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The aim of the Open School project is to strengthen the openness of universities to its students. In an Open School, students do not take a passive role as service consumers; they are active, and empowered members of their university. Hence, the open school reflects a new mindset in higher education enabled by the usage of latest crowdsourcing technologies. The web-based IDEANET platform is an adequate system to support universities in launching an Open School project. Three case studies conducted at German higher education institutions demonstrate the feasibility of the concept in practice. The case studies show that students are willing to contribute with their ideas to different issues, ranging from new entrepreneurial business models, improvements of study conditions or creation of new teaching, and research methods. Including grading systems and possibilities for students to realize their ideas in practice are promising, and effective reward mechanisms to steer student participation. In some circumstances, however, the use of grades as a reward can give rise to conflicts among students, and hence needs to be carefully designed.

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  1. 1. The Open SchoolNizar Abdelkafi, Michael Bartl, Johann Füller, Christoph Ihl
  2. 2. Agenda• The Current Situation and the Vision• The Open School Objectives• What is the Open School good for?• Case Studies• Scientific Results and Future Research• Open School Project: “Small” Funding  BIG Impact• Publications and Presentations 04.12.2012 2
  3. 3. The Current Situation and the Vision The university’s system • University: • Students: Administration Undergraduates Teaching and Graduates research staff Offline relationships and PhDs Library basic online interactions Study programs … … The university’s system• University • University Subsystem 1 (Staff): Subsystem (Students): Administration Undergraduates Offline relationships and Teaching and sophisticated online interactions Graduates research staff based on the technologies PhDs supporting open source Library Study programs development, open content … generation, and innovation contests 04.12.2012 … 3 04.12.2012 3
  4. 4. The Open School ObjectivesTo develop a Student community platform, operated byuniversities• The students can actively contribute to research and practical activities in order to develop innovative solutions to diverse problems.• The activities published on the platform may be posted by the university’s administration, teaching and research departments, industrial companies, general public, or students themselves. 04.12.2012 4
  5. 5. Selected Benefits Initiator of Examples of Problems/Activities Students’ Contribution over the Platform the TaskStudents complain about the lecturer’s Students improve the learning resources by creating new Teachingslides to be abstract or difficult to material or enhancing existing ones; the teaching staff decides staffunderstand. on the modifications to be adopted. Students contribute to writing case studies. During trainees,Case studies are required for the Research or project studies, bachelor or master theses, students gatherpurpose of teaching and research. teaching staff practical experiences and gain new insights that can serve for the development of case studies.Software is required to support the Research Students develop a new software or improve an existing oneautomation of a new methodology staff according to the open source principles.developed within a research project. Students contribute with ideas to reduce the length of queues orStudents are unsatisfied with the long Canteen’s simulate the canteen’s food counters and checkouts in order towaiting times in the canteen. staff propose effective strategies.Students complain about long waiting Students work out ideas in order to reduce the time until gettingtimes between ordering and getting Library staff the book titles.library books.A commercial company looks for new Students develop new ideas how the product may be used in a Industryapplications for its product. different way than so far. 04.12.2012 5
  6. 6. But…• …does the idea work in practice?• Is there any evidence that students will participate in such an initiative?• What are the kind of activities students are most interested in? 04.12.2012 6
  7. 7. Case StudiesUniversity of Erlangen-Nuremberg • Development of business concepts for service innovations based on smart phones, • In winter semester 2009/2010, 241 submissions from students in the fields of education, entertainment, and healthcareRWTH Aachen • Submission of ideas that aim to improve the university’s life conditions and processes • Participation of almost 60 students (RWTH 2.0, the digital university!!!)HHL-Leipzig Graduate School of Management • Co-creation of management knowledge in close collaboration between academia and practice, • Students actively contributed to case writing seminars 04.12.2012 7
  8. 8. Results• Students are willing to use the platform; they are able to generate original ideas.• Open school projects, using voluntary participation and competition among students can work in the practice.• The use of grades, as a means to push motivation among students, can sometimes lead to conflicts.• Students can contribute to the creation of high quality research and teaching materials• The IDEANET platform generates big volumes of data that can be analyzed to answer diverse research questions related to online communities 04.12.2012 8
  9. 9. Future Research• The identification of new problems is, at least, as important as finding innovative solutions. Thus, why not a contest, in which students participate to ask questions and find problems.• Implementation of the open school platform in a small class (30 Students); this is an ideal setting to compare students’ profiles in real life with their online behavior  The experimental setting at the university of Leipzig in winter semester 2010/2011 within the context of an innovation management lecture. 04.12.2012 9
  10. 10. Open School Project: “Small” Funding  BIG Impact• Looking for the Big Impact: The open school project gave the idea to submit a proposal to apply for an European project• Project: PARENIS – Development and Implementation of a Program Advancing Research Education and Exploitation for the Support of National Innovation Systems• EU-Program: TEMPUS• Consortium: 12 Partners from 7 countries (Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, France, Tunisia and Morocco)• Project Contents: Introduction of lectures on research methods in Tunisia and Morocco, research stays for PhD students, Initiation of innovation labs with industry, and Implementation of the Open School Platform, as a method to facilitate innovation and technology transfer.• Project duration: 3 years• Submission: March 2010; Acceptance for funding: July 2010• Project volume: € 972.052,73• Tempus Grant: € 869.111,73 04.12.2012 10
  11. 11. Publications, Presentations and Reports:• Presentation slides and video record of the Presentation “Open Source Innovation and Open School” during the Meeting of the Peter-Pribilla- foundation on 13. April 2010 in Tunis• Presentation in the workshop “Service Innovation & Open Collective Work” INFORMATIK 2010 | Service Science – Neue Perspektiven für die Informatik 40. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Informatik „The Open School Vision – For More Openess at Universities“• Protocol of the project meeting on 28.05.2010 at HYVE AG in Munich• Abdelkafi, Nizar / Bartl, Michael / Füller, Johann / Ihl, Christoph / Rieger, Markus (2010): The Open School Vision – For More Openess at Universities, in Klaus-Peter Fähnrich and Bogdan Franczyk (Ed.): Proceedings of Informatik 2010 : Service Science – Neue Perspektiven für die Informatik, Band 1, pp. 949-955. 04.12.2012 11