Universidad Central Facultad de Filosofia Escuela de Idiomas
CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF ECUADORFaculty of Philosophy, Literature and education science • LANGUAGE SCHOOL Bilingual Specialization SEMESTER: 4TH STUDENT: EDUARDO ROMERO ACTIVITY: demonstration class TOPIC: BASEBALL Educational Source: WWW. WIKIPEDIA.com
Baseball• Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety- foot diamond. Players on the batting team take turns hitting against the pitcher of the fielding team, which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways. A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and later advance via a teammates hit or other means. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. One turn at bat for each team constitutes an inning and nine innings make up a professional game. The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.
THE PITCHER the pitcher is the player who throws the baseball from the pitchers moundtoward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of retiring a batter, who attempts to either make contact with the pitched ball or draw a walk.
CATCHER• Catcher is a position for a baseball or softball player. When a batter takes his turn to hit, the catcher crouches behind home plate, in front of the umpire, and receives the ball from the pitcher
FIRST BASEMAN• A first baseman is the player on the team playing defense who fields the area nearest first base, and is responsible for the majority of plays made at that base.
SECOND BASEA second baseman is the baseball player guarding second base. Also called second bagger, the second baseman often possesses quick hands and feet, needs the ability to get rid of the ball quickly, and must be able to make the pivot on a double play.
Third BASE• A third baseman, abbreviated 3B, is the player in baseball whose responsibility is to defend the area nearest tothird base — the third of four bases a baserunner must touch in succession to score a run. In the scoring system used to record defensive plays, the third baseman is assigned the number 5.
SHORTSTOP• Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball fielding position between second and third base. Shortstop is often regarded as the most dynamic defensive position in baseball, because there are more right-handed hitters in baseball than left- handed hitters, and most hitters have a tendency to pull the ball slightly, so more balls go to the shortstop than any other position. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the shortstop is assigned the number 6.
LEFT FIELDER• In baseball, a left fielder (LF) is an outfielder who plays defense in left field. Left field is the area of the outfield to the left of a person standing at home plate and facing towards the pitchers mound. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the left fielder is assigned the number 7.
CENTER FIELDER• A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field – the baseball fielding position between left field and right field. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the center fielder is assigned the number 8.
Right fielder• A right fielder, abbreviated RF, is the outfielder in baseball or softball who plays defense in right field. Right field is the area of the outfield to the right of a person standing at home plate and facing towards the pitchers mound. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the right fielder is assigned the number 9.
Designated hitter• In baseball, the designated hitter rule is the common name for Major League Baseball Rule 6.10, an official position adopted by the American League in 1973 that allows teams to designate a player, known as the designated hitter (abbreviated DH), to bat in place of the pitcher each time he would otherwise come to home plate, rather than replace him by pinch- hitting. Since then, most collegiate, amateur, and professional leagues have adopted the rule or some variant; MLBs National League, NPBs Central League, and the independent Golden Baseball League are the most prominent professional leagues that do not have the DH rule.
If the ball goes flying over the bottom boundary ofthe playing area is a home run or"homer," English "homerun" - that is, the batter goesaround the block to score a home and career. If youalso had some of his companions on the bases, theyalso run to the plate and score runs, one foreach player to have on base and one that scoresthe batter. HOME RUN