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2012.12.14 america vs meiji presentation 2 leaders


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2012.12.14 america vs meiji presentation 2 leaders

  1. 1. Leaders of the Meiji Restoration and American Revolution
  2. 2. Benjamin FranklinFukuzawa Yukichi
  3. 3. Benjamin Franklin• Born in Boston, MA in 1705• Publisher, Scientist, Inventor Entrepreneur, Political Theorist, Statesman, Diplomat• Delegate to Philadelphia Convention• Signatory to Declaration of Independence, Treaty of Paris, and U.S. Constitution
  4. 4. Fukuzawa Yukichi• Born 1835 in Osaka, Japan• Author, translator, educator, newspaper editor• Introduced first newspaper and textbooks to Japan• Reformed modern education in Japan
  5. 5. Franklin vs Fukuzawa• Similarities – Brilliant multi-talented reformers – Innovated many civic institutions – Laid out major philosophical framework for nation• Differences – Franklin directly involved in politics – Fukuzawa focus on educational development
  6. 6. Saigo Takamori and Benedict Arnold
  7. 7. Saigo Takamori• Born 1828 in Satsuma-han (Kagoshima-ken)• “Last Samurai”• Led Satsuma forces to victory in Meiji restoration• Disgruntled with Meiji government policy• Led Satsuma Rebellion, killed 1877
  8. 8. Benedict Arnold• Born 1741 in Connecticut• Early Hero in Revolutionary War• Disappointed with lack of recognition and compensation, switched to British Side• Lived, retired, and died in Britain 1801• Name is associated with “traitor”
  9. 9. Saigo vs. Arnold• Similarities – Both men were celebrated and influential military leaders who later became rebels – Both men are controversial figures in their respective national narratives• Differences – Saigo rebelled for certain traditional values while Arnold defected primarily for personal benefit – Saigo probably enjoys more popularity in Japanese memory today than Arnold does in America
  10. 10. Bibliography• Source 1• Source 2• Source 3• Source 4• Source 5• Source 6• Source 7