QuestionsBig Question:How do my and other peoples oil consumption habits, affect the world in which I live?Key Questions:-Whose responsibility for ensuring we don’t run out of oil?-What has caused our heavy reliance on oil?Supporting Questions:-What is oil, how do we get it and what is it turned into?-How is oil used today?-What issues are there with the use of oil?-What are the consequences and effects of running out of oil and what alternatives are there?-How are people at home consuming oil?-How much oil are we consuming. how much is left and how long is it till we run out of it?-How does the oil market work and how does it affect consumption?-What is currently being done to conserve oil?-What long term alternatives and solutions are there with oil?-What can people at home do about the situation.
What is Oil?A liquid Substancereferred to as crudeoil if its straight outof the ground.When it comes out ofthe ground it iscalled crude oil
What is Oil?A liquid Substancereferred to as crude oilif its straight out of theground.When it comes out of theground it is called crudeoilIt can come in differentcolours from jet black tostraw colored.
Creating and AccessingThe process over time1. Microscopic animals dieand sink the bottom of thesea. From oil rigs and oil2. Materials bury the wells drills drillanimals down into the ground3. and 4. The pressure to access the oilbuilds up and it thenturns into oil.
Transporting and ReﬁningAs oil is a liquid we have been able to comeup with innovative ways to transport it.Oil pipelines span the world connecting oilwells with ports and reﬁneriesOil is reﬁned by heating it up and thenprogressively cooling it down
Our use of oil Ways we use itTransportation- cars Agriculture- Trucks - Pesticide- Busses - Herbicides- Boats - Fertilizers- Air travel ElectricityMaterials Generation- Plastics- Synthetic
Oil MarketsOil is traded in its different forms on theoil marketOil prices quoted on the news are sportpricesThe price is effected by supply and demandThe fuel price at the petrol pump is heavilyreliant on the price of oil
Production and Consumption Oil consumption is still on the rise Estimated 85 million barrels of oil consumed a day The USA is the largest oil consumer in the world. Three countries produce 40% of the world’s oil
Issues with oilGreen house gas emissionsair pollution - toxic fog/smogAcid rainOil spillsDriving conﬂicts
Will it run outIT is not a simple issueNew oil ﬁelds are being discoveredMore oil is needing to be pumped to meetdemandDifferent people have different points ofview from never to 20 or 30 years.
OverconsumptionWithout oil we would have limitedtransportation options.Plastics would become un-produceableWe will lose fertilizersWe won’t be able to make any pesticides.
AlternativesI think biofuel can used as an alternative inthe short term.We can use hydrogen fuel cells to powerthe car of the future.Replace oil energy production with cleanrenewable sources
Why are we so reliant?Oil has been able to take the jobs ofhumans more productively and efﬁciently.Cars are reliant on oil driving demandThe hydrocarbons have been harvested toproduce nylons and plasticsOil companies are focused on money ﬁrst,the world later.
Who is responsible?No one is willing to take responsibilityThis means that responsibilities fall ontous, the consumer.We can persuade manufactures to look foralternatives to oil based products.We need to take up our share of theresponsibility for the future of our planet