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Unplugging & Fanning the Fire of Learning & Exploration

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This is from a presentation given at the Penang Institute sponsored by the Penang Education Council. It examines the impact of Screen addiction on children and families, and what is needed to regain health.

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Unplugging & Fanning the Fire of Learning & Exploration

  1. 1. Unplugging & Fanning the Fire of Learning & Creativity Screen Addiction, Our Children & Finding Our Way Back Rory Fleming Richardson, Ph.D., ABMP, TEP Clinical Medical/Health Psychologist & Neuropsychologist
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction  The Cost of Our Technology on Children & Our Future  The Steps to Change  Family Recovery  Creating a New Future
  3. 3. We have reached a pivotal point in our development as a species. Our very accomplishments (such as the television, wireless technology, computers and smart phones) have and are altering our future.
  4. 4. Our children are missing their childhoods, and we are missing the opportunities we have to nurture the future.
  5. 5. We have entire generations who are being impaired in their development because of our obsession with the “screen.” Neuropsychological testing is based on several subtests which measure different functions, such as three-dimensional problem-solving, sequencing, proprioception, memory, attention span, understanding of the physics, differentiation, and others. The overarching assumption is that the individual is from a population who have gone through similar developmental stages which include the education of the senses, gross and fine motor activities, social interaction, and exposure to various educational materials. With the distraction of the colorful, fast pace screen, the exposure to real life development is retarded. Developmental Delays & Neuropsychological Function
  6. 6. We created them to be tools that would help reduce time needed for tasks, and make available more information to more people. But, like any tool, they can be misused.
  7. 7. We have entire generations who have been sucked into a screen paying little attention to the life they are living.
  8. 8. Rather than learning to work with their hands or developing interests and skills, they spend hours captivated by the televised world and online “being entertained.”
  9. 9. Dependence on screens has reached new heights as children of all ages become groomed to passively be entertained by the smart phones with bright colors and their favorite movie on demand.
  10. 10. Thanks to our wireless technology, we can be “plugged in” to what is happening everywhere, except where we currently are and the immediate world around us.
  11. 11. So what is the cost? Decreased of creative play, Decreased interaction time with caring adults, • Schmidt ME, Pempek TA, Kirkorian HL, Lund AF, Anderson DR. The effects of background television on the toy play behavior of very young children. Child Develop. 2008;79(4):1137-1151. • Vandewater EA, Bickham DS, Lee JH. Time well spent? Relating television use to children's free- time activities. Pediatrics. 2006;117(2):e181. • Valkenburg PM, Van der Voort THA. Influence of TV on daydreaming and creative imagination: a review of research. Psych Bulletin. 1994;116(2):316-339. • Kirkorian HL, Pempek TA, Murphy LA, Schmidt ME, Anderson DR. The impact of background television on parent-child interaction. Child development. 2009;80(5):1350-9.
  12. 12. Decreased attention to life events and learning, Increased distraction at school,
  13. 13. Decreased full peer interaction, Decreased development of real-world social skills,
  14. 14. Impaired attention span and promotion of attention deficit symptoms, • AAP (2001) American academy of pediatrics: children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics 107(2):423–426 • Abreu CN, Karam RG, Goes DS, Spritzer DT (2008) Internet and videogame addiction: a review. Rev Bras Psiquiatr 30(2): 156–167 • Adi-Japha E, Landau YE, Frenkel L, Teicher M, Gross-Tsur V, Shalev RS (2007) ADHD and dysgraphia: underlying mechanisms. Cortex 43(6):700–709 • Baer S, Bogusz E, Green DA (2011) Stuck on screens: patterns of computer and gaming station use in youth seen in a psychiatry clinic. J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 20(2):86–94 • Beard KW (2005) Internet addiction: a review of current assessment techniques and potential assessment questions. Cyberpsychol Behav 8(1):7–14 • Bioulac S, Arfi L, Bouvar MP (2008) Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and video games: a comparative study of hyperactive and control children. 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Cyberpsychol Behav 7(5): 559–570 • Chan PA, Rabinowitz T (2006) A cross-sectional analysis of video games and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adolescents. Ann Gen Psychiatry 5:16 • Chang MK, Law SPM (2008) Factor structure for young’s internet addiction test: a confimatory study. Comput Human Behav 24(6):2597–2619 • Chirita V, Chirita R, Stefanescu C, Chele G, Ilinca M (2006) Computer use and addiction in Romanian children and teenagers—an observational study. