Sky heights Team
Quality of worklifeOfdiamond industry workers
OF DIAMOND WORKERS
DIAMOND INDUSTRYDiamond" comes from the Greek word "adamao":Knowledge of diamond starts in India from 13thcentuary.In wo...
 Today Indian Diamond Industry ispioneer Industry,which employs one millionpeople, accounting for 95 % of the workforce o...
QUALITY OF WORK LIFEQUALITY OF WORK LIFE was initially introduced in thelate 1960s as a way of focusing on the effects of...
8 Principles Given By Richard E. Walton1 Adequate and Fair compensation2Safe and Healthy conditions3.Career Opportunity4. ...
-> Diamond workers are dividend in following groups .1.Bottom level Worker2.Diamond Cutter3.Diamond Polisher4.Final Touchu...
Social Integration In the Work ForceRespect for Individuals Personal RightsDistribution of the workers according to age ...
Diamond cutting industry, in India whereworkers are exposed to multifarious problemslike dust, heat, poor illumination, p...
Majority of the workers (63.80%) sought treatment fortheir health conditions from either a private practitioneror a privat...
.
Duration of work by the workers in Diamond IndustryJob titles in Diamond IndustryDiamond Setter, Diamond Cleaner, Diamond ...
-Sr. No.Type ofeducationMale Female Total1 Primary 118 (16.64) 071 (45.23) 189 (21.82)2 Secondary 461 (65.02) 055 (35.04 5...
Carrer development is essenitial to implement career plan.Career development consists of personal improvementsundertaken ...
 1st programme was done in the month of February 2009 at theGalsana Village of Dhanduka Taluka of Ahmedabad. We had a dis...
Reward and RecognitionFirst time in 50 years, the Rs 65,000-crore Suratdiamond industry has decided to offer its workers ...
One of the oldest diamond units, Venus Jewels, adoptedthe performance-based incentive system in 1978. Thecompany stood ou...
Issue - adequate wagesThe strike by Diamond Workers in GujaratPlace : Kumudwadi area of Bhavnagar, GujaratIssue : The wo...
The study concludes that diamond industry is one of the mostimportant and beautiful industry of GUJARAT and deserve attent...
The diamond industry which employs lakhs of workers should begiven more attention under the provisions of the Factories Ac...
REFERENCESWebsites http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtnvTsHuydQ http://hireblog.timesjobs.com/2010/04/07/surat-diamond-ind...
BooksHuman Resource And Personnel Management3rd Edition ,K ASWATHPPA , published by TataMcGraw Hill.Human Resource Devel...
QUALITY OF WORKLIFE Of Diamond Industry Workers
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QUALITY OF WORKLIFE Of Diamond Industry Workers

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Here our Sky HEIGHTS team make effort to explain Quality of Work Life in Unorganised Sector( Diamond Industry).This presentation made by MLW students,College name : School Of Social Science. University : Gujarat University ,Batch no. -2012-'14.

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QUALITY OF WORKLIFE Of Diamond Industry Workers

  1. 1. Sky heights Team
  2. 2. Quality of worklifeOfdiamond industry workers
  3. 3. OF DIAMOND WORKERS
  4. 4. DIAMOND INDUSTRYDiamond" comes from the Greek word "adamao":Knowledge of diamond starts in India from 13thcentuary.In world context Big diamond houses are in Israel.Indian Diamond industry is mainly involved withcutting, polishing and exporting diamonds.Diamond Workers have played a significant role inthe high economic growth estimated at 12% SGDPper annum.
  5. 5.  Today Indian Diamond Industry ispioneer Industry,which employs one millionpeople, accounting for 95 % of the workforce ofthe world`s diamond industry. In INDIA Mumbai, Surat, Ahmedabad, Bhavnagarand many small towns of Gujarat are themain polishing centres. Gujarat contributes about 72 per cent of thetotalexports of India.
  6. 6. QUALITY OF WORK LIFEQUALITY OF WORK LIFE was initially introduced in thelate 1960s as a way of focusing on the effects ofemployment on worker health and general well being,and a way to enhance the quality of a persons on-the-jobexperience ultimately results in JOB SATISFACTION.QUALITY OF WORK LIFE is a concept of behavioralscientist, and the term was first introduced by Davis in1972 (Hian and Einstein, 1990). Gujarat accounts for about 80 %of the diamondsprocessed and 90 %of the diamond export from India.Surat has 65 per cent share in Indias diamond trade.
