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ROLES AND PROFESSIONAL
CERTIFICATIONS FOR SAFETY AND
HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
GROUP 1| 5ChE-C
January 20, 2014
Dolores|Feleo|T...
TOPICS
Modern Safety and Health Teams
Safety and Health Manager
Engineers and Safety
Industrial Hygienist
Health Physicist...
Modern Safety and Health Teams
stress

explosives

laws,
standards and
codes

radiation

AIDS

product safety
and liabilit...
Modern Safety and Health Teams
Safety and
Health Manager
Safety
Engineer

Environmental
Engineer

Industrial
Hygienist

He...
Safety and Health Manager
•The most important member of the
safety and health team
•Position in the company’s hierarchy
in...
Difference between line and staff
position
Line authority - the safety
and health manager has
authority over and
supervise...
Problems in attempting to implement
programs
• Lack of commitment: Safety and health
professional should be prepared to co...
Use competitiveness to gain
commitment to safety and health
• The way to gain company wide commitment to
safety and health...
College majors that can lead to a careers as
a safety and health manager
• Universities, colleges, and community colleges ...
Helpful Agencies for Safety and Health
Managers
•
•
•
•

Certification Boards
Professional Societies
Scientific Standards ...
ENGINEERS and SAFETY
ENGINEERS
• can make a significant
contribution to safety
• correspondingly, they can
cause, inadvert...
ENGINEERS and SAFETY
ENGINEERS
• opportunity for both
good and bad comes
during the design
process
ENGINEERS INVOLVED IN DESIGN

Aerospace
Engineering

Electrical
Engineering

Mechanical
Engineering

Industrial
Engineerin...
DESIGN PROCESS
The design process is a plan of action
for reaching a goal. The plan,
sometimes labeled problem-solving
str...
DESIGN PROCESS
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION

• This involves gathering information, considering constraints,
reviewing specifica...
Modern Safety and Health Teams
Safety and
Health Manager
Safety
Engineer

Environmental
Engineer

Industrial
Hygienist

He...
SAFETY ENGINEER
• person responsible for the
traditional aspects of the safety
program, such as preventing
mechanical inju...
SAFETY ENGINEER

•
•
•
•
•
•

Persons with academic credentials in areas
other than engineering degrees should be
encourag...
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY
Industrial engineers are most likely to
work as safety engineers.
– knowledge of industria...
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS
and SAFETY
• Environmental engineering science
is a relatively new field in which the
application ...
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS
and SAFETY
It embraces the broad field of the general
environment including:

Air &Water
Quality

...
CHEMICAL ENGINEERS
and SAFETY
• Increasingly, industrial
companies are seeking
chemical engineers to fill the
industrial h...
CHEMICAL ENGINEERS
and SAFETY
• Such a broad background has made the chemical
engineer extremely versatile and capable of ...
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE
“science and art devoted to the
recognition, evaluation, and
control of those environmental
factors or ...
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST
• A person having a college or university
degree or degrees in engineering,
chemistry, physics, medic...
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST
• are primarily concerned
about the following types of
hazards:
-solvents, particulates, noise,
derma...
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST
The National Safety Council (NSC): Such special studies
and training must have been sufficient in all...
HEALTH PHYSICIST
are concerned primarily with radiation in the
workplace. Consequently, they are employed by
companies tha...
OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN

•
•
•
•
•
•

Occupational physicians are fully degreed and licensed medical
doctors. In addition, ...
OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN
• Alice Hamilton, MD
-The first leading occupational
physician in the United States.
According to t...
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE
• is the application of nursing principles in
conserving the health of workers in all
occupation...
RISK MANAGER
Risk is defined as a specific
contingency or peril.
Because the situations that
put organizations at risk
can...
RISK MANAGER
Risk management consists of the
various activities and strategies that
an organization can use to protect
its...
MANAGING RISK
REDUCTION
-Risk managers work closely with safety and
health personnel to reduce the risk of accidents
and i...
Certification of Safety and Health
Professionals
• Many occupations, both in and out of
government service, recognize educ...
Most Highly Pursued Certifications
Certified Safety
Professional
• Awarded by Board
of Certified Safety
Professionals

