Garden ornaments are items intended primarily for decorative purposes and displayed in parks, gardens and formal grounds. They include statues, planters, urns, birdbaths, water features, sundials and wind chimes.
Garden ornaments are items intendedprimarily for decorative purposes anddisplayed in parks, gardens and formalgrounds. They include statues, planters,urns, birdbaths, water features, sundialsand wind chimes.
China and JapanThe Far East has a three-thousand-year tradition of formal gardens, oftenincorporating ornaments. Water features and miniature Terracotta Mountainsdecorated classical Chinese gardens, while the Zen garden became popular inJapan, with simple ornaments such as pure white stones used for decoration.Ancient RomeThe Romans, influenced by the Greeks, Egyptians and Persians, created the firstdecorative gardens in the western world in around 60 BC. Ornaments featuredprominently with urns, sundials and statues of deities becoming popular as well asdovecotes, arbours and fountains. Centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire theera influenced 15th century Italian Renaissance garden design, which in turninspired the French Renaissance and English gardens.
Wind Ornaments Stone Ornaments Garden Planters Garden Water Features
These are garden ornaments which harness windenergy to create sound or movement. They includewind chimes, spinners and kinetic sculptures. Windchimes are usually made of suspended wood,metal or bamboo tubes which produce soundwhen the breeze causes them to collide with eachother or a central clapper. Other designs includesmall bells, or found or recycled materials such asshells or cutlery. Kinetic garden sculptures areornamental artworks where the whole or parts ofthe form are moved by the wind to createinteresting visual effects. They often have polishedsurfaces so that they reflect light as they move.
Roman statues and urns were sculpted fromstone and the material remains popular forgarden ornaments to the present day, withmodern production techniques includingmolding ornaments from composite stone.Typical stone ornaments include statues ofanimals and lions, eagles and stags are amongthe most frequently represented. The godswere popular subjects for stone sculptures inAncient Rome, and replicas of these statuesare still produced. Ornaments can bedisplayed on stone plinths or pedestals, usedas gatepost finials or mounted on walls orbalustrades. Stone ornaments are alsofrequently incorporated in fountains and waterfeatures.
While their primary function is to houseflowers and foliage, garden planters can bevery ornate in their design, serving anornamental as well as a practical purpose.Popular shapes include rectangular troughs,circular bowls and deep vases. As with stonestatues, decorative planters are oftendisplayed on pedestals or plinths, or in pairsflanking the head or foot of stairs. Plantersare produced in a wide range of materialsincluding terracotta, resin, wood, metal andceramics. Stone is frequently used forornamental planters in classic Greek andRoman inspired designs.
Water features have been an important elementof garden design since the first formal groundswere created, and continue to be a focal pointin many gardens today. Designs range from thehumble pond to ornate tiered fountains. Themajority of water features are powered byelectric pumps, with some contemporarydesigns using solar panels as an energy source.Modern water features are not usually plumbedinto the mains, instead recycling water from asump. Stone, favoured by the AncientRomans, remains popular for classical waterfeatures, but other materials includingsteel, resin and glass are also used incontemporary designs.