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Vessels of upper limb

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vessels of upper limb

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Vessels of upper limb

  1. 1. • What is an axis artery? • What is the axis artery of upper limb? • What are Vena comitans ?
  2. 2. VESSELS OF UPPER LIMB • Subclavian artery • Axillary artery • Brachial artery • Radial artery • Ulnar artery • Palmer arches
  3. 3. VESSELS OF UPPER LIMB
  4. 4. SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
  5. 5. SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY • Extent: origin to outer border of 1st rib • Parts: 3 with reference to scalenus anterior muscle • Branches – 1st part: Vertebral, Internal thoracic & Thyrocervial trunk – 2nd part: Costocervical trunk – 3rd part: Dorsal scapular artery
  6. 6. Axillary artery
  7. 7. Axillary artery • Extent: 1st rib to teres major • Parts: 3; with reference to pectoralis minor • Branches – 1st part: Superior thoracic – 2nd part: thoracoacromian & lat thoracic – 3rd part: subscapular, ant circumflex & post circumflex
  8. 8. • Extent: teres major to head of radius • Branches: – Profonda brachii – Superior ulnar collateral – Inferior ulnar collateral – Nutrient to humerus – Radial – Ulnar Brachial artery
  9. 9. Radial artery • Extent: origin to between the heads of adductor pollicis • Continuation: deep palmar arch
  10. 10. Radial artery: branches • Forearm – Radial recurrent artery – Palmar carpal branch – Superficial palmar branch • Wrist – Dorsal carpal branch – First dorsal metacarpal artery • Hand – Princeps pollicis – Radialis indicis – Deep palmer arch
  11. 11. Ulnar artery • Larger of 2 terminal branches of brachial artery • Extent: origin to transverse carpal ligament • Continuation: superficial palmer arch
  12. 12. Ulnar artery: branches • Anterior ulnar recurrent • posterior ulnar recurrent • common interosseous • muscular artery • Palmer carpal • Dorsal carpal • Deep palmer • Superficial palmer arch
  13. 13. Palmer arches • Deep – Radial artery + deep branch of ulnar – At base of metacarpels & interossei – covered by oblique head of the adductor pollicis, the flexor tendons of fingers and lumbricals – Br: Palmer metacarpel arteries • Superficial – Ulnar + sup br of radial – At distal border of extended thumb – Br: 3 common palmer digital branches
  14. 14. veins
  15. 15. • What is an axis artery? • What is the axis artery of upper limb? • What are Vena comitans ?
  16. 16. Task • Allen’s test?

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