Cer...
How to qualify for CSP title?
Apply to the BSCP
Meet an academic
requirement
Meet a professional
safety experience
require...
How to qualify for CIH title?
Certification
Process

• Technical knowledge
• Professional Reference
Questionnaire

Certifi...
How to qualify for CPE?
Academic requirements

Work experience

Work product

• MS or equivalent, in one of the correlativ...
How to qualify for OHN?
Academic requirements

Work experience

• Registered nurses holding bachelor’s degree,
associate d...
Emerging Role of Safety Professional
Core Duty: prevention of events that
cause harm to people, property
and environment
T...
Opportunities
• Safety is one business function that
allows an organization to demonstrate
genuine concern for the well-be...
Threats
-Independently deciding resources that
are unavailable
- adding layers of complexities
-insertion of disciplinary ...
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Roles and professional certifications

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Roles and professional certifications

  1. 1. ROLES AND PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS FOR SAFETY AND HEALTH PROFESSIONALS GROUP 1| 5ChE-C January 20, 2014 Dolores|Feleo|Taruc
  2. 2. TOPICS Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Engineers and Safety Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Physician Occupational Health Nurse Risk Manager Certification of Safety and Health Professionals Emerging Role of Safety Professionals
  3. 3. Modern Safety and Health Teams stress explosives laws, standards and codes radiation AIDS product safety and liability ergonomics ethics automation workers’ compensation And many others. Issues that concern modern safety and health managers
  4. 4. Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Safety Engineer Environmental Engineer Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Physician
  5. 5. Safety and Health Manager •The most important member of the safety and health team •Position in the company’s hierarchy indicates company’s commitment and priorities job is complex and diverse Role: full-time or are in addition to other duties Line or staff authority
  6. 6. Difference between line and staff position Line authority - the safety and health manager has authority over and supervises certain employees [other safety and health personnel]. Staff authority - the safety and health manager is the staff person responsible for a certain function, but he or she has no line authority over others involved with that function.
  7. 7. Problems in attempting to implement programs • Lack of commitment: Safety and health professional should be prepared to confront a less than wholehearted commitment from top management in some companies. • Production versus safety: At times, a safety or health measure will be viewed by some as interfering with productivity.
  8. 8. Use competitiveness to gain commitment to safety and health • The way to gain company wide commitment to safety and health is to convey the message that a safe and healthy workplace is the best way to improve productivity, cost, quality, image, service, and response time. • [The way not to gain a company wide commitment to safety and health is to quote government regulations as a reason.]
  9. 9. College majors that can lead to a careers as a safety and health manager • Universities, colleges, and community colleges across the country have responded to the need for formal education for safety and health managers as well as other safety and health personnel. Associate degrees • Industrial safety • Occupational safety • Environmental technology • Safety and health management • Industrial hygiene Baccalaureate degrees • Industrial safety and health • Occupational safety management • Industrial hygiene
  10. 10. Helpful Agencies for Safety and Health Managers • • • • Certification Boards Professional Societies Scientific Standards and Testing Organizations Trade Associations
  11. 11. ENGINEERS and SAFETY ENGINEERS • can make a significant contribution to safety • correspondingly, they can cause, inadvertently or through incompetence, accidents that result in serious injury and property damage.
  12. 12. ENGINEERS and SAFETY ENGINEERS • opportunity for both good and bad comes during the design process
  13. 13. ENGINEERS INVOLVED IN DESIGN Aerospace Engineering Electrical Engineering Mechanical Engineering Industrial Engineering Nuclear Engineering
  14. 14. DESIGN PROCESS The design process is a plan of action for reaching a goal. The plan, sometimes labeled problem-solving strategy, is used by engineers, designers, drafters, scientists, technologists, and a multitude of professionals. -Professor William S. Chalk