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi • 110(3):526–532 • Cho SC, Kim JW, Kim BN, Lee JH, Kim EH (2008) Biogenetic temperament and character profiles and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in Korean adolescents with problematic internet use. Cyberpsychol Behav 11(6):735–737 • Coniglio MA, Muni V, Giammanco G, Pignato S (2007) Excessive Internet use and internet addiction: emerging public health issues. Ig Sanita Pubbl 63(2):127–136 • Cumyn L, French L, Hechtman L (2009) Comorbidity in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Can J Psychiatry 54(10): 673–683 • Davis RA, Flett GL, Besser A (2002) Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic internet use: implications for preemployment screening. Cyberpsychol Behav 5(4):331–345 • Dell’Osso B, Hadley S, Allen A, Baker B, Chaplin WF, Hollander E (2008) Escitalopram in the treatment of impulsive-compulsive internet usage disorder: an open-label trial followed by a doubleblind discontinuation phase. J Clin Psychiatry 69(3):452–456 • Demetrovics Z, Szeredi B, Rozsa S (2008) The three-factor model of internet addiction: the development of the problematic internet use questionnaire. Behav Res Methods 40(2):563–574 • Diamond A (2007) Consequences of variations in genes that affect dopamine in prefrontal cortex. Cereb Cortex 17(Suppl 1): i161–i170 • Diamond A, Barnett WS, Thomas J, Munro S (2007) Preschool program improves cognitive control. Science 318(5855):1387–1388 • Ferraro G, Caci B, D’Amico A, Di Blasi M (2007) Internet addiction disorder: an Italian study. Cyberpsychol Behav 10(2):170–175 • Fu KW, Chan WS, Wong PW, Yip PS (2010) Internet addiction: prevalence, discriminant validity and correlates among adolescents in Hong Kong. Br J Psychiatry 196(6):486–492 • Ghassemzadeh L, Shahraray M, Moradi A (2008) Prevalence of internet addiction and comparison of internet addicts and nonaddicts in Iranian high schools. Cyberpsychol Behav 11(6): 731–733 • Green CS, Bavelier D (2003) Action video game modifies visual selective attention. Nature 423:534–537 • Ha JH, Yoo HJ, Cho IH, Chin B, Shin D, Kim JH (2006) Psychiatric comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for internet addiction. J Clin Psychiatry 67(5): 821–826 • Han DH, Young SL, Yang KC, Kim EY, Lyoo IK, Renshaw PF (2007) Dopamine genes and reward dependence in adolescents with excessive internet video game play. J Addict Med 1(3): • 133–138 • Han DH, Lee YS, Na C, Ahn JY, Chung US, Daniels MA, Haws CA, Renshaw PF (2009) The effect of methylphenidate on internet video game play in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Compr Psychiatry 50(3):251–256 • Hinic D, Mihajlovic G, Spiric Z, Dukic-Dejanovic S, Jovanovic M (2008) Excessive internet use—addiction disorder or not? Vojnosanit Pregl 65(10):763–767 • Jackson LA, Zhao Y, Qiu W, Kolenic A, Fitzgerald HE III, Harold R, Von Eye A (2008) Cultural differences in morality in the real and virtual worlds: a comparison of Chinese and US youth. • Cyberpsychol Behav 11(3):279–286. doi:10.1089/cpb.2007.0098 • Johansson A, Gotestam KG (2004) Internet addiction: characteristics of a questionnaire and prevalence in Norwegian youth (12–18 years). Scand J Psychol 45(3):223–229 • Joo A, Park I (2010) Effects of an empowerment education program in the prevention of internet games addiction in middle school students. J Korean Acad Nurs 40(2):255–263 • Kalke J, Raschke P (2004) Learning by doing: ‘initiated abstinence’, a school-based programme for the prevention of addiction. Results of an evaluation study. Eur Addict Res 10(2):88–94 • Khazaal Y, Billieux J, Thorens G, Khan R, Louati Y, Scarlatti E, Theintz F, Lederrey J, Van Der Linden M, Zullino D (2008) • French validation of the internet addiction test. Cyberpsychol Behav 11(6):703–706 • Klingberg T, Fernell E, Olesen PJ, Johnson M, Gustafsson P, Dahlstrom K, Gillberg CG, Forssberg H, Westerberg H (2005) • Computerized training of working memory in children with ADHD—a randomized, controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 44(2):177–186 • Ko C-H, Yen J-Y, Yen C-F, Chen C–C, Yen C-N, Chen S-H (2005a) Screening for internet addiction: an empirical study on cut-off points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 21(12):545–551 • Ko CH, Yen J-Y, Chen C–C, Chen S-H, Yen C-F (2005b) Proposed diagnostic criteria of internet addiction for adolescents. J Nerv Ment Dis 193(11):728–733 • Ko CH, Liu GC, Hsiao S, Yen JY, Yang MJ, Lin WC, Yen CF, Chen CS (2009a) Brain activities associated with gaming urge of online gaming addiction. J Psychiatr Res 43(7):739–747 • Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen CS, Yeh YC, Yen CF (2009b) Predictive values of psychiatric symptoms for internet addiction in adolescents: a 2 year prospective study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163(10):937–943 • Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen SH, Yang MJ, Lin HC, Yen CF (2009c) Proposed diagnostic criteria and the screening and diagnosing tool of internet addiction in college students. Compr Psychiatry • 50(4):378–384 • Ko CH, Yen JY, Liu SC, Huang CF, Yen CF (2009d) The associations between aggressive behaviors and internet addiction and online activities in adolescents. J Adolesc Health 44(6): • 598–605 • Koepp MJ, Gunn RN, Lawrence AD, Cunningham VJ, Dagher A, Jones T, Brooks DJ, Bench CJ, Grasby PM (1998) Evidence for striatal dopamine release during a video game. Nature 393: • 266–268 • Kratzer S, Hegerl U (2008) Is ‘‘internet addiction’’ a disorder of its own?