Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons   The impact of Chinese cultural values on job seeking  and career planning   Ronald M...
Background and rationale <ul><li>The need for Immigrant workers in Canadian labour Market </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties E...
  Methodology <ul><li>Standardized questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Survey – 36 returned questionnaires, some followed up f...
Target group <ul><li>Chinese or non-Chinese Career counsellors with at least 3 years experience working with Chinese immig...
Selected Chinese cultural Values for investigation* Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Questionnaire (1) * based on Kluck...
Question 1:   Does this value still exist among your clients? Question 2:   How does it affect their job searching behavio...
<ul><li>Abasement , modesty and self-effacement are prevailing   </li></ul>謙   Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Results...
<ul><li>Situation-orientation,  depends on situation, easy to give in and  </li></ul><ul><li>settle with less </li></ul>緣 ...
<ul><li>Respect for authority , prone to obey or trust authority, more reliance and less initiative </li></ul>敬   Crouchin...
<ul><li>Expect c ontinuity  of employer-employee relationship,  </li></ul><ul><li>treasure loyalty  </li></ul><ul><li>and ...
<ul><li>Follow the  doctrine of the mean ,  </li></ul><ul><li>do not want to go to extremes </li></ul>中 Crouching Tigers a...
<ul><li>Looking for  Harmony with others , not to criticize, less complains </li></ul>和 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
Recommendation <ul><li>Assertive training </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation skills   </li></ul><ul><li>Independent and self-r...
Next Steps <ul><li>Study on Chinese in difference Chinese sub-communities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainland China </li></ul>...
Tools recommended   Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
The Wheel   Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
Strategies for Cultural Bridging   Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
* The beginning relationship * The involvement of family  and friends * Transferable Skills and  Attitudes * Behavioral Re...
The beginning relationship * One eye on the person and the  other on the cultural context * Mattering * Personal artifacts...
<ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Changes <...
<ul><li>Working in reverse with the Wheel </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Transferable Skills and Attitudes
<ul><li>Assuming the role of “Cultural Guide” </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Practice   </li></ul>Crouching Tigers an...
Chinese version Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
<ul><li>The possibility of adding materials – “side trips </li></ul><ul><li>The flexibility of using this guidebook: </li>...
<ul><li>curriculum design  </li></ul><ul><li>contents and time schedule </li></ul><ul><li>client recruitment and selection...
<ul><li>extended activities and further readings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>required skills: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bas...
Career SUCCESS in Canada Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
Summing up <ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
Thank You Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Ronald Ma  MSW RSW SUCCESS Training Institute  Canada [email_address] Dr. No...
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  • Being humble and self-denounce is always a virtue in the Chinese culture, but how can a person get job, if he tells his potential employer that he is no good. How can a job seeker, who is as fierce as dragon, but is always hiding; or as strong as a tiger, but always crouching, get a job? There is always a feeling among counsellors of Chinese clients that given the same qualification, modesty and humbleness put the job seeker in a disadvantaged position, and such candidate is always less competitive in a fierce job interview during which the employer makes hiring decision within the first few minutes. The design of the current job searching curriculum, derived mostly from western concepts, has to address these pitfalls and help to empower the job seeker.
