Ecotourism in India

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Tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment.
Eco-tourism is consecrated for preserving and sustaining the diversity of the world's natural and cultural environments. It accommodates and entertains visitors in a way that is minimally intrusive or destructive to the environment and sustains & supports the native cultures in the locations it is operating in. Responsibility of both travellers and service providers is the genuine meaning for eco-tourism.

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Ecotourism in India

  1. 1. EcoTourism in India
  2. 2. Introduction ▪ Tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment. ▪ This is a conscientious form of tourism and tourism development ▪ It encourages going back to natural products in every aspect of life and helps preserve nature. It is also the key to sustainable ecological development.
  3. 3. Principle of eco tourism ▪ Adopt low-impact wildlife tourism that protects ecological integrity of forest. ▪ Highlight the biodiversity richness, their values and their ecological services to people. ▪ Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect. ▪ Facilitate the sustainability of ecotourism enterprises and activities. ▪ provide livelihood opportunities to local communities. ▪ Highlight the heritage value of India’s wilderness and protected areas.
  4. 4. Eco tourism segmentation Eco Tourism Wildlife Botany Geography
  5. 5. Eco tourism segmentation Wildlife ▪ The exotic range of flora and fauna in India is the reason behind the successful growth ofWildlife tourism in the country. ▪ There are about 400 plus wildlife sanctuaries and 99 national parks sprawling across the country.These natural homes accommodate an estimate of over 350 species of mammals, 2100 types of birds, 350 varieties of reptiles and countless insects.
  6. 6. Botany ▪ A botanical garden consists of plants, especially ferns, conifers and flowering plants. ▪ Plants are grown and displayed for the purposes of research and education. ▪ It also includes the observation of various forests. Huge mass of travellers come to India for such studies.
  7. 7. Geography • A great arc of mountains, consisting of the Himalayas, Hindu Kush,Aravali and Patkai ranges define the northern Indian subcontinent. • TheThar Desert is the world's seventh largest desert, It forms a significant portion of western India.
  8. 8. Geography • The Central Highlands consists of three main plateaus — the Malwa Plateau in the west, the Deccan Plateau in the south and the Chota Nagpur Plateau in the east. • The Eastern Coastal Plain is a wide stretch of land lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. It stretches fromTamil Nadu in the south toWest Bengal in the east.
  9. 9. Geography • India's wetland ecosystem is widely distributed from the cold and arid located in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, and those with the wet and humid climate of peninsular India. Most of the wetlands are directly or indirectly linked to river networks.
  10. 10. Geography • All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds 1. The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges 2. Vindhya and Satpura range in central India 3. Sahyadri orWestern Ghats in western India
  11. 11. Some statistics ▪ 8.8% annual growth in tourism demand ▪ 7.9% growth per annum in tourism-related GDP ▪ 10.5% annual growth in overseas visitors ▪ 7.5% increase per annum in capital Investment in tourism ▪ 5.1% annual growth in government expenditure on tourism ▪ India will be hosting 8.90 million tourists by 2020... ▪ Stats suggest that each year the revenue grow by 7.7%. ▪ UNWTO – estimating that ecotourism accounts for 10-15% of global tourism.
  12. 12. InternationalTouristVisits 0 5 10 15 20 25 %percentage share of ForeignTouristVisits
  13. 13. Few Eco Places ▪ Location: Stretches from Jammu & Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast India. ▪ Weather: From freezing cold to desert hot. ▪ Indian States Covered: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttranchal, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh. Himalayas Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
  14. 14. Coorg or Kodagu • Location:Western Ghats, Karnataka, Southern India. • Weather: Coorg experiences moderate climate with pleasant winters, warm summers and heavy monsoon. • Known asThe Scotland of India . Its rich flora and fauna has earned this place international recognition. Nagarhole National Park Iruppu Falls Abby Falls Durbare elephant camp
  15. 15. Indian Ecosystems and Resources ▪ Biosphere Reserves ▪ Mangroves ▪ Coral Reefs ▪ Deserts ▪ Mountains and Forests ▪ Flora and Fauna ▪ Seas, Lakes and Rivers ▪ Caves
  16. 16. Biosphere Reserves ▪ Nanda Devi National Park , Uttarakhand. Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park ,Tamil Nadu Sundarbans National Park ,West Bengal
  17. 17. Mangroves Bhitarkanika and Mahanadi Delta ,Orissa Coringa, Godavari Delta ,Andhra Pradesh Pichavaram and Point Calimere Tamil Nadu
  18. 18. The key players in the ecotourism ▪ The key players in the ecotourism business are governments at levels, the local authorities, the developers and the operators, the visitors, and the local community. ▪ non-governmental organizations and scientific and research institutions also plays a key role in the development of ecotourism. ▪ Some organizations are Asia Pacific Ecotourism Society, Discovery Mice, World Tourism Organization,The International Ecotourism Society (TIES), Ecoindia etc.
  19. 19. Activities ▪ Bird watching ▪ Hiking ▪ Downhill skiing ▪ Camping ▪ Sight seeing ▪ Swimming in natural water ▪ Wildlife photography ▪ White river rafting
  20. 20. Strength promotes conservation of natural assets and enhances the cultural integrity directs economic and other benefits to the local people promotes the preservation of wildlife and the natural habitats Providing positive attitude and experience among the travellers Strength
  21. 21. Weakness local community is not involving into this tourism process conflicts between resource use for eco-tourism and the livelihood of local inhabitants type and scale of eco-tourism development is not compatible with the environment It is not planned as a part of the overall area development strategy, guided by an integrated land-use plan avoiding inter-sectoral conflicts Weakness
  22. 22. Opportunity Government has recently announced to built ecotourism centres Rising number of tourist arrival in India is indicator for growing eco tourism. sustainable tourism development as a model for other destination development programs it can generate more tourists. Promoting o wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks on the global level we can attract more and more travellers. Opportunity
  23. 23. Threat It tends to conserve the environment at the expanse of the development prospects for the third world communities Competition for eco tourism income between the various groups leads to social disharmony Increased use of resources by the human population, even in the smallest sense cause problem to the environment eco tourism projects itself are the biggest obstacle in the way of the preservation of the environment. Threat
  24. 24. care@roomnhouse.com +91- 9022543210

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