—a study on subjects with excessive internet use. Psychiatr Prax 35(2):80–83 • Lam LT, Peng ZW (2010) Effect of pathological use of the internet on adolescent mental health: a prospective study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 164(10):901–906 • Lawrence V, Houghton S, Tannock R, Douglas G, Durkin K, Whiting K (2002) ADHD outside the laboratory: boys’ excutive function performance on tasks in videogame play and on a visit to the zoo. J Abnorm Child Psychol 30(5):447–462 • Lawrence V, Houghton S, Douglas G, Durkin K, Whiting K, Tannock R (2004) Executive function and ADHD: a comparison of children’s performance during neuropsychological testing and real-world activities. J Atten Disord 7(3):137–149
  15. 15. http://www.infogrades.com/home-pets-infographics/screen-addiction-affect-kids/ https://www.ask-ehs.com/magazine/news/gadget-addiction-breaking-kids-back.html
  16. 16. Increased activation of reward system changing threshold for stimulation,
  17. 17. Decreased physical activity & alteration of metabolism, Increased childhood obesity,
  18. 18. Increased sleep disturbance and deprivation, • Displace sleep time Owens J, Maxim R, McGuinn M, Nobile C, Msall M, Alario A. Television- viewing habits and sleep disturbance in school children. Pediatrics. 1999;104:e27. Thompson DA, Christakis DA. The association between television viewing and irregular sleep schedules among children less than 3 years of age. Pediatrics. 2005;116(4):851. • Physiological impact; suppression of release of melatonin Higuchi S, Motohashi Y, Liu Y, Ahara M, Kaneko Y. Effects of VDT tasks with a bright display at night on melatonin, core temperature, heart rate, and sleepiness. J Applied Physiol. 2003;94(5):1773.
  19. 19. Increased exposure to electromagnetic frequency radiation (EMF),
  20. 20. Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity For approximately 3 to 10 percent of the population who are electromagnetic hypersensitive, they will experience adverse reactions and symptoms to exposure.
  21. 21. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=My5leLBbNqI&t=16s
  22. 22. Signatories Armenia Prof. Sinerik Ayrapetyan, Ph.D., UNESCO Chair - Life Sciences International Postgraduate Educational Center, Armenia Australia Dr. Priyanka Bandara, Ph.D., Independent Env.Health Educator/Researcher, Advisor, Environmental Health Trust; Doctors for Safer Schools, Australia Dr Peter French BSc, MSc, MBA, PhD, FRSM, Conjoint Senior Lecturer, University of New South Wales, Australia Dr. Bruce Hocking, MD, MBBS, FAFOEM (RACP), FRACGP, FARPS, specialist in occupational medicine; Victoria, Australia Dr. Gautam (Vini) Khurana, Ph.D., F.R.A.C.S., Director, C.N.S. Neurosurgery, Australia Dr. Don Maisch, Ph.D., Australia Dr. Elena Pirogova, Ph.D., Biomed Eng., B. Eng (Hon) Chem. Eng., Engineering & Health College; RMIT University, Australia Dr. Mary Redmayne, Ph.D., Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Australia Dr. Charles Teo, BM, BS, MBBS, Member of the Order of Australia, Director, Centre for Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery at Prince of Wales Hospital, NSW, Australia Austria Dr. Michael Kundi, MD, University of Vienna, Austria Dr. Gerd Oberfeld, MD, Public Health Department, Salzburg Government, Austria Dr. Bernhard Pollner, MD, Pollner Research, Austria Prof. Dr. Hugo W. Rüdiger, MD, Austria Bahrain Dr. Amer Kamal, MD, Physiology Department, College of Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain Belgium Prof. Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Ph.D., Free University of Brussels, Faculty of Science, Brussels, Belgium Brazil Vânia Araújo Condessa, MSc., Electrical Engineer, Belo Horizonte, Brazil Prof. Dr. João Eduardo de Araujo, MD, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil Dr. Francisco de Assis Ferreira Tejo, D. Sc., Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, State of Paraíba, Brazil Prof. Alvaro deSalles, Ph.D., Federal University of Rio Grande Del Sol, Brazil Prof. Adilza Dode, Ph.D., MSc. Engineering Sciences, Minas Methodist University, Brazil Dr. Daiana Condessa Dode, MD, Federal University of Medicine, Brazil Michael Condessa Dode, Systems Analyst, MRE Engenharia Ltda, Belo Horizonte, Brazil Prof. Orlando Furtado Vieira Filho, PhD, Cellular&Molecular Biology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Canada Dr. Magda Havas, Ph.D., Environmental and Resource Studies, Centre for Health Studies, Trent University, Canada Dr. Paul Héroux, Ph.D., Director, Occupational Health Program, McGill University; InvitroPlus Labs, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Canada Dr. Tom Hutchinson, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University, Canada Prof. Ying Li, Ph.D., InVitroPlus Labs, Dept. of Surgery, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University, Canada James McKay M.Sc, Ecologist, City of London; Planning Services, Environmental and Parks Planning, London, Canada Prof. Anthony B. Miller, MD, FRCP, University of Toronto, Canada Prof. Klaus-Peter Ossenkopp, Ph.D., Department of Psychology (Neuroscience), University of Western Ontario, Canada Dr. Malcolm Paterson, PhD. Molecular Oncologist (ret.), British