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Cystitis --period 1

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Cystitis --period 1

  1. 1. Excretory Disease - Cystitis By:Navjeet andVandana Period 1 Biology 12
  2. 2. WHAT is it? It is a medical term for the inflammation of the bladder.
  3. 3. What CAUSES it? Inflammation of the bladder caused by urine infection Urine infection caused by bacteria Leftover feces around the anus can cause bacteria culture to develop Those bacteria can travel to the urethra (tube from bladder that passes out urine) into the bladder
  4. 4. Symptoms Strong, persistent urge to urinate Burning sensation when urinating Passing frequent, small amounts of urine Blood or pus in the urine Passing smelly or cloudy urine Discomfort in pelvic area A feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen or lower back Feeling unwell, weak or feverish
  5. 5. When should you see a doctor? High fever/chills Vomiting Back or side pain
  6. 6. Risk Factors: males and females Old age Weak immune system( having diabetes, HIV infection or cancer treatment) Using bladder catheters for a long time - changing them can cause bladder tissue to be damaged Not using the bathroom frequently (buildup of bacteria in bladder) Blockage of urinary system(kidney or bladder stones)
  7. 7. Risk factors: females Usage of tampons that contain irritants Pregnancy ( hormones can trigger bladder infection) Sexual intercourse Birth controls (using diaphragm for contraception) conceptn Menopause(bladder lining becomes thinner) Risk factors: males Enlarged prostate gland(prostate infection)
  8. 8. It is more common among females than males. Why? A woman's urethra opening is much closer to the anus than a man's. Therefore, there is a higher risk of bacteria entering the urethra from the anus. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection. When males have cystitis, it is more serious because they are less likely to get this infection.
  9. 9. Age range of Canadians getting cystitis All ages are susceptible to this infection More common in women in their late 30s and 40s In ages 1 - 11 cystitis is 9 to 10 times more likely in girls than boys
  10. 10. How many Canadians get this disease? Up to 20% of Canadian women will develop cystitis over their lifetime 3 - 4% of Canadian women get recurrent cystitis (permanent damage to bladder) 5,000 visits made to doctors per year by males and females as a result of having cystitis Infants: 3.7% boys and 2% girls get cystitis
  11. 11. Treatments 3 day course of antibiotics such as Trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin, and amoxicillin for mild cystitis Regular antibiotics for people with recurrent cystitis Bladder instillation( intravesical therapy) Bladder distension Surgical therapies such as sacral neuromodulation
  12. 12. Bladder Instillation This could be called a bladder wash or bath. During bladder instillation the bladder is filled with a solution which is held for varying periods of time, from a few seconds to 15 minutes, before being drained through a narrow tube called a catheter.Drugs used for this treatment include dimethyl sulfoxide, heparin , and sodium bicarbonate.
  13. 13. Bibliography http://www.medicinenet.com/interstitial_cystitis/page6.htm#what_is_the_treatment_of_interstitial_cystitis http://www.onlinepharmaciescanada.com/ailments/cystitis.aspx http://kidney.ca/document.doc?id=316 www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Urinary-tract-infection-adults/P ages/Causes.aspx www.cfp.ca/content/58/41398.full www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17908260 medicsindex.ning.com/profiles/blogs/what-s-causing-your-pelvic-pain-18-causes-of-pelvic-pain

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