  7. 7. 8 Principles Given By Richard E. Walton1 Adequate and Fair compensation2Safe and Healthy conditions3.Career Opportunity4. Career Development5.Social integration in the work place6 Constitionalism in the work organization7.Work life balance8.Social self -esteem for worker
  8. 8. -> Diamond workers are dividend in following groups .1.Bottom level Worker2.Diamond Cutter3.Diamond Polisher4.Final Touchup of Diamond-> They receive their wages according to their work inPiece rate Wage method.-> Kiran Export Diamond workers receives 7.20/-rs perpiece.
  9. 9. Social Integration In the Work ForceRespect for Individuals Personal RightsDistribution of the workers according to age and sexSr. No.Age Group(in years)Male Female Total1. 18-24 222 (31.31) 037 (23.57) 259 (29.91)2. 25-29 150 (21.16) 053 (33.75) 203 (23.44)3 30-34 077 (10.86) 029 (18.47) 106 (12.24)4. 35-39 040 (05.64) 017 (10.83) 057 (06.58)5. 40-44 013 (01.83) 000 (00.00) 013 (01.50)6. 45-49 007 (00.99) 000 (00.00) 007 (00.81)Total 709 (100) 157 (100) 866 (100)
  10. 10. Diamond cutting industry, in India whereworkers are exposed to multifarious problemslike dust, heat, poor illumination, poor hygiene. DISEASES : Respiratory Tract infection,Asthma,Fever,Throat pain,Commoncold,Diarrhoea,Constipation,Vision/Ocularproblems ,Hypertension,Abdominal pain,Headache,Body ache/joint pain,Skin diseases,Weakness.
  11. 11. Majority of the workers (63.80%) sought treatment fortheir health conditions from either a private practitioneror a private hospital.Srno.Type OF healthFACILITYMale Female No. Of workers1 Private PRACTITIONER 159 (42.06) 030(27.03) 189(38.65)2 Private hospital 091(24.07) 032(28.83) 123(25.15)3 Corporate hospitals 029(7.67) 009(8.12) 038(7.77)4 Ngo/trust hospitals 076(20.21) 023(20.72) 099(20.25)5 Government 022(5.82) 015(13.51) 037(7.57)6 Ayurvedic doctor 001(0.26) 002(1.80) 003(0.61)Total 378(100) 111(100) 489(100)
  12. 12. .
  13. 13. Duration of work by the workers in Diamond IndustryJob titles in Diamond IndustryDiamond Setter, Diamond Cleaner, Diamond Cutter,Gem Expert, Diamond Die Polisher, Diamond Driller,Diamond Sizer and Grader, Diamond Selector, Spotter etc.Sr. No. Period (years) Male Female Total1 <05 338 (47.67) 074 (47.13) 412 (47.58)2 06-10 140 (19.75) 053 (33.76) 193 (22.29)3 11-15 111 (15.66) 030 (19.11) 141 (16.28)4 16-20 063 (08.88) 000 (00.00) 063 (07.28)5 21-25 026 (03.68) 000 (00.00) 026 (03.00)6 26-30 021 (02.95) 000 (00.00) 021 (02.42)7 >30 010 (01.41) 000 (00.00) 010 (01.15)Total 709 (100) 157 (100) 866 (100)
  14. 14. -Sr. No.Type ofeducationMale Female Total1 Primary 118 (16.64) 071 (45.23) 189 (21.82)2 Secondary 461 (65.02) 055 (35.04 516 (59.59)3HigherSecondary081 (11.43) 018 (11.46) 099 (11.43)4 Technical 010 (01.41) 000 (00.00) 010 (01.15 )5 Graduate 020 (02.82) 006 (03.82) 026 (03.01)6PostGraduate008 (01.13) 002 (01.27) 010 (01.15)7 Illiterate 011 (01.55) 005 (03.18) 016 (01.85)Total 709 (100) 157 (100) 866 (100)
  15. 15. Carrer development is essenitial to implement career plan.Career development consists of personal improvementsundertaken by the indivisual employee, training, seminars andworkshops .A Case study of Gujarat, India Sarbeswara SahooAssistant Professor (Economics)Mahatma Gandhi Labour Institute AhmedabadImpact of Global Economic Recession on the Livelihoodof Diamond WorkersUnemployment rate stands at 10.1% by October 2009
  16. 16.  1st programme was done in the month of February 2009 at theGalsana Village of Dhanduka Taluka of Ahmedabad. We had a discussion onthe Ratnadeep skill up gradation programme of the Government of Gujarat. The Gujarat Urban Development Mission (GUDM) will launch a trainingprogramme-Umeed-for the workers aged between 18 and 35 years. The Rural Technology Institute, Gandhinagar is also undertaking skilldevelopment programme for the workers where they will be taught to makemobile phone covers, TV remote covers and key chains amongothers.“(Alternative business trainning)Diamond workers are facing a major crisis, as the entire export-orientedindustry was unregulated and there was no Job - Security