Columbia, Canada Prof. Michael A. Persinger, Ph.D., Behavioural Neuroscience and Biomolecular Sciences, Laurentian University, Canada China Prof. Huai Chiang, Bioelectromagnetics Key Laboratory, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China Prof. Yuqing Duan, Ph.D., Food & Bioengineering, Jiangsu University, China Dr. Kaijun Liu, Ph.D., Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China Prof. Xiaodong Liu, Director, Key Lab of Radiation Biology, Ministry of Health of China; Associate Dean, School of Public Health, Jilin University, China Prof. Wenjun Sun, Ph.D., Bioelectromagnetics Key Lab, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, China Prof. Minglian Wang, Ph.D., College of Life Science & Bioengineering, Beijing University of Technology, China Prof. Qun Wang, Ph.D., College of Materials Science & Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, China Prof. Haihiu Zhang, Ph.D., School of Food & BioEngineering, Jiangsu University, China Prof. Jianbao Zhang, Associate Dean, Life Science and Technology School, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China Prof. Hui-yan Zhao, Director of STSCRW, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A & F University, Yangling Shaanxi, China Prof. J. Zhao, Department of Chest Surgery, Cancer Center of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China Croatia Ivancica Trosic, Ph.D., Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Croatia Egypt Prof. Dr. Abu Bakr Abdel Fatth El-Bediwi, Ph.D., Physics Dept., Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Egypt Prof. Dr. Emad Fawzy Eskander, Ph.D., Medical Division, Hormones Department, National Research Center, Egypt Prof. Dr. Heba Salah El Din Aboul Ezz, Ph.D., Physiology, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt Prof. Dr. Nasr Radwan, Ph.D., Neurophysiology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt Estonia Dr. Hiie Hinrikus, Ph.D., D.Sc, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia Mr. Tarmo Koppel, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia Finland Dr. Mikko Ahonen, Ph.D, University of Tampere, Finland Dr. Marjukka Hagström, LL.M., M.Soc.Sc, Principal Researcher, Radio and EMC Laboratory, Finland Prof. Dr. Osmo Hänninen, Ph.D., Dept. of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Finland; Editor-In-Chief, Pathophysiology, Finland Dr. Dariusz Leszczynski, Ph.D., Adjunct Professor of Biochemistry, University of Helsinki, Finland; Member of the IARC Working Group that classified cell phone radiation as possible carcinogen. Dr. Georgiy Ostroumov, Ph.D. (in the field of RF EMF), independent researcher, Finland France Prof. Dr. Dominique Belpomme, MD, MPH, Professor in Oncology, Paris V Descartes University, ECERI Executive Director Dr. Pierre Le Ruz, Ph.D., Criirem, Le Mans, France Georgia Prof. Besarion Partsvania, Ph.D., Head of Bio-cybernetics Department of Georgian Technical University, Georgia Germany Prof. Dr. Franz Adlkofer, MD, Chairman, Pandora Foundation, Germany Prof. Dr. Hynek Burda, Ph.D., University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany Dr. Horst Eger, MD, Electromagnetic Fields in Medicine, Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians, Bavaria, Germany Dr. rer. nat. Lebrecht von Klitzing, Ph.D., Head, Institute of Environ. Physics; Ex-Head, Clinical Research, Fribourg Medical University, Germany Dr.Sc. Florian M. König, Ph.D., Florian König Enterprises (FKE) GmbH, Munich, Germany Dr. Ulrich Warnke, Ph.D., Bionik-Institut, University of Saarlandes, Germany Greece Dr. Adamantia F. Fragopoulou, M.Sc., Ph.D., Department of Cell Biology & Biophysics, Biology Faculty, University of Athens, Greece Dr. Christos Georgiou, Ph.D., Biology Department, University of Patras, Greece Prof. Emeritus Lukas H. Margaritis, Ph.D., Depts. Cell Biology, Radiobiology & Biophysics, Biology Faculty, Univ. of Athens, Greece Dr. Aikaterini Skouroliakou, M.Sc., Ph.D., Department of Energy Technology Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Greece Dr. Stelios A Zinelis, MD, Hellenic Cancer Society-Kefalonia, Greece Iceland Dr. Ceon Ramon, Ph.D., Affiliate Professor, University of Washington, USA; Professor, Reykjavik University, Iceland India Prof. Dr. B. D. Banerjee, Ph.D., Fmr. Head, Environmental Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, India Prof. Jitendra Behari, Ph.D., Ex-Dean, Jawaharlal Nehru University; presently, Emeritus Professor, Amity University, Prof. Dr. Madhukar Shivajirao Dama, Institute of Wildlife Veterinary Research, India Associate Prof. Dr Amarjot Dhami, PhD., Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India Dr. Kavindra K. Kesari, MBA, Ph.D., Resident Environmental Scientist, University of Eastern Finland, Finland; Assistant Jaipur National University, India Prof. Girish Kumar, Ph.D., Electrical Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India Dr. Pabrita Mandal PhD.,Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India Prof. Rashmi Mathur, Ph.D., Head, Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Prof. Dr. Kameshwar Prasad MD, Head, Dept of Neurology, Director, Clinical Epidemiology, All India Institute of Sivani Saravanamuttu, M.Sc., M.Phil., Dept. Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Chennai, India N.N. Sareesh, Ph.D., Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal University, India R.S. Sharma, MD, Sr. Deputy Director General, Scientist - G & Chief Coordinator - EMF Project, Indian Council of Dept. of Health Research, Ministry/Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, India Prof. Dr. Dorairaj Sudarsanam, M.Sc., M.Ed., Ph.D., Fellow - National Academy of Biological Sciences, Prof. of Zoology, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Dept. Advanced Zoology & Biotechnology, Loyola College, Chennai, South India
