Bladder Cancer

Jessica, Shristi
Explanation
Bladder cancer starts in
the linings, which is
called superficial bladder
cancer.
If the cancer spreads to
the...
There are 3 main types of
bladder cancer
Transitional cell carcinoma, Squamous cell
carcinoma, and Adenocarcinoma
TRANSITIONAL CELL
CARCINOMA
Transitional cells expand
when bladder is full and
contract when empty.
The cells can become
c...
SQUAMOUS CELL
CARCINOMA

Squamous cells appear
when there is an irritation
or infection.
ADINOCARCENOMA
These cells are mucussecreting glands in the
bladder. The tumour is
formed in the the bladder
and can grow ...
TREATMENTS
Surgery
Chemotherapy
Biological therapy
CHEMOTHERAPY
Intravesical - used when BCG therapy is
unsuccessful. Instilled into the bladder through
urinary Catheter

Sy...
AGE GROUP

Age group for people whom are diagnosed with
bladder cancer are 65+

Population of people with bladder cancer i...
RISK FACTORS
Smoking
Chronic bladder infection/irritation
Bladder birth defects
Chemotherapy

Low fluid consumption
PREVENTION
Don't smoke
Take caution with chemicals

Drink water throughout the day
Choose a variety of fruits/vegetables
SYMPTOMS

Visible blood in the urination
Painful urination
Pelvic pain
HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED
Rectal/vaginal examination
Laboratory tests

Ultrasounds
Bladder biopsy
SOURCES USED
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177/DSECTION=causes
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articl...
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Bladder cancer, period 4

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Bladder cancer, period 4

  1. 1. Bladder Cancer Jessica, Shristi
  2. 2. Explanation Bladder cancer starts in the linings, which is called superficial bladder cancer. If the cancer spreads to the muscle wall, it then is invasive bladder cancer.
  3. 3. There are 3 main types of bladder cancer Transitional cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma, and Adenocarcinoma
  4. 4. TRANSITIONAL CELL CARCINOMA Transitional cells expand when bladder is full and contract when empty. The cells can become cancerous depending on how far they have invaded the wall of the bladder
  5. 5. SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA Squamous cells appear when there is an irritation or infection.
  6. 6. ADINOCARCENOMA These cells are mucussecreting glands in the bladder. The tumour is formed in the the bladder and can grow outside of the bladder causing blood in the urination.
  7. 7. TREATMENTS Surgery Chemotherapy Biological therapy
  8. 8. CHEMOTHERAPY Intravesical - used when BCG therapy is unsuccessful. Instilled into the bladder through urinary Catheter Systemic - combination chemo administered into the vein. Treatment option for locally advanced and metastatic bladder cancer
  9. 9. AGE GROUP Age group for people whom are diagnosed with bladder cancer are 65+ Population of people with bladder cancer in Canada is 5%
  10. 10. RISK FACTORS Smoking Chronic bladder infection/irritation Bladder birth defects Chemotherapy Low fluid consumption
  11. 11. PREVENTION Don't smoke Take caution with chemicals Drink water throughout the day Choose a variety of fruits/vegetables
  12. 12. SYMPTOMS Visible blood in the urination Painful urination Pelvic pain
  13. 13. HOW IS IT DIAGNOSED Rectal/vaginal examination Laboratory tests Ultrasounds Bladder biopsy
  14. 14. SOURCES USED http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177/DSECTION=causes http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/1670 77.php http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMW JtE/b.3483919/ http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177/DSECTION=prevention http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bladdercancer/DS00177

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