Frontiers

Singapore’s Experience
 with Border Security


       IBM Executive Forum – Vienna, Austria

                Oc...
SCOPE OF PRESENTATION

• Overview of ICA

• Checkpoints Clearance Framework

• Integrated Border Security and use of
  tec...
OVERVIEW OF ICA
 Formed on 1 April 2003 as integral part of Singapore
Government’s approach against global security threat...
Securing the Border

• ICA is more than just the merger of a Customs
Service with an Immigration Authority

• ICA is a bor...
Facts & Figures




4.5 million people
   700 sq km
Facts & Figures

In 2007, our checkpoints cleared:

•   143 million travellers
•   2.1 million containers
•   4.6 million ...
Checkpoint Clearance Framework

          People                       Goods/Vehicles
Without Visa   With Visa

          ...
People Clearance – 3 Key Factors



   Identity                                   Documentation

establish that the       ...
Establishing Identity

• Visa Electronic
Transmission System
(VETS)
• Submission of Application
for Visa Electronically
(S...
Establishing Identity

• Information Management
System maintains records
of all travellers arriving and
departing Singapor...
Secure Documentation

Biometric Passport
Establishing Intent
Equip officers with
required skill sets – ie.
targeting and questioning
techniques, cross-
examination...
Technology in People Clearance
• Sentinel – an enhanced
people screening system
which :

   • Capture images of
   passpor...
Technology in People Clearance

• Immigration Automated Clearance
System (IACS) – a frequent traveler
scheme which :

   •...
Technology in People Clearance

• Enhanced Immigration Automated
Clearance System (eIACS) – no need
for pre-registration

...
Technology in People Clearance

      • Biometrics Identification
        of Motorbikers System
        (BIKES)
Technology in People Clearance

• Biometric Database for Immigration
Clearance (BDIC)

   • Photo and fingerprint records ...
Technology in People Clearance
• Immigration Facial Screening System (iFACE)
    • Employs facial recognition technology
 ...
Technology in People Clearance
Technology in People Clearance
Integrated Screening System
which screens both traveller
as well as vehicle


             ...
Cargo Clearance – 3 Key Factors


 Identify - that the           Category – that the
 cargo is indeed               cargo ...
Cargo Clearance


• Cargo Clearance System
allows for targeting of
containers and is linked to
the ports’ operations
• Rad...
Works in Progress


          !"
#        $& (
         %'
!      )    (*
Conclusion

+     * *
                 ,
# -
  ,              ,
       ,     -       -           -
 -
!                ** ...
THANK YOU
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1 Tan Ibm Vienna (Ica)

  1. 1. Frontiers Singapore’s Experience with Border Security IBM Executive Forum – Vienna, Austria October 2008
  2. 2. SCOPE OF PRESENTATION • Overview of ICA • Checkpoints Clearance Framework • Integrated Border Security and use of technology • Challenges in Border Security
  3. 3. OVERVIEW OF ICA Formed on 1 April 2003 as integral part of Singapore Government’s approach against global security threats Under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) ICA is also the national registration and passport issuing authority
  4. 4. Securing the Border • ICA is more than just the merger of a Customs Service with an Immigration Authority • ICA is a border protection agency which is responsible for the inspection and clearance of: of - People (travellers and crew) - Cargo (containers and conventional cargo) - Conveyances (aircraft, vessels and vehicles)
  5. 5. Facts & Figures 4.5 million people 700 sq km
  6. 6. Facts & Figures In 2007, our checkpoints cleared: • 143 million travellers • 2.1 million containers • 4.6 million consignments • 1.3 million parcels
  7. 7. Checkpoint Clearance Framework People Goods/Vehicles Without Visa With Visa Visas, Import Pre-Clearance Declaration & Permit Document checks, Primary Clearance Blacklists Secondary Clearance Interviews, Inspection Singapore
  8. 8. People Clearance – 3 Key Factors Identity Documentation establish that the determine that the traveler is indeed who document is genuine and he/she claims to be Focus not tampered with Areas Intent establish the purpose of travel
  9. 9. Establishing Identity • Visa Electronic Transmission System (VETS) • Submission of Application for Visa Electronically (SAVE) and e-VISA
  10. 10. Establishing Identity • Information Management System maintains records of all travellers arriving and departing Singapore • On-line access to Watch List and to Interpol LSP database
  11. 11. Secure Documentation Biometric Passport
  12. 12. Establishing Intent Equip officers with required skill sets – ie. targeting and questioning techniques, cross- examination of documents and traveller behaviour. Professional Officers Immigration & Checkpoints Authority Inspiring Confidence in All
  13. 13. Technology in People Clearance • Sentinel – an enhanced people screening system which : • Capture images of passport bio-data page and relevant data for processing • Has counter forgery, photo-substitution & impersonation detection capabilities
  14. 14. Technology in People Clearance • Immigration Automated Clearance System (IACS) – a frequent traveler scheme which : • Uses a photo ID card with a smart chip containing the biometric (thumbprint) of the registered traveler • Unmanned automated gates with smart readers to process these frequent travelers
  15. 15. Technology in People Clearance • Enhanced Immigration Automated Clearance System (eIACS) – no need for pre-registration • Unmanned automated gates with smart readers to process pre-identified travelers • Uses Singapore International Passport as a token • Biometrics retrieved from local server instead of from any chip in card or passport
  16. 16. Technology in People Clearance • Biometrics Identification of Motorbikers System (BIKES)
  17. 17. Technology in People Clearance • Biometric Database for Immigration Clearance (BDIC) • Photo and fingerprint records of immigration offenders and persons of security interest • Linked to other databases
  18. 18. Technology in People Clearance • Immigration Facial Screening System (iFACE) • Employs facial recognition technology • Aims to detect travelers assuming multiple identities & trying to evade traditional name based screening • Can be deployed for both primary and secondary checks Blacklist Facial Screening screened against Traveler’s live or passport photo is captured Electronic Photo Blacklist
  19. 19. Technology in People Clearance
  20. 20. Technology in People Clearance Integrated Screening System which screens both traveller as well as vehicle Vehicle No. & Driver / Passenger Information Integrated Screening System Vehicle toll Vehicle collection Screening system System Traveller clearance and screening
  21. 21. Cargo Clearance – 3 Key Factors Identify - that the Category – that the cargo is indeed cargo is properly what is declared categorized Documentation – to check whether the document is genuine and in order Immigration & Checkpoints Authority Inspiring Confidence in All
  22. 22. Cargo Clearance • Cargo Clearance System allows for targeting of containers and is linked to the ports’ operations • Radiographic Scanners allows for non-intrusive checks on cargo • Other equipment enhances capabilities to detect contraband, arms, explosive and hazardous materials
  23. 23. Works in Progress !" # $& ( %' ! ) (*
  24. 24. Conclusion + * * , # - , , , - - - - ! ** , -, - - " *
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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