  23. 23. Iran (Islamic Republic of) Prof. Dr. Soheila Abdi, Ph.D., Physics, Islamic Azad University of Safadasht, Tehran, Iran Prof. G.A. Jelodar, D.V.M., Ph.D., Physiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Iran Prof. Hamid Mobasheri, Ph.D., Head BRC; Head, Membrane Biophysics&Macromolecules Lab;Instit.Biochemistry&Biophysics,Prof. Seyed Mohammad Mahdavi, PhD., Dept of Biology, Science and Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Prof. S.M.J. Mortazavi, Ph.D., Head, Medical Physics & Engineering; Chair, NIER Protection Research Center, Shiraz University Prof. Amirnader Emami Razavi, Ph.D., Clinical Biochem., National Tumor Bank, Cancer Institute, Tehran Univ. Medical Dr. Masood Sepehrimanesh, Ph.D., Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Prof. Dr. Mohammad Shabani, Ph.D., Neurophysiology, Kerman Neuroscience Research Center, Iran Israel Michael Peleg, M.Sc., radio communications engineer and researcher, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Dr. Yael Stein, MD, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Hadassah Medical Center, Israel Dr. Danny Wolf, MD, Pediatrician and General Practitioner, Sherutey Briut Clalit, Shron Shomron district, Israel Dr. Ronni Wolf, MD, Assoc. Clinical Professor, Head of Dermatology Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel Italy Prof. Sergio Adamo, Ph.D., La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy Prof. Fernanda Amicarelli, Ph.D., Applied Biology, Dept. of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences, University of L'AquilaDr. Pasquale Avino, Ph.D., INAIL Research Section, Rome, Italy Dr. Fiorella Belpoggi, Ph.D., FIATP, Director, Cesare Maltoni Cancer Research Center, Ramazzini Institute, Italy Prof. Giovanni Di Bonaventura, PhD, School of Medicine, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti-Pescara, Italia Prof. Emanuele Calabro, Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of Messina, Italy Prof. Franco Cervellati, Ph.D., Department of Life Science and Biotechnology, Section of General Physiology, University of Vale Crocetta, Ph.D. Candidate, Biomolecular and Pharmaceuthical Sciences, "G. d'Annunzio" University of Chieti, Prof. Stefano Falone, Ph.D., Researcher in Applied Biology, Dept. of Health, Life&Environmental Sciences, University Prof. Dr. Speridione Garbisa, ret. Senior Scholar, Dept. Biomedical Sciences, University of Padova, Italy Dr. Settimio Grimaldi, Ph.D., Associate Scientist, National Research Council, Italy Prof. Livio Giuliani, Ph.D., Director of Research, Italian Health National Service, Rome-Florence-Bozen; Spokesman, ICEMS-International Commission for Electromagnetic Safety, Italy Prof. Dr. Angelo Levis, MD, Dept. Medical Sciences, Padua University, Italy Prof. Salvatore Magazù, Ph.D., Department of Physics and Science, Messina University, Italy Dr. Fiorenzo Marinelli, Ph.D., Researcher, Molecular Genetics Institute of the National Research Council, Italy Dr. Arianna Pompilio, PhD, Dept. Medical, Oral & Biotechnological Sciences. G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Prof. Dr. Raoul Saggini, MD, School of Medicine, University G. D'Annunzio, Chieti, Italy Dr. Morando Soffritti, MD, Honorary President, National Institute for the Study and Control of Cancer and Environmental B.Ramazzini, Bologna. Italy Prof. Massimo Sperini, Ph.D., Center for Inter-University Research on Sustainable Development, Rome, Italy Japan Prof. Tsuyoshi Hondou, Ph.D., Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Japan Prof. Hidetake Miyata, Ph.D., Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Japan Jordan Prof. Mohammed S.H. Al Salameh, Department of Electrical Engineering, American University of Madaba, Jordan Kazakhstan Prof. Dr, Timur Saliev, MD, Ph.D., Life Sciences, Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan; Institute Medical Science/Technology, University of Dundee, UK New Zealand Dr. Bruce Rapley, BSc, MPhil, Ph.D., Principal Consulting Scientist, Atkinson & Rapley Consulting Ltd., New Zealand Nigeria Dr. Idowu Ayisat Obe, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria Prof. Olatunde Michael Oni , Ph.D, Radiation & Health Physics, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria Oman Prof. Najam Siddiqi, MBBS, Ph.D., Human Structure, Oman Medical College, Oman Poland Dr. Pawel Bodera, Pharm. D., Department of Microwave Safety, Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Poland Prof. Dr. Stanislaw Szmigielski, MD, Ph.D., Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Poland Romania Alina Cobzaru, Engineer, National Institutes Research & Development and Institute of Construction & Sustainability, Romania Russian Federation Prof. Vladimir N. Binhi, Ph.D., A.M.Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences; M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University Dr. Oleg Grigoyev, DSc., Ph.D., Deputy Chairman, Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, Russian Federation Prof. Yury Grigoryev, MD, Chairman, Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, Russian Federation Dr. Anton Merkulov, Ph.D., Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, Moscow, Russian Federation Dr. Maxim Trushin, PhD., Kazan Federal University, Russia Serbia Dr. Snezana Raus Balind, Ph.D., Research Associate, Institute for Biological Research "Sinisa Stankovic", Belgrade, Serbia Prof. Danica Dimitrijevic, Ph.D., Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia Dr. Sladjana Spasic, Ph.D., Institute for Multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade, Serbia Slovak Republic Dr. Igor Belyaev, Ph.D., Dr.Sc., Cancer Research Institute, Slovak Academy of Science, Bratislava, Slovak Republic South Korea (Republic of Korea) Prof. Young Hwan Ahn, MD, Ph.D, Ajou University Medical School, South Korea Prof. Kwon-Seok Chae, Ph.D., Molecular-ElectroMagnetic Biology Lab, Kyungpook National University, South Korea Prof. Dr. Yoon-Myoung Gimm, Ph.D., School of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Dankook University, South Korea Prof. Dr. Myung Chan Gye, Ph.D., Hanyang University, South Korea Prof. Dr. Mina Ha, MD, Dankook University, South Korea Prof. Seung-Cheol Hong, MD, Inje University, South Korea Prof. Dong Hyun Kim, Ph.D., Dept. of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, South Korea Prof. Hak-Rim Kim, Dept.of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, South Korea Prof. Myeung Ju Kim, MD, Ph.D., Department of Anatomy, Dankook University College of Medicine, South Korea Prof. Jae Seon Lee, MD, Department of Molecular Medicine, NHA University College of Medicine, Incheon 22212, South Korea Prof. Yun-Sil Lee, Ph.D., Ewha Woman’s University, South Korea Prof. Dr. Yoon-Won Kim, MD, Ph.D., Hallym University School of Medicine, South Korea Prof. Jung Keog Park, Ph.D., Life Science & Biotech; Dir., Research Instit.of Biotechnology, Dongguk University, South Korea Prof. Sungman Park, Ph.D., Institute of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Hallym University, South Korea Prof. Kiwon Song, Ph.D., Dept. of Chemistry, Yonsei University, South Korea Spain Prof. Dr. Miguel Alcaraz, MD, Ph.D., Radiology and Physical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Murcia, Spain Dr. Alfonso Balmori, Ph.D., Biologist, Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Castilla y León, Spain Prof. J.L. Bardasano, D.Sc, University of Alcalá, Department of Medical Specialties, Madrid, Spain Dr. Claudio Gómez-Perretta, MD, Ph.D., La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain Prof. Dr. Miguel López-Lázaro, PhD., Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology, University of Seville, Spain Prof. Dr. Elena Lopez Martin, Ph.D., Human Anatomy, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain Prof. Enrique A. Navarro, Ph.D., Department of Applied Physics and Electromagnetics, University of Valencia, Spain Sweden Dr. Michael Carlberg, MSc, Örebro University Hospital, Sweden Dr. Lennart Hardell, MD, Ph.D., University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden Prof. Olle Johansson, Ph.D., Experimental Dermatology Unit, Dept. of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Sweden Dr. Bertil R. Persson, Ph.D., MD, Lund University, Sweden Senior Prof. Dr. Leif Salford, MD. Department of Neurosurgery, Director, Rausing Laboratory, Lund University, Sweden Dr. Fredrik Söderqvist, Ph.D., Ctr. for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västerås, Sweden Switzerland Dr. nat. phil. Daniel Favre, Association Romande Alert, Switzerland Taiwan (Republic of China) Prof. Dr. Tsun-Jen Cheng, MD, Sc.D., National Taiwan University, Republic of China Turkey Prof. Dr. Mehmet Zülküf Akdağ, Ph.D., Department of Biophysics, Medical School of Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey Associate Prof.Dr. Halil Abraham Atasoy, MD, Pediatrics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Medicine, Turkey Prof. Ayse G. Canseven (Kursun), Ph.D., Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Dept. of Biophysics, Turkey Prof. Dr. Mustafa Salih Celik, Ph.D., Fmr. Head, Turkish Biophysical Society; Head, Biophysics Dept; Medical Faculty, Dicle Univ.,Turkey Prof. Dr. Suleyman Dasdag, Ph.D., Dept. of Biophysics, Medical School of Dicle University, Turkey Prof. Omar Elmas, MD, Ph.D., Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Turkey Prof. Dr. Ali H. Eriş, MD, faculty, Radiation Oncology Department, BAV University Medical School, Turkey Prof. Dr. Arzu Firlarer, M.Sc. Ph.D., Occupational Health & Safety Department, Baskent University, Turkey Prof. Suleyman Kaplan, Ph.D., Deputy Chancellor; Dir. Health Services; Head, Dept. Histology & Embryology, Turkey Prof. Dr. Mustafa Nazıroğlu, Ph.D., Biophysics Dept, Medical Faculty, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey Prof. Dr. Ersan Odacı, MD, Ph.D., Karadeniz Technical University, Medical Faculty, Trabzon, Turkey Prof. Dr. Elcin Ozgur, Ph.D., Biophysics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Turkey Prof. Dr. Cemil Sert, Ph.D., Department of Biophysics of Medicine Faculty, Harran University, TurkeyUSA
