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The Dutch Case With Oer At Opened


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The Dutch Case With Oer At Opened

  1. 1. The Dutch Case with OER: an Emerging National Strategy Fred Mulder Rector Open Universiteit Nederland Chair OER Taskforces of: EADTU = European Association of Distance Teaching Universities ICDE = International Council for Open and Distance Education OpenEd 2009 Vancouver
  2. 2. Open Universiteit Nederland (1) <ul><li>one of 14 highly-reputed universities in NL, steadily ranking 2 nd in national students survey </li></ul><ul><li>but with a specific Profile : </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong, Open, and Flexible (LOF) learning </li></ul><ul><li>and one of 10 prominent universities for LOF learning in Europe (e.g. UK OU, UOC, …) </li></ul><ul><li>over 20.000 students </li></ul><ul><li>celebrating 25th anniversary this year </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  3. 3. Open Universiteit Nederland (2) <ul><li>5-fold Open , </li></ul><ul><li>namely with respect to: </li></ul><ul><li>access </li></ul><ul><li>programming </li></ul><ul><li>time </li></ul><ul><li>place </li></ul><ul><li>pace </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  4. 4. Open Universiteit Nederland (3) <ul><li>Bachelor / Master / PhD programmes </li></ul><ul><li>(fully accredited) from seven Schools: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Informatics / Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Management Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Sciences </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  5. 5. Open Universiteit Nederland (4) <ul><li>Expertise centres: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Sciences and Technology ( CELSTEC , formerly OTEC / since 1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development of teachers ( Ruud de Moor Centre / since 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Education for Sustainable Development ( RCE Rhine-Meuse / since 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong Learning (Netherlands Laboratory for Lifelong Learning - NELLL / since 2007) </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  6. 6. OER Initiatives in NL <ul><li>Institutional launches </li></ul><ul><li>2006 / OpenER @ OUNL </li></ul><ul><li>2007 / OpenER @ TU Delft </li></ul><ul><li>National launches </li></ul><ul><li>2008 / Spinoza Series </li></ul><ul><li>2009 / Networked Open Polytechnic </li></ul><ul><li>2009 / Wikiwijs (‘all-inclusive’ initiative) </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  7. 7. Institutional: OpenER @ OUNL <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lowering thresholds for access to formal HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>widening and increasing participation in HE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>large-scale offering of high-quality short open courses developed for self-study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ portal of temptation’ to HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bridging informal learning and formal education by official examination options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(earning Bachelor credits) </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  8. 8. OpenER @ OUNL, continued … <ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>very intensive media attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 open courses (25 hrs. study load = 1EC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>close to 1.000.000 unique visitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10% reported influence on their decision to commit to some form of HE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding through 2006-2008: </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education / Hewlett Foundation </li></ul><ul><li> (500 k € / 200k$) </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  9. 9. OpenER @ OUNL, continued … <ul><li>Please be referred to: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  10. 10. OpenER @ OUNL, continued … <ul><li>Spin-offs (in NL): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenER @ TU Delft, new but inspired by ... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secondary schools using OpenER courses for their students (incl. examination) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinoza Series </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spin-offs (in Europe): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenLearn (UK OU) and OpenER were pioneers in the ODL world, to be followed by a European project (MORIL) and their sister Open Universities </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  11. 11. OpenER @ OUNL, continued … <ul><li>Way forward with OpenER @ OUNL: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>financial concerns about full OER strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taskforce: ‘OERstom’ or ‘OERslim’ (Dutch) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(= ‘terribly stupid’ or ‘terribly smart’) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable (?!) three-shell model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>now starting with piloting this model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In touch with the Ministry of Education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikiwijs … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fall-back ‘guarantee’ scenario? </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  12. 12. Institutional: OpenER @ TUD <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contribute to international reputation and orientation of TU Delft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commit to the goals of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>attract well-informed students worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>offering (parts of) MSc programmes in OER (in the English language) </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  13. 13. OpenER @ TUD, continued … <ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 2007: publication first 10 MSc courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. 2008: completion pilot (22 courses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jan. 2009: second phase approved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June 2009: 31 courses published </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  14. 14. OpenER @ TUD, continued … <ul><li>Please be referred to: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  15. 