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Learning circles 5 6


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Learning circles 5 6

  1. 1. Literature Circles
  2. 3. Literature Circles: <ul><li>Literature circles bring together two ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. What are Literature Circles? <ul><li>Literature Circles are small, temporary discussion groups of students who are reading the same piece of literature. </li></ul>
  4. 5. What are Literature Circles? <ul><li>Literature circles give students an opportunity to work independently (reading and activities) and cooperatively (discussion groups) </li></ul>
  5. 6. What do students do in literature circles? <ul><li>Read independently or with their group </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in group discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Each group member will have a specific responsibility during discussion sessions </li></ul><ul><li>The circles will meet daily/weekly and the discussion roles change at each meeting </li></ul>
  6. 7. How do Literature Circles Work? <ul><li>Students all read the same text (in groups) </li></ul><ul><li>The text genre can vary (short story, novel, textbooks, brochures, internet documents) </li></ul><ul><li>Texts which evoke more than one interpretation or connection are usually more successful </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is free to offer comments and questions </li></ul>
  7. 8. Distinctive Features of Literature Circles: <ul><li>Students choose their own reading materials </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Small temporary groups are formed based on book choice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Different groups read different books </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Groups meet on a regular, predictable schedule to discuss their reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Students use written or drawn notes to guide their reading and discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion topics come from students </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Distinctive Features of Literature Circles: <ul><li>Group meetings are open, natural conversations about books </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher is a facilitator, not a group member or instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation is by teacher observation and student self-evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Readers share with their classmates when books are finished </li></ul>
  9. 10. Role of the Teacher <ul><li>The teacher is a model. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher helps students to participate in conversations. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher helps move the conversation forward. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Possible Discussion Roles: <ul><li>Summarizer </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Director </li></ul><ul><li>Passage Master </li></ul><ul><li>Word Wizard </li></ul><ul><li>Connector </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrator </li></ul>
  11. 12. SUMMARIZER: Prepares a brief summary of “today’s reading” which conveys the main highlights or the key points in the pages read.
  12. 13. DISCUSSION DIRECTOR: <ul><li>Directs the discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Helps people talk over the big ideas in the reading and share their reactions (could be thoughts, feelings and concerns which arise) </li></ul><ul><li>Writes questions that will lead to discussion by the group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Questions must be higher level thinking questions!) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. PASSAGE MASTER: Points out interesting or important passages within the reading—could be interesting, powerful, funny, puzzling or important
  14. 15. WORD WIZARD: <ul><li>On the lookout for words in the text that are unusual, interesting, or difficult to understand </li></ul><ul><li>Defines and discusses these words with the group </li></ul>
  15. 16. CONNECTOR: Finds connections between the reading material and the outside world—such as personal experience, school, community, a topic studied in another class, or a different work of literature
  16. 17. ILLUSTRATOR: Draw some kind of picture related to the reading—could be a sketch, cartoon, diagram, flow-chart, or stick-figure scene.
  17. 18. What are higher level thinking questions? <ul><li>Questions that cannot be answered with just yes or no </li></ul><ul><li>Requires thought by each member of the group </li></ul><ul><li>Goes beyond the “W” questions </li></ul>
  18. 19. Good Discussion Starters <ul><li>How did you feel about… </li></ul><ul><li>What would you have done if… </li></ul><ul><li>How are you like or unlike the main character? </li></ul>
  19. 20. Good Discussion Starters <ul><li>What would you have done differently than the main character? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you think about… </li></ul><ul><li>Which character do you best relate to and why? </li></ul>
  20. 21. What should students do in the discussion groups? <ul><li>STUDENTS SHOULD: </li></ul><ul><li>Actively participate </li></ul><ul><li>Explain their role to the group, ask group members questions, and answer questions from each group member </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for clarification on any material that may have been confusing </li></ul>
  21. 22. How will class time be used? <ul><li>On literature circle day, the first 15-20 minutes will be spent in discussion groups to give the students the opportunity to share their job responsibilities with the group from the previous day’s reading. </li></ul><ul><li>New jobs and reading assignments will be assigned for the next class meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Reading the text individually or as a group </li></ul><ul><li>Working on activities dealing with the text </li></ul>
  22. 23. Lit Circle Weekly Schedule * Group Reviews Roles * Select Role Lit Circle Roles for Week *Complete assigned reading (group, independently) *Complete assigned role activity *Report out role info *Complete assigned role activity *Finish role activity *Teacher facilitates as needed *Teacher uses checklist to monitor progress & expected behavior
  23. 24. How much time should be allowed for each book? It should take about 3-4 weeks for each book to be read
  24. 25. To achieve these outcomes, the students will: <ul><li>Choose a book </li></ul><ul><li>Play a role in discussions of the book </li></ul><ul><li>Keep a group folder to organize role assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Each group will present a end product. (digital story, poster, book talk, picture book…) </li></ul>
  25. 26. How will students be graded? <ul><li>Students will be graded on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily job completion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final project/presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self evaluate </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. It is important for students to: <ul><li>Participate!! </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up with their reading assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Keep up with their role in the group </li></ul><ul><li>Respect others and their opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Treat group members in a positive way—the way they want to be treated </li></ul>