  24. 24. Prof. Dr. Nesrin Seyhan, B.Sc., Ph.D., Medical Faculty of Gazi University; Chair, Biophysics Dept; Director GNRK Ctr.; Panel Mbr, NATO STO HFM; Scientific Secretariat Member, ICEMS; Advisory Committee Member, WHO EMF, Turkey Prof. Dr. Bahriye Sirav (Aral), PhD.,Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Dept of Biophysics, Turkey Ukraine Dr. Oleg Banyra, MD, 2nd Municipal Polyclinic, St. Paraskeva Medical Centre, Ukraine Prof. Victor Martynyuk, PhD., ECS "Institute of Biology", Head of Biophysics Dept, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev, Ukraine Prof. Igor Yakymenko, Ph.D., D.Sc., Instit. Experimental Pathology, Oncology & Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine United Kingdom Michael Bevington, M.A., M.Ed., Chair of Trustees, ElectroSensitivity UK (ES-UK), UK Mr. Roger Coghill, MA,C Biol, MI Biol, MA Environ Mgt; Member Instit.of Biology; Member, UK SAGE Committee on EMF Precautions, UK Mr. David Gee, Associate Fellow, Institute of Environment, Health and Societies, Brunel University, UK Dr. Andrew Goldsworthy BSc PhD, Lecturer in Biology (retired), Imperial College, London, UK Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Ph.D., Institute of Science in Society, UK Dr. Gerard Hyland, Ph.D., Institute of Biophysics, Neuss, Germany, UK Dr. Isaac Jamieson, Ph.D., Biosustainable Design, UK Emeritus Professor, Michael J. O’Carroll, PhD., former Pro Vice-Chancellor, University of Sunderland, UK. Mr. Alasdair Phillips, Electrical Engineer, UK Dr. Syed Ghulam Sarwar Shah, M.Sc., Ph.D., Public Health Consultant, Honorary Research Fellow, BrunelUniversity London, UK Dr. Sarah Starkey, Ph.D., UK USA Dr. Martin Blank, Ph.D., Columbia University, USA Prof. Jim Burch, MS, Ph.D., Dept. of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, USA Prof. David O. Carpenter, MD, Director, Institute for Health and the Environment, University of New York at Albany, USA Prof. Simona Carrubba, Ph.D., Biophysics, Daemen College, Women & Children's Hospital of Buffalo Neurology Dept., USA Dr. Zoreh Davanipour, D.V.M., Ph.D., Friends Research Institute, USA Dr. Devra Davis, Ph.D., MPH, President, Environmental Health Trust; Fellow, American College of Epidemiology, USA Prof. Om P. Gandhi, Ph.D., Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Utah, USA Prof. Beatrice Golomb, MD, Ph.D., University of California at San Diego School of Medicine, USA Dr. Martha R. Herbert, MD, Ph.D., Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, USA Dr. Donald Hillman, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Michigan State University, USA Elizabeth Kelley, MA, Fmr. Managing Secretariat, ICEMS, Italy; Director, EMFscientist.org, USA Neha Kumar, Founder, Nonionizing Electromagnetic Radiation Shielding Alternatives, Pvt. Ltd; B.Tech - Industrial Biotech., USA Dr. Henry Lai, Ph.D., University of Washington, USA B. Blake Levitt, medical/science journalist, former New York Times contributor, EMF researcher and author, Dr. Albert M. Manville, II, Ph.D. and C.W.B., Adj. Professor, Johns Hopkins University Krieger Graduate School of Arts & Sciences; Migratory Bird Management, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, USA Dr. Andrew Marino, J.D., Ph.D., Retired Professor, LSU Health Sciences Center, USA Dr. Marko Markov, Ph.D., President, Research International, Buffalo, New York, USA Dr. Jeffrey L. Marrongelle, DC, CCN, President/Managing Partner of BioEnergiMed LLC, USA Dr. Samuel Milham, MD, MPH, USA L. Lloyd Morgan, Environmental Health Trust, USA Dr. Joel M. Moskowitz, Ph.D., School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA Dr. Martin L. Pall, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Biochemistry & Basic Medical Sciences, Washington State University, USA Dr. Jerry L. Phillips, Ph.D. University of Colorado, USA Dr. William J. Rea, M.D., Environmental Health Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Camilla Rees, MBA, Electromagnetichealth.org; CEO, Wide Angle Health, LLC, USA Prof. Narenda P. Singh, MD, University of Washington, USA Prof. Eugene Sobel, Ph.D., Retired, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, USA David Stetzer, Stetzer Electric, Inc., Blair, Wisconsin, USA Dr. Lisa Tully, Ph.D., Energy Medicine Research Institute, Boulder, CO, USA Collectively we also request that: • children and pregnant women be protected; • guidelines and regulatory standards be strengthened; • manufacturers be encouraged to develop safer technology; • utilities responsible for the generation, transmission, distribution, and monitoring of electricity • maintain adequate power quality and ensure proper electrical wiring to minimize harmful • ground current; • the public be fully informed about the potential health risks from electromagnetic energy and • taught harm reduction strategies; • medical professionals be educated about the biological effects of electromagnetic energy and • be provided training on treatment of patients with electromagnetic sensitivity; • governments fund training and research on electromagnetic fields and health that is • independent of industry and mandate industry cooperation with researchers; • media disclose experts’ financial relationships with industry when citing their opinions • regarding health and safety aspects of EMF-emitting technologies; and • white-zones (radiation-free areas) be established.