15. OpenER @ TUD, continued … OpenEd 2009 Page <ul><li>Offshore Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore Hydromechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Dredge Pumps and Slurry Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Dredging Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Design of Dredging Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore Wind Farm Design </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore Moorings </li></ul><ul><li>Water management </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water treatment (Technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water treatment (Design) </li></ul><ul><li>Public hygiene and epidemiology </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Engineering in Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>NanoScience </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Statistical Mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Mesoscopic Physics </li></ul><ul><li>Microelectronics </li></ul><ul><li>Methods and Algorithms for System Design </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Cells </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Signal Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Device Physics </li></ul><ul><li>BioMechatronics </li></ul><ul><li>BioMechatronics </li></ul><ul><li>Biomedical Engineering Design </li></ul><ul><li>System Identification and Parameter Estimation </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and Global Development </li></ul><ul><li>Technics and Future </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Dynamics and Transition Management </li></ul>
  16. 16. OpenER @ TUD, continued … <ul><li>Way forward with OpenER @ TU Delft: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 2009: launch new website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. 2009: aim 40-45 courses including 1st year Bachelor courses (study choice!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>invest in future learning methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increase OCW visibility for TU Delft students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>contact specific target groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>course material use for joint degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop and offer remedial courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>separate portal secondary schools </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  17. 17. OpenER @ TUD, continued … Onderwerp Pagina Under construction
  18. 18. National: Spinoza Series <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eminent Duch researchers bring their body of thought and views to a broad public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role model for all researchers in NL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>international exposure of NL top research? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develop and offer OpenER courses with all its qualities (self-study, activating, interactive, different media, etcetera) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>work with Spinoza Premium laureates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( highest research award: 2,5 M€) </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  19. 19. Spinoza Series, continued … <ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>launch Nov. 2008 at Spinoza Ceremony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaboration OUNL - NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Hall of Fame’ … two courses so far: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Frits van Oostrom : Mediaeval Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Johan van Benthem : Logic in Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> (to be published also in English) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>much interest among Spinoza laureates … </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  20. 20. Spinoza Series, continued … <ul><li>Please be referred to: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  21. 21. National: NOP = Networked Open Polytechnic <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>establish a second track through HE for Lifelong, Open and Flexible (LOF) learning in a professional / vocational context (alongside the Open University system for academic HE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>explore an innovative open business model: an open network, using open source, open access and open content (rather than cloning OUNL) </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  22. 22. NOP, continued … <ul><li>Means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>develop new educational programmes in networks depending on the domain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>major NOP characteristics: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- OER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- modularity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- assessment of prior learning (APL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- workplace learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- learning communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- regional offering in national infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- link with professional practice </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  23. 23. NOP, continued … <ul><li>Main outcomes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring 2007: OUNL initiates NOP concept </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb. 2008: NOP concept adopted by all stakeholders in National LLL Action Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aug. 2009: NOP-Informatics assessed for accreditation as a joint effort of OUNL and four Universities of Applied Sciences (starting Jan. 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>step-by-step extension with other domains: Management, … </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  24. 24. NOP, continued … <ul><li>Please be referred to: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  25. 25. National: Wikiwijs <ul><li>Cause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>observed success of OER initiatives shown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an increasing set of a variety of OER initiatives in all educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recent policy of ‘schoolbooks for free’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 2008: Advice of the Education Council to the Parliament: ‘Make more use of OER f or innovation of education’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct.2008: OUNL brings the Indian NKC ‘ Report to the Nation 2006-2009’ to the attention of the Minister of Education </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  26. 26. Wikiwijs, continued … <ul><li>In Action … as of Dec. 