Biology Lesson 5.6

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Biology Lesson 5.6

  1. 1. Lesson 5.6 FungiCharacteristics:Belong to Kingdom FungiIncludes mushroom, molds, lichen,yeast and mildewNonvascularLack chlorophyllDepend on other organisms for food(heterotrophs, most saprophytes)
  2. 2. Lesson 5.6 FungiCharacteristics:Most multicelled except yeastHave filaments that make up the body calledhyphaeHyphae together make up the main bodycalled the mycelium
  3. 3. Lesson 5.6 FungiTerms:Heterotrophs – organisms that cannot produce their own food.Autotrophs – organisms that canmake their own food.Saprophytes – get nutrients fromdead organisms
  4. 4. Lesson 5.6 FungiTerms:Mycologist – scientist who studiesfungi
  5. 5. Lesson 5.6 FungiImportance of Fungi:Great decomposersSome parasiticYeast important to bread makingMushrooms people like to eatPenicillin – important class ofantibiotics
  6. 6. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi Produce spores in microscopic club- shaped structures called basidia Includes mushrooms, toadstools, rust and smuts Saprophytes Many edible
  7. 7. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi Many rust and smuts cause great crop damage ex. Wheat rust and corn smut2. Molds Ex. Bread mold, cheese mold Penicillin comes from Penicillium mold Some harmful to crops
  8. 8. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi2. Molds3. Sac Fungi Have saclike spore-producing structures Ex. Yeast and mildew Carry out alcoholic fermentation produce CO2 makes bread rise
  9. 9. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi2. Molds3. Sac Fungi Reproduces by budding when conditions are good and spores called ascus when conditions bad and can remain dormant.
  10. 10. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi2. Molds3. Sac Fungi4. Slime molds Jellylike organisms found on bark of fallen trees Brightly colored (bright red, yellow, orange) Eat bacteria or other organic stuff
  11. 11. Lesson 5.6 FungiTypes of fungi:1. Club Fungi2. Molds3. Sac Fungi4. Slime molds5. Lichens Symbiotic relationship between algae and fungus  Algae is photosynthetic and provides food  Fungus provides water and minerals for algae

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