  25. 25. Increased health risks, Reduction in development of life skills, Increased exposure to instant gratification, Poorer impulse control.
  26. 26. What is the solution? The answer to this is, in part, in the identification of costs. During childhood, we use activity, play and imagination as ways of exploring our world and learning to function within it. We explore and discover new things.
  27. 27. We touch, manipulate, and, sometimes, taste things in our environment. When confronted with other children and people, we explore the extent of interaction and learn about the consequences (good and bad) of our behaviors.
  28. 28. Hopefully, we have caring adults who help encourage us toward some actions with positive reinforcement (including their time and smiles) while discouraging us from harmful or inappropriate behaviors through guidance and negative reinforcement.
  29. 29. We learn patience through these interactions so we can better understand the world we live in, such as watching the behavior of an animal , and being encouraged to pay attention for a longer period of time so we do not miss some events (i.e., a squirrel moving in a tree or a wave coming in and then going back out).
  30. 30. As mom does the chores, the child gets to help and do “big people” things. We develop interests in specific areas and hopefully are encouraged to explore them; playing a musical instrument, participating in a sport, creating something with one’s hands, woodworking, or art.
  31. 31. Maria Montessori, M.D., a pioneer in early childhood development, provides an enormous volume of philosophy, principles and methodology to assist with the transition back from screen dependence. One of these is the concept of “preparing the environment” for learning and growth. She held that children have a natural attraction to order, given the opportunity. Preparing the Environment
  32. 32. Dr. Montessori also introduced the concept of “Casa de Bambini”, the house of the child, where the chairs, tables and other furniture is sized to the child. This not only provide for the environment being friendly to the child’s size, but also lends to the development of skills. Casa de Bambini: House of the Child
  33. 33. Through Play, we learn to . . .
  34. 34. What is our job as parents and teachers? • participate in the lives of children, • prepare the environment for discovery and learning, • encourage exploration and learning, • create opportunities for children to spend time playing and interacting with each other, • help them develop the skills for life, • limit exposure to toxins and technologies which undermine real life learning and development, • develop opportunities to learn from and interact with nature, • encourage activities which require the development of patience and skill such as sports, playing a musical instrument, or reading a book (a paper one and not an ebook), • starting as early as possible, let your children help with chores and activities, • model participation in hobbies which are not based in screen watching, • make it a habit to play board games, • look for areas of delayed development to remediate.
  35. 35. Family Recovery What happens when a family decides to “unplug?” Avoidance & Attempts to Sabotage Withdrawal Symptoms Anger & Passive-Aggressive Patterns Bargaining Depression & Anxiety & Finally Acceptance
  36. 36. Remedial development where we learn and start to use the skills that were not developed previously. Relapses are normal, but treat them as learning experiences and get back to staying the course. Seek opportunities to help each other cope, adapt and learn to enjoy the world around you.
  37. 37. Lesson from the Scots . . .
  38. 38. Test out new things to explore . . .
  39. 39. With the distraction of the “screens,” we are missing important parts of our developmental phases. We are only now seeing the impact of this on personal life, society and our relationship with the world we live in. It will take rehabilitation of missed developmental areas for us to be able to solve the problems we face.
  40. 40. “Failure to Launch” One of the side-effects of screen addiction is a phenomena known as “Failure to Launch.” This is where our nineteen year old child spends most of their time “online” with either gaming or other activities, stays up all night, can not seem to get motivated to get out of the house, and fails to start to develop their ability to live an independent life.
  41. 41. We developed computers and various screens to save us time. If it is not for being with our families, our children and our friends, what did we save the time for?
  42. 42. Resources: • http://netaddiction.com/ • http://virtual-addiction.com/ • https://netaddictionrecovery.com/ • https://www.rawhide.org/blog/teen-issues/teen-screen-addiction- effects-health/ • http://www.magdahavas.com/ • http://www.emfandhealth.com/index.html • http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/116/2/e303 • http://www.earthcalm.com/lp-children-and-emfs • http://www.naturalnewsblogs.com/parents-outrage-cell-towers- schooyards-prompts-petition/ • http://electromagnetichealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/50- plus-emf-tips-May-28-2013-2.pdf

This is from a presentation given at the Penang Institute sponsored by the Penang Education Council. It examines the impact of Screen addiction on children and families, and what is needed to regain health.

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