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minister of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>launches Wikiwijs as a national OER initiative: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- initial focus on secondary, primary and community college education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- but actually for all educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April 2009: broad support in Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 2009: OUNL & Kennisnet start preparing this complex and ambitious programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>July 2009: delivery Programme Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12th Aug. 2009: Minister’s final OK ; submission to Parliament </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  27. 27. Wikiwijs: policy objectives … <ul><li>stimulate development and use of OER </li></ul><ul><li>improve access to both open and ‘closed’ digital learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>support teachers in arranging their own learning materials and professionalization </li></ul><ul><li>increase teacher involvement in development and use of OER </li></ul><ul><li>extend options for customized education </li></ul><ul><li>increase quality of education through more flexible and up-to-date learning materials </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  28. 28. Wikiwijs will be … <ul><li>an open internet-based platform for teachers / professors, where they can find, use and develop open learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>‘ open’ = free learning materials in terms of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>distribution </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  29. 29. Wikiwijs will offer … <ul><li>a Repository of open educational resources </li></ul><ul><li>a Referatory to digital educational resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>open and closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>free access and access to be paid for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>public and commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>easy to use arrangement and development tools for teachers / professors </li></ul><ul><li>end-user support for teachers / professors when creating and using learning materials </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  30. 30. Wikiwijs: what’s in a name … <ul><li>Wikiwijs is referring to the philosophy of Wikipedia (using ‘the wisdom of the crowds’) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikiwijs is not referring to the functionality or user interface of Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Strong advocates and fierce opponents of the name which was meant to be used only temporarily … </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  31. 31. Wikiwijs: seeking commitment / engagement … OpenEd 2009 Page
  32. 32. Wikiwijs: organization … Steering Committee Programme Manager Programme Bureau Content Profession- alization Technology Communities Research & Evaluation Communication Life Cycle Management OpenEd 2009 Page
  33. 33. Wikiwijs: planning … <ul><li>Aug. 2009: end of planning stage </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 2009: launch of beta version with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>three focus subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secondary, primary, community college sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>as of Sept. 2010: start of roll out to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>other subjects and domains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other educational sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jan. 2011: delivery of Implementation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>for the years ahead … </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  34. 34. Wikiwijs: basic principles … <ul><li>primarily meant for, by and of teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>but others (experts, practitioners, students, etc.) may contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>no payment for creating, editing or acquiring learning materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>support for making available existing learning materials (metadata and copyrights) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>no payment for moderating communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unless this will appear to be necessary for success </li></ul></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  35. 35. Wikiwijs: basic principles … <ul><li>maximum (free!) use of existing components of OUNL, Kennisnet and other publicly funded educational organizations </li></ul><ul><li>open standards and open source mandatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exception: MS Office </li></ul></ul><ul><li>all OER learning materials and materials for professionalization to be published under CC-BY </li></ul><ul><li>professionalization of both </li></ul><ul><li>teachers and management! </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  36. 36. Wikiwijs: on quality … <ul><li>Beyond ‘Wisdom of the crowds’: </li></ul><ul><li>peer review </li></ul><ul><li>(uploading only through a user profile) </li></ul><ul><li>adoption organizations / groups </li></ul><ul><li>(compare Connexions) </li></ul><ul><li>competent participants </li></ul><ul><li>(through professionalization) </li></ul><ul><li>In the Research & Evaluation project the quality framework will be evaluated on adequacy. </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  37. 37. Wikiwijs: the budget … <ul><li>for 2009 (half year) and 2010: </li></ul><ul><li> 4.4 M € from the Ministry </li></ul><ul><li>plus: </li></ul><ul><li>budget components of publicly funded educational organizations for activities that logically can be connected to Wikiwijs … </li></ul><ul><li>plus: </li></ul><ul><li>the efforts and capacity of many people … </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  38. 38. OER Initiatives in NL <ul><li>Institutional launches </li></ul><ul><li>2006 / OpenER @ OUNL </li></ul><ul><li>2007 / OpenER @ TU Delft </li></ul><ul><li>National launches </li></ul><ul><li>2008 / Spinoza Series </li></ul><ul><li>2009 / Networked Open Polytechnic </li></ul><ul><li>2009 / Wikiwijs (‘all-inclusive’ initiative) </li></ul><ul><li>No Grand Design but yet an </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging National Strategy … </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page
  39. 39. Thanks for your attention! <ul><li>And my thanks for their input to: </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Schuwer & Ben Janssen </li></ul><ul><li>Please be referred to: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>OpenEd 2009 Page