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From online booksellers highlighting interesting items, social networking sites encouraging users to divulge personal information and auction sites using reputation-based systems to reassure consumers entering into transactions with strangers, computers can, and do, change human behaviour and have changed society in dramatic ways. There is, as a result, a considerable interest in the use of information and communications technology (ICT) for environmental regulation (ER).
However, while there is now a substantial body of literature on regulation and ICT, this focuses on either the regulation of information (such as data protection) or the regulation of communications (such as freedom of speech online). It is also predominantly concerned with ICT as something to be regulated, rather than on the use of ICT for regulation (e-regulation). This presentation attempts to fill this gap.