS </li></ul><ul><li>Example: John is as tall as Fred. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>2- Superiority degree: Adj. + ER + Than </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Marta is thinner than Susan. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>• Many two syllable adjectives make the comparative using &quot;more&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>• Os terminados em: by - Y -ow - er - le podem ter ambas as formas: Examples: Lovely - lovelier / more lovely Shallow - shallower / more shallow </li></ul><ul><li>Slender - slenderer / more slender </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>3- Inferiority degree - Less + Adj. + Than Example: </li></ul><ul><li>It is less hot today than it was yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>1.1- Superiority - The + Adj. + EST + in / on </li></ul><ul><li>For adjectives with one syllable, or two syllables ending in Y, OW, ER, LE: </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Jennifer is the loveliest girl in the classroom. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The most + Adj. + in/of... For adjectives of two or more syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: This is the most modern car of all. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>• Alguns adjetivos terminados em Y, OW, ER, LE, fazem o superlativo com MOST: </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Lovely - loveliest / most lovely Shallow - shallowest / most shallow Slender - slenderest / most slender Simple - simplest / more simple </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>2.1 Inferiority - The Least + Adj. + in / of </li></ul><ul><li>He is the least nervous student during the tests. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Adjective Order <ul><li>In English, typically, the placement of adjectives before a noun follows this order: </li></ul><ul><li>1 - Opinion : Ex: an interesting film, a boring person, a great concert. </li></ul><ul><li>2 – Dimension: Ex: a big house, a small dog, a thin book  </li></ul><ul><li>3- Age: EX: a new car, a modern TV set, an ancient theater, an old person. </li></ul><ul><li>4- Shape: EX: a square picture, a round table, an oval loudspeaker. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>5- Color: EX: a pink blouse, a blue tie, a yellow hat, a black suit. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Origin: EX: a Italian car, A Canadian girl, an American actor. </li></ul><ul><li>7- Material: EX: A wooden bed, an iron box, a plastic toy, a woolen sweater. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Adverbs <ul><li>Adverbs are used to define verbs. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The computer is working slowly today. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Adverbs can be used to define adjectives. <ul><li>The company my father works for is generally successful . </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>There are a lot of people in the world that are shockingly materialistic. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The floor was always uneven, it has to be fixed. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Adverbs are used to clarify other adverbs <ul><li>The test was really hard today. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The trains came incredibly quickly today, I was so luckey. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Adverbs can answer questions such as How? What? When? Where? and What? <ul><li>My mother always listens to the radio. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>I have to study today. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>People should exercise carefully. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>The students and teachers work closely together on the project. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>The kids are playing ball approximately 10 meters from the house . </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>There are many people living closely together in the city. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Adverbs can come before the subject <ul><li>Occasionally , we go out for dinner. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Sometimes , our teacher doesn't give us homework . </li></ul>
  31. 31. Adverbs can be placed between the subject and the main verb. <ul><li>The bus slowly moves thought the street. </li></ul>
  32. 32. The dog quickly runs .
  33. 33. Adverbs can come after the verb. <ul><li>The people are treating me nicely . </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>The runners ran the race quickly . </li></ul>
  35. 35. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.english-the-easy-way.com/Adverbs/Adverbs.htm - Fevereiro - 2011; </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford Dictionary,Oxford University press. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.steacher.pro.br/adjective33.html </li></ul><ul><li>Fevereiro – 2011; </li></ul>

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