For Each Disaster that occur there are some 20 other smaller emergencies with destructive impact on local communities that are unacknowledged. Dr Roohullah Shabon
Impact of disasters: 400 million people annually effected by disaster From 1990 up to now the economic losses from natural disaster has increased from $10 to $ 50 billions. Asia has the largest number of natural and non natural disasters in the world. ( Asia 100, America 45, Europe 45 and Africa 25) Value of international humanitarian assistance for emergency response has increased from $ 3 millions in 1969 now to 4 billions- mostly from development budgets.
Iran Earthquake and Save the Children’s Emergency Relief Response and Future Plan Bam Disaster by: Dr R. Shabon Save the Children EPU-Washington DC
Citadel of Bam surviving more than2000 years before the Earthquake
The BamEarthquake,The mostdevastatingnaturaldisaster inthe world Bam
Population of affected areas Urban: 97,000 Rural: 143,000 Total: 240,000
Date and the time of the quake Friday December 25 2003 At 05:27 O Clock A.M With the strength of 6.8 Richter scale
Impact of earthquake approx. 45,000 people homeless, expected to rise to 75,000 when the affected people, currently staying with family members or being hospitalized outside Bam. approx. 25,000 buildings destroyed (85%), including houses and public facilities in Bam and surrounding villages. 5000 - 6000 unregistered buried is officially announced by government authorities.
Impact of earthquake to the healthfacilities as an example Health Houses 95 Health Centers 23 (10 Urban & 13 Rural) Hospitals 3 (250 beds total)
Damages caused in the healthsector 50% of health personnel dead All health facilities have been effected.1/3 need rebuilding, 1/3 need rehabilitation and1/3 renovation
Causalities Dead 31000 Injured 22000 Persons Hospitalized 7400 10,000 have been medically evacuated Outpatient care 9600 Home care 5000
SC Emergency Relief and response Activities- Conducted Rapid Assessment- Distribution of NFI:Affected families 300Health centers 8Afghan refugees -110 familiesKhomeini Specialized Hospital in Bam= 100 tents, 200 blanket, 100 jerry cans, and 400 soaps.- Distribution of WHO Emergency kit to Pakistan Field Hospital in Bam- Distribution of Initial Relief Package to all health facilities in Bam- on going
- Development of concept papers andproposal for OFDA, SC Japan, and ECHO(annex 8, 9 and10).- Development and sign of MOU with IRCSand MOH- on going (Annex 11, 12)- Working on registration paper.- Attending all coordination meeting andsharing of our information- Mobilization of staff from other fieldoffices -Pakistan.- Daily updating of the headquarters
SC’s Future Plan- Distribution of initial relief kits to all damaged healthfacilities in Bam and later one based on needdistribution of follow up kit that contain delivery setfor those centers that conduct delivery in coordinationwith local health authorities.- Distribution of children clothes, shoes and toys tovulnerable children and working with separatedchildren.- Rehabilitation/ renovation of one health centre andone welfare centre- Support the reconstruction of semi-permanent modelbuilding for 10 staff house in health centers
SC’s Future Plan contin. Support the establishment of a resources centers and children play area. Support to the IDP and Refugee Camps. Upgrade and support one UHC to Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care Unit and three RHC to Basic Emergency Obstetric Care Units. Training of health and EOC unit staff on emergency preparedness and care.