  15. 15. DESIGN PROCESS PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION • This involves gathering information, considering constraints, reviewing specifications, and combining all of these into a clear and concise description of the problem SYNTHESIS • combine or synthesize systematic, scientific procedures with creative techniques to develop initial solutions to the problem identified in Step 1 ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION • All potential solutions developed in the previous step are subjected to scientific analysis and careful evaluation DOCUMENT AND COMMUNICATE • Engineering drawings, detailed calculations, and written specifications are prepared. It is common to revise the design at this point based on feedback from different reviewers PRODUCE AND DELIVER • Shop or detail drawings are developed, and the design is produced, usually as a prototype. The product is then produced and delivered.
  16. 16. Modern Safety and Health Teams Safety and Health Manager Safety Engineer Environmental Engineer Industrial Hygienist Health Physicist Occupational Health Nurse Occupational Physician
  17. 17. SAFETY ENGINEER • person responsible for the traditional aspects of the safety program, such as preventing mechanical injuries; falls, impact, and acceleration injuries; heat and temperature injuries; electrical accidents; fire-related accidents; and so on
  18. 18. SAFETY ENGINEER • • • • • • Persons with academic credentials in areas other than engineering degrees should be encouraged to seek such positions. These other educational disciplines include: industrial technology industrial engineering technology manufacturing technology engineering technology industrial management industrial safety technology
  19. 19. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY Industrial engineers are most likely to work as safety engineers. – knowledge of industrial systems can make them valuable members of a design team, particularly one that designs industrial systems and technologies. – helping design job and plant layouts for both efficiency and safety.
  20. 20. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Environmental engineering science is a relatively new field in which the application of scientific and engineering principles is used to protect and preserve human health and well being of the environment.
  21. 21. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY It embraces the broad field of the general environment including: Air &Water Quality Solid and Hazardous Wastes Environmental biology and chemistry Water Resources and Management Systems ecology Radiological Health Water & waste-water treatment
  22. 22. CHEMICAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Increasingly, industrial companies are seeking chemical engineers to fill the industrial hygiene role on the safety and health team. • Modern chemical engineers, who are also called process engineers, are concerned with all the physical and chemical changes of matter to produce a product economically or result that is useful to mankind.
  23. 23. CHEMICAL ENGINEERS and SAFETY • Such a broad background has made the chemical engineer extremely versatile and capable of working in a wide variety of industries: Chemical Petroleum Aerospace Nuclear Materials Microelectr onics Sanitation Food Processing Computer Technology
  24. 24. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE “science and art devoted to the recognition, evaluation, and control of those environmental factors or stresses, arising in and from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers or among citizens of the community.” - American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
  25. 25. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST • A person having a college or university degree or degrees in engineering, chemistry, physics, medicine, or related physical and biological sciences who, by virtue of special studies and training, has acquired competence in industrial hygiene
  26. 26. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST • are primarily concerned about the following types of hazards: -solvents, particulates, noise, dermatoses, radiation, temperature, ergonomics, toxic substances, biological substances, ventilation, gas, and vapors
  27. 27. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENIST The National Safety Council (NSC): Such special studies and training must have been sufficient in all of the above cognate sciences to provide the abilities: (a) to recognize environmental factors and to understand their effect on humans and their well-being; (b) to evaluate, on the basis of experience and with the aid of quantitative measurement techniques, the magnitude of these stresses in terms of ability to impair human health and well-being (c) to prescribe methods to eliminate, control, or reduce such stresses when necessary to alleviate their effects.
  28. 28. HEALTH PHYSICIST are concerned primarily with radiation in the workplace. Consequently, they are employed by companies that generate or use nuclear power. Their primary duties include the following monitoring radiation inside and outside the facility measuring the radioactivity levels of biological samples developing the radiation components of the company’s emergency action plan supervising the decontamination of workers and the workplace when necessary