  • Crouching Tiger And Hidden Dragon

    1. 1. Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons The impact of Chinese cultural values on job seeking and career planning Ronald Ma MSW RSW SUCCESS Training Institute Canada [email_address] Dr. Norman Amundson PhD University of British Columbia Canada [email_address] ___________________________________
    2. 2. Background and rationale <ul><li>The need for Immigrant workers in Canadian labour Market </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties Encountered by Immigrant workers and employment counselors </li></ul><ul><li>The need for cultural understanding, techniques and tools for counseling Chinese Immigrant job seeker </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    3. 3. Methodology <ul><li>Standardized questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Survey – 36 returned questionnaires, some followed up for in-depth individual interview </li></ul><ul><li>2 Focus groups, 12 participants each </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    4. 4. Target group <ul><li>Chinese or non-Chinese Career counsellors with at least 3 years experience working with Chinese immigrant job seekers </li></ul><ul><li>Date of date collection: September 2006 – March 2007 </li></ul>____________________________________
    5. 5. Selected Chinese cultural Values for investigation* Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Questionnaire (1) * based on Kluckhohn and Strodbeck’s classification and framework of Chinese values
    6. 6. Question 1: Does this value still exist among your clients? Question 2: How does it affect their job searching behaviour/ strategy and career planning? Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Questionnaire (2)
    7. 7. <ul><li>Abasement , modesty and self-effacement are prevailing </li></ul>謙 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Results ____________________________________
    8. 8. <ul><li>Situation-orientation, depends on situation, easy to give in and </li></ul><ul><li>settle with less </li></ul>緣 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    9. 9. <ul><li>Respect for authority , prone to obey or trust authority, more reliance and less initiative </li></ul>敬 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    10. 10. <ul><li>Expect c ontinuity of employer-employee relationship, </li></ul><ul><li>treasure loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>and long term </li></ul><ul><li>relationship </li></ul>忠 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    11. 11. <ul><li>Follow the doctrine of the mean , </li></ul><ul><li>do not want to go to extremes </li></ul>中 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    12. 12. <ul><li>Looking for Harmony with others , not to criticize, less complains </li></ul>和 Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    13. 13. Recommendation <ul><li>Assertive training </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation skills </li></ul><ul><li>Independent and self-reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge about the changing world of work </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge about workplace culture </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    14. 14. Next Steps <ul><li>Study on Chinese in difference Chinese sub-communities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainland China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian Chinese (local born or long time immigrants) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>developing curriculum for Chinese Users: contents; delivery methods, instruction for counsellors </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    15. 15. Tools recommended Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    16. 16. The Wheel Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    17. 17. Strategies for Cultural Bridging Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    18. 18. * The beginning relationship * The involvement of family and friends * Transferable Skills and Attitudes * Behavioral Rehearsal Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    19. 19. The beginning relationship * One eye on the person and the other on the cultural context * Mattering * Personal artifacts * Drawings * Questioning Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    20. 20. <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to Continue Improving </li></ul><ul><li>Unrecognized Pos. Skills and Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Career Suggestions </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Significant Others Questionnaire
    21. 21. <ul><li>Working in reverse with the Wheel </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Transferable Skills and Attitudes
    22. 22. <ul><li>Assuming the role of “Cultural Guide” </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Practice </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Behavioral Rehearsal
    23. 23. Chinese version Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    24. 24. <ul><li>The possibility of adding materials – “side trips </li></ul><ul><li>The flexibility of using this guidebook: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self help </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual guidance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling Groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of individual and group counseling </li></ul></ul></ul>How to assist Chinese job seekers using this book- a counselors’ guide Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    25. 25. <ul><li>curriculum design </li></ul><ul><li>contents and time schedule </li></ul><ul><li>client recruitment and selection </li></ul><ul><li>involvement of friends and family members </li></ul><ul><li>groups activities </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>relationship building </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>discussion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>exercise / work sheets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>action </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>review </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>follow through </li></ul></ul></ul>How to assist job seekers using this book- To employment counselors Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    26. 26. <ul><li>extended activities and further readings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>required skills: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>basic individual employment counseling skills and process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>basic group employment counseling skills and process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>optional skills: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>local employment environment and system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>employment services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>job searching strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>workplace strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fundamentals of career development theories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>balance of life/work </li></ul></ul></ul>How to assist job seekers using this book- To employment counselors Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    27. 27. Career SUCCESS in Canada Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons ____________________________________
    28. 28. Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    29. 29. Summing up <ul><li>Q & A </li></ul>Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons
    30. 30. Thank You Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons Ronald Ma MSW RSW SUCCESS Training Institute Canada [email_address] Dr. Norman Amundson PhD University of British Columbia Canada [email_address] Contact:

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