  17. 17. Reward and RecognitionFirst time in 50 years, the Rs 65,000-crore Suratdiamond industry has decided to offer its workers aPerformance Bonus as per their skilled workers.“The performance-based incentive ensuresproductivity with quality. It fosters the growth ofworkers as well as that of companies,” saysChandrakant Sanghavi, chairman, Gem & JewelleryExport Promotion Council-Gujarat.Apart from the old practice of production-basedsalary, the companies started offering value-addition incentives as well.Here we called thatemployers applied attrition policy for their business
  18. 18. One of the oldest diamond units, Venus Jewels, adoptedthe performance-based incentive system in 1978. Thecompany stood out during the recession as it did not lay offworkers or shut its units for a single day. It employs around1,500 workers. “In our company, a performer gets handsomereturns,” says founder Sevantibhai Shah.Many companies started offering a bonus to workers inMay-June 2009 to retain them till Diwali. Today, however,not only has production gone up, the company has 350workers on its rolls and attrition is down to 15%, says DineshNavadia, managing director.So we can say after giving such kind of reward as per theirwork the turnover rate also decreases.
  19. 19. Issue - adequate wagesThe strike by Diamond Workers in GujaratPlace : Kumudwadi area of Bhavnagar, GujaratIssue : The workers had been demanding atleast a 30% hike in wages.Bargaining with : Owners of most diamondpolishing units agreed to raise workers’ wages by20% in against of 30%.
  20. 20. The study concludes that diamond industry is one of the mostimportant and beautiful industry of GUJARAT and deserve attention.This is the industry that employs large pool of skilled workforce. Itpollutes less, it is democratic and the worker is free to work, change jobat will and there is no restriction posed by the employer. It is theemployer who runs after workers and is careful on his words that mayretain the workers.At the end of study , we can say that improved QWL leads toimproved performance. Performance should mean not only physicaloutput but also behavior of the worker in helping colleagues in solvingjob related problems . Accepting orders with enthusiasm, promoting apositive team spirit and accepting temporary unfavorable workconditions without complaint.Conclusion
  21. 21. The diamond industry which employs lakhs of workers should begiven more attention under the provisions of the Factories Act. Thegovernment should examine the possibility of simplifying the provisions of theAct and other labour laws, in consultation with entrepreneurs as well as therepresentatives of workers, keeping in view the nature of the industry.Special teams of health care workers, with preventive andoccupational health background, should be prepared and trained to visit bothorganised and unorganised units regularly, keep surveillance for the healthhazards and impart necessary health education on regular basis.Besides medical measures, engineering techniques should beemployed to make the working environment hazard free. In order to addressthe challenges of recession in case any in future a detail survey of the workersis indeed important. All the workers should have an identity card so thatpolicy can be implemented quickly and easily. To train the workers on issuesrelated to Financial literacy and Planning so that they can utilize their hardearned money properly.
  22. 22. REFERENCESWebsites http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtnvTsHuydQ http://hireblog.timesjobs.com/2010/04/07/surat-diamond-industry-decides-to-offer-performance-bonus-to-check-attrition/ http://www.indianmirror.com/indian-industries/diamond.html http://www.global-labour-university.org/fileadmin/GLU_conference_2010/papers/21._Impact_of_Global_Economic_Recession_on_the_Livelihood_of_Diamond.pdf http://www.livemint.com/Companies/ETghuEFfFRmsaxHkTSdR7N/Diamond-workers8217-strike-turns-deadly-hits-trade.htmlhttp://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=3&issueid=133&articleid=1755&action=article
  23. 23. BooksHuman Resource And Personnel Management3rd Edition ,K ASWATHPPA , published by TataMcGraw Hill.Human Resource Development Concepts andPractices ,Prof. SANTOSH GUPTA & SACHIN GUPTA,Published by Deep & Deep Pvt. Ltd.Case Study Papers of Gujarat, India SarbeswaraSahoo1Assistant Professor (Economics)MahatmaGandhi Labour Institute Ahmedabad

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