  29. 29. OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN • • • • • • Occupational physicians are fully degreed and licensed medical doctors. In addition, they must have completed postgraduate work in the following areas of safety like: biostatistics and epidemiology industrial toxicology work physiology radiation (ionizing and nonionizing) noise and hearing conservation and others
  30. 30. OCCUPATIONAL PHYSICIAN • Alice Hamilton, MD -The first leading occupational physician in the United States. According to the NSC, in 1910 Dr. Hamilton became managing director of the Illinois Occupational Disease Commission in the United States. •Bernardino Ramazzini - widely thought of as being the first occupational physician. This is primarily as a result of his study of the work-related problems of workers in Modena, Italy, and a subsequent book he authored titled The Diseases of Workers (1700).
  31. 31. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE • is the application of nursing principles in conserving the health of workers in all occupations. • It involves prevention, recognition, and treatment of illness and injury, and requires special skills and knowledge in the areas of health education and counselling, environmental health, rehabilitation, and human relations - American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN)
  32. 32. RISK MANAGER Risk is defined as a specific contingency or peril. Because the situations that put organizations at risk can be so expensive when they do occur, many organizations employ risk manager
  33. 33. RISK MANAGER Risk management consists of the various activities and strategies that an organization can use to protect itself from situations, circumstances, or events that may undermine its security. You are yourself, a risk manager.
  34. 34. MANAGING RISK REDUCTION -Risk managers work closely with safety and health personnel to reduce the risk of accidents and injuries on the job TRANSFERENCE -work closely with insurance companies to achieve the most effective transference possible
  35. 35. Certification of Safety and Health Professionals • Many occupations, both in and out of government service, recognize education and experience through professional certifications. • Professional Certification is an excellent way to establish credentials in the safety, health and environmental profession.
  36. 36. Most Highly Pursued Certifications Certified Safety Professional • Awarded by Board of Certified Safety Professionals Certified Professional Ergonomist • Awarded by Board of Certification in Professional Ergonomics Certified Industrial Hygienist • Awarded by American Board of Industrial Hygiene Certified Occupational Health Nurse • Awarded by the American Board for Occupational Health Nurse
  37. 37. How to qualify for CSP title? Apply to the BSCP Meet an academic requirement Meet a professional safety experience requirement Pass the Safety Fundamentals Examination Pass the Comprehensive Practice Examination • Associate degree in safety and health or Bachelor’s degree in any field • 4 years of professional safety experience in addition to any experience used to meet academic requirements • Basic knowledge appropriate to professional safety practice
  38. 38. How to qualify for CIH title? Certification Process • Technical knowledge • Professional Reference Questionnaire Certification Maintenance • Accumulation of 40 points required every 5 years gathered for active practice, technical committee work, publications, meetings, teachings, etc.
  39. 39. How to qualify for CPE? Academic requirements Work experience Work product • MS or equivalent, in one of the correlative fields of ergonomics, such as biomechanics, human factors/ergonomics, industrial engineering, industrial hygiene, kinesiology, psychology, or systems engineering • 4 years of ergonomic work experience • technical reports, design papers, analysis reports, evaluation reports, patent applications, or thorough written description of the project
  40. 40. How to qualify for OHN? Academic requirements Work experience • Registered nurses holding bachelor’s degree, associate degree or higher • 4000 or more hours of work experience in occupational health • 50 or more contact hours of continuing education completed during last 5 years
  41. 41. Emerging Role of Safety Professional Core Duty: prevention of events that cause harm to people, property and environment The skills needed to fulfill this duty are changing.
  42. 42. Opportunities • Safety is one business function that allows an organization to demonstrate genuine concern for the well-being of the individual and give life to the ethics that are becoming more important to employee satisfaction. • Safety professionals position themselves as consultants to the organization and trusted advisors to the line organization and its leaders.
  43. 43. Threats -Independently deciding resources that are unavailable - adding layers of complexities -insertion of disciplinary actions -failure to investigate to analyze new incentives and approaches
  44. 44.

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